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Islam: Five pillars of Islam

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Faisal Ahmed

on 31 January 2011

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Transcript of Islam: Five pillars of Islam

Write on your post-it note five things that are important to you. Five important things for Muslims
are the five pillars of Islam
The Five Pillars of Islam are the five obligations that every Muslim must satisfy in order to live a good and responsible life according to Islam.

The Five Pillars consist of:

Shahadah: sincerely reciting the Muslim profession of faith

Salat: performing ritual prayers in the proper way five times each day

Zakat: paying an alms (or charity) tax to benefit the poor and the needy

Sawm: fasting during the month of Ramadan

Hajj: pilgrimage to Mecca FIVE PILLARS OF ISLAM Why are they important?

Carrying out these obligations provides the framework of a Muslim's life, and weaves their everyday activities and their beliefs into a single cloth of religious devotion.

No matter how sincerely a person may believe, Islam regards it as pointless to live life without putting that faith into action and practice.

Carrying out the Five Pillars demonstrates that the Muslim is putting their faith first, and not just trying to fit it in around their secular lives.


The Five Pillars are a matter between the individual Muslim and Allah.

So there is no point at all in carrying them out insincerely, or, for example, trying to cheat on the fasting in Ramadan.

For God cannot be fooled and the only person who suffers is the individual concerned.


First Pillar of Islam

There is no god but Allah, and Muhammad (pbuh) is his messenger.

The Arabic can be translated into Roman alphabet like this:

Ashhadu Alla Ilaha Illa Allah Wa Ashhadu Anna Muhammad Rasulu Allah
This is the basic statement of the Islamic faith: anyone who CANNOT recite this wholeheartedly is not a Muslim.

When a Muslim recites this they declare:

That Allah is the only God and that Muhammad (pbuh) is his prophet

That they personally accept this as true.

That they will obey all the commitments of Islam in their life.

Reciting this statement three times in front of witnesses is all that anyone need do to become a Muslim.

A Muslim is expected to recite this statement out loud, with total sincerity, fully understanding what it means. Faithful Muslims will repeat this statement thousands of times during their lifetime. In particular they will:

repeat it several times each day in between getting up in the morning and going to bed at night

whisper it into the ear of their new-born baby

teach it as a matter of urgency to each of their children

hope and pray that it will be the last words to cross their lips before they die TASK 1

Answer the questions below:

1. What do the letters ‘pbuh’ stand for?

2. Why do you think Muslims write or say this after Muhammad’s name?

3. What does a Muslim declare when they recite this statement?

4. Give three examples of when a Muslim might repeat this statement.

You need to complete the 1st pillar in your student booklet. You should include the actual words of the Shahadah. You can write this in Arabic or the English Translation.

Once you have written these words you answer the questions contained in the pillar.

Finally present your pillar by using colours and patterns. SECOND PILLAR OF ISLAM


Below are some of the aims of Salat:

To bring people close to Allah

To combine soul and body in divine worship

To keep them from indecent, shameful and forbidden activities

To bring a sense of peace and tranquillity

To demonstrate obedience

To demonstrate discipline and will power

Read your information sheet on ‘Introduction to prayer’.

Record 5 words that are new to you and work out what they mean.

Then complete the Task 1 on the ‘Interview with a Muslim’ Worksheet. You will need to come up with the answers to a number of questions.

All of this work should be completed on file paper.
Your next task is to complete the 2nd Pillar of your mini-booklet.

You need to write a brief summary of daily prayer. You must use your own words and should not copy from the information sheet.
You may also want to include an image and decoration on this page. FIVE PILLARS OF ISLAM WHAT DO MUSLIMS DO TO HELP PEOPLE?

Muslims believe that everything they have, has been given to them by Allah in trust.

Zakah requires Muslims to give a percentage of their savings to the poor. Zakah is a way of showing submission to Allah and being part of the worldwide Muslim community. THE THIRD PILLAR OF ISLAM


For the poor, Zakah is not charity. It is the right of the poor as members of the Muslim community to receive help.

People should not feel embarrassed about receiving welfare contributions.

Zakah gives Muslims a chance to do something to help the poor, by helping their fellow Muslims they are storing up the true riches in life. IS IT FAIR TO MAKE PEOPLE PAY?

Muslims tend to regard the rules for zakah as sensible and reasonable. The fact that it is a proportion of the wealth of a Muslim means that the rich pay more.

There is a cut off point so the poor, who need every single thing they have in order to raise their families pay nothing at all.

Muslims must pay 2.5% of their profit or surplus (after necessary bills e.g. food, heating, clothes etc) as zakah.


Read through the information sheet and anwser the questions at the bottom of the worksheet. THE FOURTH PILLAR OF ISLAM


Sawm is fasting during the month of Ramadan. Ramadan is the ninth month of the Muslim year.

During this month, most Muslims do not eat or drink during the hours of daylight. They try hard to live especially good lives.


Read the Information sheet on Sawm.

Answer the 4 questions on the bottom of the information sheet.

Next complete the 4th pillar in your mini- booklet.


In your mini booklet;design the front of a card for Eid

The following slides will give you some ideas

Also ask people in your class for ideas.



Now that you have seen a short film on the Hajj you need to read the information sheet provided.
Next answer the question 1 4 on this sheet.

Question 1-3 will be answered on paper and question 4 should be completed in your mini-booklet.

Learning Objectives:

To be able to name the 5 pillars and explain key points of each.

To gain an appreciation of the importance of the five pillars for a Muslim.
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