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Health & Safety

Funeral Administrators/Receptionists course

Angela Spencer

on 13 May 2013

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Transcript of Health & Safety

Legislation Goal Public Health (Control of Disease) Act 1984
Relevant sections:
Sections 43-45 concern bodies deceased carrying a notifiable disease
Sections 46-47 concern disposal of bodies where public safety is an issue Safe and Healthy work environment Health & Safety Health & Safety at Work Act 1974
Public Health (Control of Disease) Act 1984
Public Health (Infectious Diseases) Regulations 1988 Provides duties & responsibilities to/from people who:
are employees, including casual & part-time workers
are trainees & sub-contractors
are allowed to use equipment
are visitors to the premises (customers - contractors)
may be affected by work activities
use products made, supplied or imported What is it? Who is responsible? Legislation and Regulations concerned with protecting the health, safety and welfare of people engaged in work or employment All employers have a duty of care to ensure that employees and any other person who may be affected by the companies undertaking remain safe at all times It shall be the duty of every employee while at work to take reasonable care for the health and safety of him/herself and of other persons who may be affected by their acts or omissions at work COSHH
Control of Subtances Hazardous to Health Who else? Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992
PPE Regulations 1992
Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005
First Aid Regulations 1981
Electricity at Work Regulations 1989
Provision & Use of Work Equipment Regulations 1998
Workplace (Health, Safety & Welfare) Regulations 1992
Display Screen Regulations 1992 Health & Safety at Work Act 1974 Regulations in place under the Health & Safety at Work Act 1974 We must:
Report absence of more than 7 days following an accident at work
Report any death, serious injury or dangerous occurrence within 7 days
Keep a record for 5 years (Accident Book)

Report to:
Local Environmental Health Department if office, shop, warehouse, residential accommodation
All else to the Health & Safety Executive Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 1995 COSHH RIDDOR Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Employers must:
Determine the hazard posed by the substance
Assess risks to health from use
Decide how to control exposure/reduce risk
Establish effective controls
Train and inform the workforce
Monitor exposure and provide health surveillance
Employees must:
Know what the risks are
Know how the risks are controlled
Know what precautions should be taken Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992 Employers should:
Avoid hazardous manual handling operations, as far as is reasonably practicable, using instead automation or mechanical aids
Reduce the risk of injury from hazardous manual handling so far as is reasonably practicable
Assess hazardous operations that cannot be avoided
Introduce controls to reduce risk identified by such assessment
Monitor and review these controls
Revise assessments accordingly PPE Regulations 1992 Personal Protective Equipment If PPE must be used we should:
Assess risk and determine suitable PPE
Maintain, clean and replace PPE What PPE might you use? Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005 Know you branch
Location of Fire Exits & Extinguishers
What to do if you discover a fire
Raising the Fire Alarm First Aid Regulations 1981 Know where your First Aid box is kept & ensure it is properly stocked
Know who your First Aider is? Electricity at Work Regulations 1989
Staff should:
Carry out visual checks before use
Report defects immediately
Not use defective equipment Display Screen Regulations 1992
Employers are required to:
Analyse workstations to assess and reduce risks
Ensure that workstations meet specified minimum requirements
Plan work activities so that they include breaks or changes in activity
Provide eye and eyesight tests on request and special spectacles if needed
Provide information and training Provision & Use of Work Equipment Regulations 1998
Ensure equipment is suitable for the intended task
Take into account the conditions in which it will be used
Ensure equipment is used only in suitable conditions for appropriate use
Ensure regular maintenance takes place
Instruct, inform and train persons in equipment use Workplace (Health, Safety & Welfare) Regulations 1992
Cover a wide range of basic health, safety and welfare issues and apply to most workplaces
Employers have a general duty to ensure, so far as is reasonably practicable, the health, safety and welfare of their employees at work
The Regulations expand on these duties and are intended to protect the health and safety of everyone in the workplace and ensure that adequate welfare facilities are provided for people at work, including people with disabilities The health problems associated with VDU work are:
Upper limb disorders (including pains in the neck, arms, elbows, wrists, hands and fingers). Often known as repetitive strain injury or RSI
Back ache
Fatigue and stress
Temporary eye strain (but not eye damage) and headache Employees should:
Follow appropriate systems of work laid down for their safety
Make proper use of equipment provided for their safety
Co-operate with their employer on health and safety matters
Inform the employer if they identify hazardous handling activities
Take care to ensure that their activities do not put others at risk Manual handling equipment you may use Public Health (Infectious Diseases) Regulations 1988
Identifies a list of ‘notifiable’ infectious diseases
Infectious diseases are caused by organisms such as bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites
These micro-organisms are able to invade and reproduce in the human body, and then cause harmful effects
Infectious diseases such as meningitis and malaria can be spread directly or indirectly from one human being to another How are we affected?
Removals at home
Assume nothing, but if a doctor has attended the likelihood is there is little risk; the attending doctor should be able to advise
Removals from hospital
Mortuary staff should be able to advise infection status
Some mortuaries automatically bag bodies and give them an infection status label
Do not accept reluctance to advise - staff have a duty to do this Prevention of contamination
Removal vehicles
PPE for handling the deceased
Preparation of the deceased
Disposal of contaminated material
Clinical waste disposal
Personal hygiene The following diseases are notifiable under the Public Health (Control of Disease) Act 1984 or the Public Health (Infectious Diseases) Regulations 1988

Acute encephalitis, Acute poliomyelitis, Anthrax, Cholera, Diphtheria, Dysentery, Food poisoning, Leptospirosis, Malaria, Measles, Meningitis, Meningococcal, Pneumococcal, Haemophilus influenzae, Viral Meningococcal septicaemia (without meningitis), Mumps, Ophthalmia neonatorum, Paratyphoid fever, Plague, Rabies, Relapsing fever, Rubella, Scarlet fever, Smallpox, Tetanus, Tuberculosis, Typhoid fever, Viral haemorrhagic fever, Viral hepatitis, Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, Whooping cough and Yellow fever Removals from other locations - HM Coroner
Infection status is likely to be hard to determine - caution at all times
Beware gaseous and fluid discharge on movement
Incoming repatriations
Accompanying documentation may be less extensive than in the UK
Preparation of the body may be similarly lacking
Danger of discharge from lined coffin and deceased movement
Full transcript