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Seljuk Turks

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on 10 March 2015

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Transcript of Seljuk Turks

Seljuk Turks
by
Suzan • Sarah • Riya • Brian • Burkett

Politics and Government
The way society was structured impacted the lonterm affects the Seljuk Turks had on the rest of history
Seljuk Turks = (Selçuklular)
Overall
first to invade Anatolia completely
blend of Central Asian, Islamic Middle East and Anatolian influence
ancestors of the Western Turks - modern Turks of today
Specific
tolerant govenment
ruled: Greek speaking Christians and a few Jews
architecture: religious and cultural development
`poetry in stone`
well-organized system of international trade
insurances for the losses of traders
a Turkish tribe from Central Asia, that entered the Middle East in the tenth century
Leader of the Seljuk Turks
leader is a sultan which is = king/caliphate
Government & Religion
Shia or Sunni
first Turkish tribe - converted to Sunni Islam
gained the favor of civilized population Persians & Arabs
Structure
tolerant government
sultan - most of the caliph's authority; legislate / rule
administrative
military
secular
caliph - spiritual leader w power to regulate
personal behavior
individual relationships
traditional Perso-Islamic administrative apparatus -Persian ministers (language & eliminating Arabic)
Caliphate
"succession" in Arabic
7th century: after the death of the prophet Muhammad
political-religious leadership which centers around the caliph; government / sovereign state of the faithful
succession of Muslim empires
How Leaders Came to Be
first to convert to Sunnite Islam = popularity with civilized culture
aid of Islam's caliph, who was under the thumb of a Shiite dynasty known as the Buwayids
spiritual leader granted - title & responsibility for defending faith
their leader Toghril was made king = sultan, of the East and West
restoring the political and religious unity of Islam
2 Significant Leaders
Tughril Beg
and
Chagri Beg
- two brothers who were named as Sultans
led their followers into western Iran and defeated the Buwayhids
gained control of Baghdad and the Caliphate (battle of Manzikert)
defeated byzantine army + captured emperor
Turkish influence on Asian culture
Government and religion were highly interrelated.
Shiism
eradicate the political, military and religious influence of Shiism
Shias - routed out of administrative positions and replaced by orthodox officials
efforts were made to make it the government more orthodox
Tolerance
Seljuk rule was tolerant of
race, religion
and
gender
.
Churches and synagogues flourished
finest examples of Seljuk architecture - built on the orders of empresses and princesses
huge mosques
theological seminaries
hospitals
caravanserais
extended from Persian culture
ex. using the Persian language as the official one in government
Social Class Structure
Social Class Structure
family + individual economic situation
within family: patriarchal system
mother
father
children
class depends on wealth
Role of Non-Muslims
alot of very tolerance - not oppressive or over powering with their beliefs
ex. hurches and synagogues located throughout the empire
most often held to a slightly lower reputation
both groups of people worked together for the benefit of the empire
Seljuk Turk's short and long term impacts on the rest of history
Sharia Law
Sharia = “way” or “path.”
regulates public / some private aspects of day to day life
based off of the Qur’an, the Hadith + other interpretations & debates
government can control the people / teach the people how to behave.
the Sharia law = much more strict and involved in one’s personal life; religious principles guide one’s behavior.
separation of church and state vs Sharia laws

References
http://www.themiddleages.net/people/seljuks.html
http://www.turkeyforyou.com/travel_turkey_seljuks
http://www.turkeytravelplanner.com/details/History/Seljuks.html
http://www.turkeyforyou.com/turkey_seljuks_contributions
http://www.fsmitha.com/h3/casia01a.htm#sub
http://turkmeniya.tripod.com/id8.html
http://www.flowofhistory.com/units/asia/6/FC48
"The History of Modern Turkey, Vol. 1" by Stanford Shaw
<all papers found on the Schoology folder>
Full transcript