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National Capital Region

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Renelyn Gonzales

on 25 March 2014

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Transcript of National Capital Region

National Capital Region
design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi
NCR-Metro Manila
Metropolitan Manila, commonly known as Metro Manila, the National Capital Region (NCR) of the Philippines, is the metropolitan region of the country which is composed of the City of Manila and the surrounding cities of Caloocan, Las Piñas, Makati, Malabon, Mandaluyong, Marikina, Muntinlupa, Navotas, Parañaque, Pasay, Pasig, Quezon City, San Juan, Taguig, and Valenzuela, as well as the Municipality of Pateros.
The region is the center of culture, economy, education, and politics of the Philippines.
Metro Manila is the financial, commercial and industrial center of the Philippines. It accounts for 33% of the Philippines' GDP.
People in Metro Manila are generally called as Manileño.

TAGALOG is most spoken dialect of the region.
The City of Muntinlupa (Filipino: Lungsod ng Muntinlupa) is the southernmost city in Philippine National Capital Region.

Muntinlupeño / Tagalog
FILIPINO and English
Country's third most populous city with a population of 1,489,040 as of the 2010 census.
Historically significant because it was the center of activities for the Katipunan.
Divided into two parts, the southern section being the urbanized portion, while the northern section becoming suburban-rural.

Most residents speak
or Filipino and English.

People of Caloocan are called

Pajotan de Sto.Nino Festival
(last week of January) - colorful procession of different Sto.Ninos with thousand devotees.
Bonifacio Day
(30th of November) - celebration of birth anniversary of Andres Bonifacio, as a means of reawakening the nationalist spirit of the public.

-From the name of priests name “Mariquina”

One of the builders of Jesus Dela Pena Chapel was a young priest called “Mariquina” who was given the task of baptizing children to christianity. Because of this very noble job, Mariquina was named in his honor to bestow upon him the glory and praise.

Early History:
The Augustinians were the first to arrive at the valley at the spot known as Chorillo then the Jesuits next came in 1630 in a place called Jesus Dela Pena and establish a chapel where the first mass in Marikina was said. Later when the Phil. Revolution broke out, Mariquina became the capital of the province of Manila from 1898 to 1899. Shortly after the United States took possession of the Phil., its name officially became “Marikina”. On November 7, 1975, by virtue of Presidential Decree No. 824, the twelve western towns of Rizal including Marikina, were made part of the new Metropolitan Manila Area.
The native people in Marikina refer to themselves as “Marikenyo”.
Marikenyos are remarked to be the most disciplined people in the Philippines.

is widely spoken and the main language in Marikina.
English is used in education, business, government and information technology
The shoe industry has become a pride of the Philippines and a boost to the growth of its economy.
Shoe capital of the Philippines (also the Shoe Capital of Asia), being the biggest manufacturer of shoes in the Philippines producing almost 70% of shoe production in the country.
Shoemakers in the city recently finished creating the world’s largest pair of shoes and it was only recently that the Guinness Book of Records recognized this feat.
Also known as “The Little Singapore” because of its peaceful and clean environment and was known as the cleanest city in Metro manila.
Marikina has emerged to reap various national awards for excellence in local governance and environmental preservation.
Marikina City is the most industrialized city in Metro Manila according to MMDA.
Marikina also boasts of hosting other big companies, multinationals, local and foreign, as well as leading exporting firms.
Their major activity is Commercial and Service Centers.
In Marikina, whenever a garbage truck comes, the residents always tie a pink ribbon for “di-nabubulok” and green ribbon for “nabubulok”.
Marikina city celebrates Halloween with street parade of zombies, vampires, and other creatures.
Marikina City also celebrates Sapatos Festival to showcase its shoemaking traditions.
Malabon is part of the sub-region of Metro Manila informally called CAMANAVA.

Located just north of Manila.

One of the most densely populated cities in the metropolis.
Malabon, per legend, came from the words maraming labong which means "plenty of labong", the edible bamboo shoots.
Originally called the town of tambobon.

Language: TAGALOG
sugar refinery, patis making, cigar making, fishing and Ilang-ilang trees flower extract production where the distilled perfume is exported.
The City of Malabon is a place famous for its Pancit Malabon. And for other variety of foods, such as puto sulot, puto bumbong, sapin-sapin, broas, bibingka and camachile.
The city is considered as the local Venice, due to year long floods and gradual sinking.

It is also known for the Bulungan at Tañong Market, (the "bulungan" system or whispered bidding in fish trading).

Its most famous festival is the "Pagoda-Caracol", a fluvial procession with street dancing to commemorate the Feast of the Immaculate Conception every 8 December.
Manila is the capital and second largest city of the Philippines.
Manila is the economic and political heart of the Philippines, home to extensive commerce and some of the most historically and culturally significant landmarks in the country, as well as the seat of the executive and judicial branches of the government.
The city became known by the name given by its Tagalog inhabitants, as Maynila, first recorded as Maynilad or "Manila". The name is based on the nila, a flowering mangrove plant that grew on the marshy shores of the bay, used to produce soap for regional trade. It is either from the phrase may nila, Tagalog for "there is nila," or it has a prefix ma- indicating the place where something is prevalent. Nila itself is probably from Sanskrit nila meaning 'indigo tree'.
Manila's economy is diverse and multifaceted. With its excellent protected harbor, Manila serves as the chief seaport of the country.
Diverse manufacturers produce industrial-related products such as chemicals, textiles, clothing, and electronic goods. Food and beverages and tobacco products also produced.
Local entrepreneurs continue to process primary commodities for export, including rope, plywood, refined sugar, copra, and coconut oil.
The food-processing industry is one of the most stable major manufacturing sector in the city.
Manila is also a major publishing center in the Philippines.
Tourism in Manila attracts over 1 million
tourists each year.

Major destinations include the walled city of Intramuros, museums such as the National Museum of the Philippines, and other tourist destinations including Ermita, Malate, Santa Cruz, the Manila Zoo, the City Chinatown and events such as the Feast of Black Nazarene, free performances in Rizal Park and events within the Cultural Center of the Philippines.
Welcome To
San Juan, Metro Manila
Also Known As (Heart of Metro Manila,Home of Philippine Presidents,Tiangge Capital of the Philippines)
It is bordered by Quezon City on the north and east, Mandaluyong City on the south, and the City of Manila in the west.

It was formerly known as "San Juan del Monte", meaning "Saint John of the Mountain". San Juan is the site of the first battle of the Katipunan, a Filipino revolutionary organization during the Spanish colonial period, that occurs in 1897.
"San Juan City" is a contraction of the city's longer, ceremonial name of San Juan del Monte As with numerous other places in the Philippines, the city is christened after John the Baptist, the city's patron saint, and the hilly terrain it is situated on.

The People In San Juan,Metro Manila is called San Juaneños
The Language Spoken Here is Mainly Tagalog.

People and Language
As one of the Cities in Metro Manila,its main economic activities are for Businesses, Transportation and etc.

Economic Activities

San Juaneños are known for their fierce patriotism and localism.
They for the most part choose to stay within city limits for work, education, and residence.
Popular perception is that locals prefer to introduce new businesses and franchises to San Juan instead of patronising similar establishments located just outside the city boundaries.
An effect of this is that San Juan is known for its increasing number of small- to medium-sized restaurants that are often independent of larger, more established chains.
These restaurants vary in their offerings, ranging from non-mainstream international cuisine to vegetarian food, as well as several cake shops and dessert cafés.

Culture and Tradition
The city also has several notable places of worship. Saint John the Baptist Parish, more commonly known as "Pinaglabanan Church", is where the city's patron saint, John the Baptist, is enshrined. The Santuario del Cristo Church is the settlement's oldest existing church, while Mary the Queen Parish in West Greenhills serves the local Filipino-Chinese community, and is a popular venue for weddings.

Notable Places

Saint John's Day

San Juan is renowned for its celebration of the Nativity of St. John the Baptist every 24 June. In a nod to the saint's characteristic act, San Juaneños engage in Basaan ("wetting"), where revellers splash people with water. Devotees and residents believe that getting wet during the Basaan brings blessings, and that it is antisocial to be irate when doused. Pedestrians and vehicles with open windows are favourite targets, and in recent years an ordinance curtailing the Basaan at noon was enacted after complaints from non-residents and commuters.

It was formerly known as "San Juan del Monte", meaning "Saint John of the Mountain". San Juan is the site of the first battle of the Katipunan, a Filipino revolutionary organization during the Spanish colonial period, that occurs in 1897.
"San Juan City" is a contraction of the city's longer, ceremonial name of San Juan del Monte As with numerous other places in the Philippines, the city is christened after John the Baptist, the city's patron saint, and the hilly terrain it is situated on.
Originally, Valenzuela was called Polo. The name Polo was derived from the Tagalog term pulô, which means island, even though the area was not an island. The original town of Polo was surrounded by the rivers from the north and Tullahan River on the south. Hence, the enclosed land was thought to be an island and early townsmen regarded the place as Pulô which later evolved into Polo done by hispanicization of the word.

Culture and Tradition

Each barangay in Valenzuela have their own feast. Most of them launch celebrations during May and April to honor patron saints and bounty harvest

The city collaborates with other institutions, government or private, to bring quality education among its citizens under the "WIN ang Edukasyon Program (roughly means Education WIN
sic Program, WIN is the
nickname of the current
mayor Sherwin Gatchalian).

Valenzuela provides medical missions and free medical operations in the city. Fully functional health facilities serves
in every barangay.

Waste management

Valenzuela has the highest number of identified recycling companies in the region.It was also said that recycling centers related to plastic materials are relatively higher than other recyclable objects like metals, paper, glass among others.

Himig Valenzuela

"Himig Valenzuela", or "Valenzuela Hymn", is the official song of the city. It is sung during flag ceremonies of private and public schools as well as government institutions along with the Philippine national anthem, "Lupang Hinirang". The hymn was composed by Edwin Ortega which has the primary objective to promote unity, progress and patriotism among the city's citizens.

PEOPLE: Valenzuelaño

In 1901, the municipality of Las Piñas was separated from Cavite and incorporated to the newly created province of Rizal pursuant to the Philippine Commission Act No. 137. Two years later, it was combined with the town of Parañaque, with the latter as the seat of a new municipal government
On February 12, 1997, President Fidel V. Ramos signed the bill which elevated Las Piñas from municipality into a city. A plebiscite held a month after approved the city status by its residents, and Las Piñas became the 10th city of Metro Manila on March 26, 1997.

Salt Bed

Nature Church

Saint Joseph Parish Church, Las Piñas

Las Piñas is made renown by the famous Bamboo Organ, jeepney factories, and the white sparkling salt it produced in a traditional way, by solar method.
Tourism has a great part also on the city’s economy.

During the Spanish era, the city is known as a small-fishing port and a major salt-making center. The city is also the first place where “Jeepney” is built beforehand. Currently, the city is famous for its Bamboo Organ inside the St. Joseph Church of the Parish of Las Piñas which wad created out of bamboo, wood, and metal.

Currently, Las Piñas city is already a booming city with various business establishments, shopping malls and other new building and facilities infrastructures. In the year 2000, the city generated a 742.0 million pesos income.

Las Piñas City is home to unique festivals like the:
International Bamboo Organ Festival, a music festival held in February celebrating the music of the unique Bamboo Organ with performances by local and foreign classical artists.
Waterlily Festival every July 27.
"Parol (Lantern) Festival" celebrated during Christmas season.
BuHaSoGi Billiards Tournament

The people from las pinas are generally Las Piñero people.

Notable people:
Ely Buendia
, songwriter, vocalist and guitarist of Eraserheads, Pupil and Oktaves
Allan K
, co-host of Eat Bulaga
Jennylyn Mercado
, actress and singer
Amy Perez
, Host, actress and Radio anchor
The Map
Las Piñas was one of the earliest fishing settlements on the shores of Manila Bay and was proclaimed a town of Cavite province either in 1762 or 1797. Its exact date of creation cannot be ascertained because historical records vary. Cavada, a Spanish historian and Fr. Juan Medina placed it at 1762, while Manuel Buzeta recorded the date at 1797.
The story about the true origin of the city's name, "Las Piñas", varies. Some said that traders from the province of Cavite and Batangas shipped first their piña (pineapples) for sale to this town before they are distributed in nearby markets. Others related that it was "Las Peñas" (the rocks) evident by the quarrying of stones and adobe which were used to construct buildings and bridges. The old church bell of St. Joseph Parish Churchfounded by Fr. Diego Cera has been preserved inside the church museum. An inscription on the bell states "Siendo cura del pueblo de Laspeñas el M.R.P. Padre Diego Cera se fundio este equilon ano de 1820" showing that even during the time of Fr. Cera, the town's first parish priest, the town has been called "Las Peñas" until after sometime that the spelling of the town's name was changed into "Las Piñas"
Brief History: (Origin)
The predominant language used and spoken is
; the rest speaks Cebuano, Ilonggo, Bicolano, Waray, Pampangueño and other dialects.

Las Piñas town feast
The town fiesta of Las Piñas is celebrated every first Sunday of May each year to honor its patron saint, Saint Joseph. Saint Joseph's Day celebration is centered in St. Joseph Parish Church in the old poblacion of Las Piñas in Brgy. Daniel Fajardo on Padre Diego Cera Ave. (Quirino Ave.).

named after the former President of the Philippines, Manuel L. Quezon.
replaced Manila as national capital from 1948-1976.
most populous city in the country with a population of 2,761,720.
largest city by area.

Most residents speak both Filipino and English.
People of Quezon City are called Tagalog.
People – Navoteño
Language - Tagalog

In the past, Navotas and Malabon used to be one and the same place. Legend says that a narrow strip of Malabon was eaten away by the two seas surrounding it until an opening connecting the two bodies of water was made. It was then that the people in the area decided to rename the strip “butas” or “hole” which eventually evolved into the name Navotas. This place has come a long way since the days of old, and was officially founded as a city last June 24, 2007.
As this city is surrounded by bodies of water flooding has always in been a problem in this city especially during the rainy season. However, local authorities are making continuous efforts to try and solve the flood problems the city is suffering from. This is done by investing in floodwater pumping stations and dikes among other methods of flood prevention. This city is always prepared for the worst with funds and emergency methods prepared in case of a typhoon.

Fishing Capital of the Philippines
Navotas is considered to be a very important fishing community with 70% of its population deriving their livelihood directly or indirectly from fishing and its related industries like fish trading, fish net mending, and fish producing having marginal percentage of inter-Island fish producers. Navotas occupies a portion of the Metropolitan Manila bound in the west with shoreline of Manila Bay, which is a strategic coastal front and suitable for all kinds of vessels.
Navotas is known for is its line of products that include:
patis (fish sauce)
bagoong (shrimp paste).

It is bordered on the north by the country's capital, the City of Manila, to the northeast by Makati City, to the east by Taguig City, and Parañaque City to the south.

Pasay City was one of the original four cities of Metro Manila. Due to its proximity to Manila, it quickly became an urban town during the American Occupation.

The name "Pasay" is of uncertain origin, although there are several theories:
Paz may have been the name of a hacienda owner's daughter, who was bewailed by her brokenhearted lover at her death as "Paz-ay!". This became the name of the hacienda and in turn came to be known simply as Pasay

The city's name may also come from pasaw, a plant with an exotic aroma, that used grow abundantly there. Spanish botanist, Antonio Pineda, visited a place called Basal to collect pasaw.
The most credible explanation is that Pasay was named after Princess Dayang-dayang Pasay of the Namayan Kingdom, who inherited lands now comprising modern-day Makati, Pasay and Baclaran

Pasay's name may also have
originated from the Spanish 
Paso hay meaning
"there is a pass".
A large part of Metro Manila's "tourist belt" is located in the City.

Most of the attractions in the city are:
CCP (Cultural Center of the Philippines) Complex,
Philippine International Convention Center (PICC), 
Tanghalang Francisco Balagtas (formerly Folk Arts Theater), 
Manila Film Center, 
Coconut Palace,
Product Development and Design Center of the Philippines (PDDCP), Philippine Trade Training Center (PTTC), 
World Trade Center Metro Manila (WTCMM),
 Cuneta Astrodome,
Aliw Theater,
Star City
Aliwan Fiesta harnesses the power of Philippine festivals to showcase how religion, culture, and tradition are woven into the fiber of our existence.

Traditional fiestas, which are held annually to commemorate the foundation of a town or province, or honoring its patron saint.
There are many legendary tales and theories explaining the origin of the name Pasig. However, the most convincing theory comes from the late Dr. Jose Villa Panganiban – a linguist, polyglot, professor, and former director of the Institute of National Language. He said that “Pasig” is an old Sanskrit word referring to a “river flowing from one body of water to another,” in the case of Pasig River, from Laguna de Bay to Manila Bay.
Pasig is one of the oldest towns in the Philippines. The Augustinians created it in 1572. In June 1901, Act No. 137 of the Philippine Commission incorporated Pasig in the newly created Province of Rizal. It became the Provincial Capital of Rizal until 1975 when the Metro Manila Commission was created under Presidential Decree No. 824.

On 26 July 1994, the Senate and the House of Representative enacted Republic Act 7829 converting the Municipality of Pasig into a highly urbanized city. Then, on 8 December 1994, President Fidel V. Ramos signed it into law. The people of Pasig ratified this through a plebiscite on 21 January 1995.
One tells of how the place was abundant with a kind of tree called luyong, now more commonly known as '’anahaw (Saribus rotundifolius), from which beautiful canes and furniture were made.
Another claims that the Spaniards named the place based on the report of a navigator named Acapulco, who saw the rolling hills frequently being lashed at by daluyong (“big waves from the sea”). This seems to confirm traditional pre-Hispanic stories that giant waves from the sea would meet the adjoining hills of the vast lowland, referred to as salpukan ng alon. Felix dela Huerta, a Franciscan historian, observed that the rolling topography of this land resembled giant waves of the sea. As with the etymological legends of many Philippine places, when the foreigners asked as to what the place was called, the locals answered with the description "madaluyong" ("undulating"), later transcribed by Spanish writers into "Mandaluyong" with the addition of an “n”.
Romantic residents, however, peddle the similarly formulaic legend of a Maharlika named Luyong who fell in love with Manda, the lovely daughter of a barangay chieftain. The chieftain had no personal liking for Luyong and forbade him Manda's hand. Luyong overcame this objection by winning a series of tribal contests which was the custom at the time. The couple settled thereafter in a place which was later called “Mandaluyong" by means of joining their names.
Even though the city has various ethnic origins, most of the people here speaks Tagalog. Some however speaks Bicol, Bisaya, Ilonggo, and Ilocano languages.
People are called TAGALOG.
Among the many attractions in the city is the western half of the Ortigas Center, one of the major centers of business and commerce in the metropolis (the eastern half is in Pasig City).
The City of Taguig is a highly urbanized city located in south-eastern portion of Metro Manila in the Philippines. From a thriving fishing community along the shores of Laguna de Bay, it is now an important residential, commercial and industrial center.
Origin of the Name
The original 800 farmer-fishermen settlers of the area were good at threshing rice after harvest. Hence they were referred to as "mga taga-giik," and their settlement as "pook ng mga taga-giik." Spanish friar Fray Alonso de Alvarado, together with conquistador Rey Lopez de Villalobos who crossed Pasig River to reach Taguig in 1571 found "taga-giik" difficult to pronounce, and could only produce the word sounding like "tagui-ig." So many mispronouncements later, "tagui-ig" was shortened to the present day "Taguig."
The City is known for their food products such as kakanin and pastries.

The city is also a highly urbanized that has lots of business establishments and landmarks around.
People of Taguig are known for being highly educated, becausethey have the largest percentage of children studying.
by Nick Joaquin
by Genevova Edroza Matute

by Jose Garcia Villa

by Rene Estrella Amper
by Jose Garcia Villa
by Bienvenido Santos
Prepared by 2BSA1
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