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Drought and Famine in the Sahel

SAHEL means “shore” in Arabic

Luis Eduardo Buitrago

on 22 March 2012

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Transcript of Drought and Famine in the Sahel

Children sharing a meal in the village of Timbouloulag in Niger (Tillabery region).
Separates the desert from the tropical lands
(cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr
Belt across all
of Africa
(cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr
Drought and famine.
Where is the Sahel?
South of the
Sahara Desert
About Sahel:
Originated from Arabs
searching for gold
and Europeans
finding slaves
SAHEL means
“shore” in Arabic
<Of the total population
of some 25 million in the
Sahelian countries in 1974.
10% can be described as
nomadic (semi and pure nomads)
The boundaries
of the Sahel altered drastically after
the drought
Africa: The Sahel
In 2010, ten million people, mostly women, have been victims of food shortages in the Sahel.
About 500,000 children had to be treated by malnutrition between January and November in 2010 (Niger, Chad, Mali and Burkina Faso.)
the food may be available, but at prices inaccessible to many families
In 2010 the malnutrition rate in Chad and Niger is over 16% and over 20% in some regions.
Children continue to be the first victims of famine.
The Dogon are an ethnic
group living in the central plateau region of Mali
This mask was used in a dance.
The dance was performed at a funeral
ceremony to honor the life of someone
in the village who had recently died
This dancing ceremony
is called the dhama.
A gourd is a plant of the family Cucurbitaceae. It is a dried fruit shells, often used for ornament, instruments, utensils and vessels.
From 1960s to early 1980s
famine killed a 100,000 people, left 750,000
dependent on food aid, and affected most of
the 50 million people
The Sahel covers parts
(from west to east)
Senegal, southern Mauritania,
Mali, Burkina Faso,
southern Algeria, Niger, northern
Nigeria, Chad, Sudan
Famine in the Sahel
Luis Eduardo Buitrago Rojas
Full transcript