Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM


Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.


Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Stephen Krashen's Theory of Second Language Acquisition

No description

Fanny Adame

on 25 March 2014

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Stephen Krashen's Theory of Second Language Acquisition

Acquisition learning, The natural Order, The Monitor, The input, and The Affective Filter.
According to Krashen there are two independent systems of second language performance:
The Monitor hypothesis
Krashen's theory of second language acquisition consists of five main hypotheses:
The Acquisition-Learning hypothesis
The Natural Order hypothesis
The 'acquired system' or 'acquisition' is the product of a subconscious process very similar to the process children undergo when they acquire their first language.
The 'learned system' or 'learning' is the product of formal instruction and it comprises a conscious process which results in conscious knowledge 'about' the language, for example knowledge of grammar rules.
which suggested that the acquisition of grammatical structures follows a 'natural order' which is predictable. For a given language, some grammatical structures tend to be acquired early while others late. This order seemed to be independent of the learners' age, L1 background, conditions of exposure, and although the agreement between individual acquirers was not always 100% in the studies, there were statistically significant similarities that reinforced the existence of a Natural Order of language acquisition.
Tuesday, March 25, 2014
Vol XCIII, No. 311
Stephen Krashen
The Input hypothesis is Krashen's attempt to explain how the learner acquires a second language.
The Input hypothesis
Stephen Krashen (University of Southern California) is an expert in the field of linguistics, specializing in theories of language acquisition and development. Much of his recent research has involved the study of non-English and bilingual language acquisition.
This hypothesis suggests that language acquisition occurs when learners receive messages that they can understand, a concept also known as comprehensible input.
Stephen Krashen's Theory of Second Language Acquisition
The Monitor hypothesis explains the relationship between acquisition and learning and defines the influence of the latter on the former. The monitoring function is the practical result of the learned grammar. According to Krashen, the acquisition system is the utterance initiator, while the learning system performs the role of the 'monitor' or the 'editor'
Embodies Krashen's view that a number of 'affective variables' play a facilitative, but non-causal, role in second language acquisition. These variables include: motivation, self-confidence and anxiety.
The Affective Filter hypothesis
Full transcript