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History of Maison Carree
Transcript of History of Maison Carree
How Did They Build It?
Why is The Maison Carrée so famous?
Maison Carree is the most well-preserved Temple in the Roman History.
After the Roman Empire fell, most of
the Roman buildings were destroyed. However, while almost every Roman building was getting damaged, the Maison Carree was able to stay undamaged. It was used as churches, stables, and storage. Today the buildings main room is used for an art gallery and other cultural events. The Maison Carree is one of the most well-preserved monuments in the world.
Not only is the Maison Carree one of the most well-preserved monuments in the world, It also has a scientific value. They have claimed that the roman cement was superior to modern cement. It is a great symbol of strength and stability.
The Maison Carree is elevated on a tall podium nearly 10 feet high and approached by a monumental flight of stairs on the west end. Despite the temple's French name, which means "Square House," the building is actually rectangular - about twice as long (82 feet) as it is wide (40 feet). The building has a single portico on the west side, consisting of six 33 feet high Corinthian columns, but a symmetrical appearance is maintained with matching engaged columns around the remainder of the building. It was built of large stones from a nearby quarry, put together without mortar.
History of Maison Carrée
What is it used for? Why did they build it?
What to see in the Maison Carrée
The Maison Carrée is an ancient building in Nîmes, southern France; it is known for being the best preserved Roman temples in the land of the former Roman Empire. It was built by Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, who was the patron of the Pantheon in Rome, in 16 AC and was reconstructed in many years. It was dedicated to his two sons, Caius Caesar and Lucius Caesar, who were adopted by Augustus to be his heirs. The piece of writing dedicating the temple to Caius and Lucius was removed in medieval times. However, Jean-Francois Seguier was able to reconstruct the dedication in 1758.
In medieval times it was vandalised, like so many other ancient monuments. The Maison Carée was destroyed during the Wars of Religion. It was sold and converted into private residences and stables. However, it was bought again in 1673 by an Augustinian monk. Fortunately the local authorities prevented them from completely destroying it and they had to be content with setting up a church inside the cella, and digging a cemetery under the building. In 1789 it was expropriated by the Revolutionary government, used as a granary and then sold off as a "bien national". During the nineteenth century it was used by the Prefecture du Gard, then it served as a repository for archives, and then became a museum in 1823. A large theatre was built to the west of the Maison Carrée. All this was cleared away in the twentieth century and the building was converted into a public library and museum of contemporary art.
Julia 28 November 2014
Who Built The Maison Carrée?