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Modernism and Contemporary
Transcript of Modernism and Contemporary
-Bright colors were used, along with shapes including cubes, spheres and cones.
-Cubism was invented by Pablo Picasso, it steered away from traditional techniques and cubist artists believed that their work didn't have to represent nature. Religion in the Modern Era -During the early 20th century many immigrants came to the United States and they brought their individual religions with them. These included Buddhism, Judaism, Islam, Christianity and others.
-These religions clashed and it separated people rather than bringing them together.
-Individuals felt "free" to choose their faith and they steered away from traditional rules and religions.
-Individuals also had more recognition, rather than being attached to the church, they could venture out.
-America was also expanding and so some Protestants felt it to be necessary to spread their faith to others. Modernism Philosophy Contemporary Modernism Modernism roughly 1915- 1945
Characterized by a reevaluation of traditional styles, forms and subject matter
New emphasis on experimentation
People's concepts of truth change drastically
Literary features include direct presentation of experiences, economical use of language, symbolism, and an informal colloquial style
People question their basic and underlying beliefs and assumptions
America becomes a chaotic, technological, and mechanized modern era Outlook on Life
View of Man World War I Great War
fought between 1914- 1918.
First war of mass destruction
Machine gun, poison gas, tanks, airplanes, and barbed wire
Over 100,000 American deaths
Daily life was miserable
men went insane in trenches
artillery bombardment killed without warning Great Depression Began 1929, stock market crashed
Banks were forced to close due to their investments in the stock market
People withdrew money
more banks closed
Millions of Americans didn't have jobs
lost money and fired workers
Started government involvement in the economy and society
Great Plains hit with drought World War II American's tried to avoid the conflict
FDR announced that the US wouldn't give Japan gasoline and iron
2,400 Americans killed
One cause the US to enter the war
More than 400,000 American deaths
War lasted from 1939-1945
120,000 Japanese sent to internment camps
Dropped 2 atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki Pessimistic
Men were viewed as being very destructive during this time period (lots of death)
Daily life had lots of uncertainty
Jobs and wages were unpredictable, there was labor unrest, and people were losing money due to the stock market
Influence on literature
inner thought became more important in writing and caused people to began writing narratives about their experiences
Many people died in this time period so they wanted others to remember their lives
People saw things in a different point of view due to all of the death in WWI and WWII and despair of the depression
People wrote more about emotion and their experiences due to all of the hardship in this era 1945-present
The media begins to influence writing and interprets the values of society
People question their surroundings
reality is not fixed and there is a mix of fantasy and nonfiction writings
Writer's use fragmentation, parody, irony, and ambiguity
Tries to connect people together to achieve some sort of optimism The Space Race and
the Internet Cold War Began in 1945 with the end of WWII
Between the US and the Soviet Union
Neither country wanted to actually fight
Afraid of the other countries power
Sputnik launch in 1957 caused panic in the US
American's feared communism and the domino effect of other countries falling to communism
Many people were accused of being communist (McCarthyism) In 1969 Neil Armstrong is the first man to land on the moon
He was part of the Apollo 11 mission
Put the US ahead of the Soviets in the Space Race
Gave people around the world hope for future space exploration
Began America's obsession with space
Video camera's transmitted images of the moon to people watching on television's
Arpanet connected computers at Stanford and UCLA for the first time in 1969
First network to run packet switching technology Vietnam September 11, 2001 The Vietnam War was fought between 1959-1975
The US fought the war with the South Vietnamese to prevent the spread of communism
Many people believed that the US had no way of winning the war
More that 58,000 American's died in the war
People began to lose faith in the government
Lost public support
People began to protest the war as more soldiers were being drafted to a war that people believed could not be won
In May 1968 562 US troops died in a week
People protested the number of young deaths and also protested the government dropping blanket bombs and killing children in Vietnam Sense of permanent venerability for American's.
2,996 total people died in 9/11
Made people question why the innocent would be killed
Airport security became much stricter and people developed a fear of flying
Terrorist became a much more common word in modern vocabulary
Immigration laws became stricter
Especially for muslims Outlook on Life
View of Man More optimistic outlook on life
There were many advances in technology (the internet) and people were fascinated by space
The media began to have more of an influence on people's lives than the government
people were pessimistic about how they viewed the government and how the government was running the country during and after the Vietnam War
Influence on literature
The Cold War, the space race, and the internet encouraged more writing about a reality that was less fixed (more fantasy
The Vietnam War and 9/11 influenced irony and fragmentation in writing to give people the facts about an important situation and to make light of difficult situations The New Deal President Roosevelt promised the
American people a resolution to
the economic turmoil they were in.
New Deal, changed the face of
It pulled them out of a recession
The NRA was created
They created codes so that
prices or wages never fell
below a certain amount Concept of Truth Modernist Music -Musicians of the Modern Era also sought to make new music that branched away from traditional styles by using new modes of expression.
-The Twelve Tone System: All twelve notes of the chromatic scale are incorporated into one piece, and all notes are equally played throughout the piece.
-Jazz Music: Jazz represented the cultural diversity and individualism of the U.S. It was "born" in New Orleans where many cultures mixed. Oriental Poppies Girl With Mandolin Modernism Education Contemporary Art -The Contemporary Art era began after WWII
-Contemporary artists focused more on mastering skills than paying attention to the traditions of art.
-There is strong emphasis on individual creativity and interpretation.
-Technology has advanced art during this period, allowing artists to use computer programs, videos, screenprinting, etc. to create unique styles of art. Hippie Movement Driven by the war in Vietnam, youth in America rally under peace and love
This symbolized many of the beliefs of society
Ideas of changing past ways were amplified in this climate
They believed in rejecting social norm
Hippies did things because it "felt good" not because they were supposed too
They were called flower children because of handing out flowers to strangers
A whole generation of people in this country were focused on peace and love, and have major influence on the world Jean-Michel Basquiat Stand in the Corner and Be Ashamed of Yourself Martin Kippenberger Incomplete Open Cubes Sol LeWitt Contemporary Music -Contemporary music has a wide time span, with many varying styles including pop, rock, country, classical, blues, and jazz.
-It focuses on melodies and harmonies that can easily catch a listener's attention.
-The songs are based around a repeating chorus.
-Modern music is most influenced by the styles of rock and jazz music. -Early 20th century schools consisted of classes of students separated by their birth year receiving mainly verbal lecturing from a teacher. Teachers lectured on subjects varying from history to math in a single day and then students would be tested on the lectures.
-Children would only go to school for a few years to learn the basics of literacy and numeracy.
-As the United States began to urbanize, rural one-room school houses turned into larger urban schools that were located mainly in cities.
-Large groups of immigrants came to the U.S. and sought to be educated but many were denied admission due to their different languages and a lack of space. Brown vs. Board of Education -Linda Brown, a 3rd grader in Topeka, Kansas, had to walk a mile to get to her all black school even though there was a white school that was much closer to her home.
-There were "separate but equal" schools that still separated the black and white children, but there was still tension.
-Linda was denied enrollment to the white school so she went to the NAACP for help. Linda, the NAACP and other African Americans who had similar instances of this segregation appealed to the Supreme Court on October 1, 1951. In 1954 the Supreme Court came to a consensus and decided to desegregate schools.
-The decision that the Supreme Court made was a giant step towards further desegregation in other areas of life. Contemporary Education -The process of stringing events together and connecting ideas is more important than just knowing the facts.
-It is also important to be able to make real-life connections to the material that a student is learning. ("A" students aren't always the best)
-The individual needs of students are met and there is more one-on-one interaction between teachers and students.
-Religion is not discussed in most schools, and teachers opinions are to be kept to themselves. People start to change what they believe.
trust shifts towards the government
People rely on legislation to get them through hard times.
People wanted to believe in utopian ideas T.S. Eliot Concept of Truth People start to believe that not all things are as they seem
The Anti-hero becomes popular
Communism makes people afraid of things they found comforting in the past.
People trust most everything they see in the media Religion in the Contemporary Era -different religions have continued to grow, allowing more individuals to make personal decisions on their faith, or if they choose to have a religion at all.
-The five largest religions as of 2001 include: Christianity, Judaism, Islam, Buddhism and Hinduism. people during this era believed they were "revolutionizing culture" by abandoning tradition and creating new styles of art, music, architecture and writing styles Due to all the war and fighting, writers used dominate and serious moods and stories of the wars to alienate others and create completely new and unique writing styles using fragments and interior dialogue to "revolutionize culture." Writers of this era also had a strong emphasis on freedom of expression and experimentation so that American could experience free life, whether that meant using new technologies or something as simple as not being judge or refused the right to express your own personal opinion Contemporary Philosophy Contemporary philosophies consisted a lot of going against mainstream American life, having the personal drive to be original and creative, and also being connected to the world. Mass media has a huge impact on literary works during this era. People updating statuses, posting pictures, and blogging has led to the use of abbreviations and symbols to show expression in their writing. Technology has made expressing opinions very easy to everyone Advertising has also had a large impact on how ideas are presented to certain audiences. The use of comedy has become very popular within the last few decades. A very large amount of writing we see out in the real world are advertisements which not only affect how people life their lives and spend their money but how they also choose to write and express their opinions. Modernism Values being socially independent and having the ability to be original and creative is seen as a positive quality. People also in general seek to be popular and famous in school and in life, along with being rich is a lifestyle people value greatly. Living in the city and living the city life on the town is also seen as ideal over living out in the country. In general, people as looked into the future and wanted to live a fast-paced life. Contemporary Values Americans at the time wanted to be able to express their own opinions, make their own decisions, and have authority over themselves, support the rights of individuals. Americans have also began to set goals and often look at positives, and look to make progress in their lives and look to a better future and use that image as motivation Social mobility has also led to determination for Americans to become part of society and make them be more involved with others and their community practicality of jobs and objects have led to Americans being much more aware of the environment and made production cleaner and much more efficient Importance of the Period Contemporary Modernism the use of technology to expresses opinions, often through social media Warfare and terrorism had led to increases in national security and had also effect the lives of millions in America, changing their opinions and views Recession and the lack of excess amounts of money has greatly impacted the lifestyles of Americans, making being famous and rich much more desirable. The rejection of tradition and the mainstream American life, not listening to authority, uniting in numbers in order to make an impact, creating completely new genres of writing using new techniques, writing new genres of music, revolutionizing the outdated culture. Youth Movement Social media has dominated how the youth has communicated and how they have developed, also the documentation, writing and taking pictures of everything has led to how youth of modern times spend their time Youth Movement Drinking had become a very common way to help deal with stress, especially during the wars. Drinking was a way to socialize with friends and a was a way to escape reality for most teens.