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The Great Depression (Time Capsule)

Go back in time to learn about the Entertainment, Music, Race Relations, Daily Life, and more during the Great Depression.
by

Haley Barnhart

on 17 August 2014

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Transcript of The Great Depression (Time Capsule)

Art and Literature
The Woman of Andros by Thornton Wilder.
The Grapes of Wrath by John Steinbeck. Most famous book from the Great Depression.
The Good Earth by Pearl S. Buck.
The Fountain by Charles Morgan.
Gone With the Wind by Margaret Mitchell.
- During the Great Depression, people would create anything they could to distract people from the atrocity that was the Great Depression.
- People began creating art projects, as well as many other projects like the Hoover Dam.
- These projects also provided jobs for men and put money back in the economy.
Thomas Hart Benton,
Mine Strike
Most famous piece of art from the Great Depression.
Migrant Mother
by Dorothea Lange.
Joseph Hirsch,
Lunch Hour.
Approaching Storm
, Thomas Hart Benton

Time Capsule
Entertainment
The Great Depression
Youth of the 1930s
Swing or Jazz music came close to being America's popular music.
It was originally played by musicians such as Louis Armstrong, Duke Ellington, and other jazz icons.
Benny Goodman also started playing swing music in ballrooms.
The Federal Theater Project (FTP) was established in 1935 which ended the depression for theaters
Introducing sound systems in theaters made them wildly popular
Theaters without sound systems were demolished
For Twentieth Century Fox Shirley Temple was their only hope to survive the depression
Temple had the top box office draw for four consecutive years
Shirley Temple even had a baby doll that sold for $1.98
The doll had a movie badge and a signed autograph
The cost of a wireless set was between $35-$200 but, in the early thirties the price dropped to $10
Radios provided a much needed distraction from the hardships of the Great Depression.
They spread news faster than print
Families from miles away would come together in one town to listen to their favorite program
10 million records in the United States by 1932
By 1939 that number increased to 50 million
The recording industry had pulled itself out of the Great Depression with Swing music.
The dance that started it all was called the Lindy Hop now called jitterbugging
Newspaper

Louis Armstrong
Duke Ellington
The Living Newspaper was not documenting factual information, so the dramatists created scenes that dramatized certain issues, which was noted as "creative."
Benny Goodman
Swing Dancing
Swing Dancing
Music
Radios
Theaters/Movies
Shirley Temple
You would expect for the production of toys and games to decrease during the thirties due to the Great Depression but they didn't.
The prices dropped for two reasons: manufacturing methods and the Great Depression.
Toys
Kids are drinking heavily trying to find hope in the bottom of the bottles.
The Federal Treasury announced that they were spending about seven cents out of every dollar of their income for school. That is three and a half billion a year.
Kids have to share rooms and house with family members, which offers discomfort and discontent in their lives.
Most of their parents have blew all their money and they have to take it upon themselves to find work.
A lot of them did not have the money to finish school or had to drop out to help family, so they ended their life career to find a small job to provide for their family.
Women
During the Great Depression women found jobs as teachers, canning, gardening, etc... They brought parks and recreation programs to many towns that had never had them. Many of today’s county health departments had their first real beginnings with nurses on WPA jobs.
Women made up 25% of the work force, but their jobs were more unstable, temporary or seasonal then men, and the unemployment rate was much greater.
The Great Depression was hard on single or widowed women, but it was much harder on women of different color and race, Black women in the North suffered an astounding 42.9% unemployment, while 23.2%. of White women were without work according to the 1937 census.
The Woman's Struggle was greatly unmeasured, their hard times were overshadowed by men.
They were excluded from "New Deal" work programs set up to help the unemployed. Men were seen as "breadwinners," holding greater claim to economic resources.
Women working together to can.
A woman maintaining the household.
Kids partying and drinking during
the 1930s
Children from the 1930s
Drinking around the fire
Race Relations
No race was hit harder than the African Americans
1932: approximately half of the African American race was out of work
In the North, whites wanted all blacks to be fired from any job as long as any white were out of work
Racial violence escalated, especially in the south.
Lynchings, which had decreased in 1932 to 8, started to increase to 28 in 1933.
It was estimated that 300,000 blacks left the south during the thirties
FDR's New Deal was unfair to African Americans as well
The New Deal made the AAA displace 192,000 black sharecroppers because they did not receive any portion of the federal funds given to the white croppers
Blacks soon held successful boycotts where they were not allowed to work
Youth of the 1930s
Women
Stored in the torch of The Statue of Liberty
Do Not open until February 1, 2036

Beer the kids drank.
Notice about work issues.
Canning the women did
Campaigning there cans.
The Dust Bowl
- Farmland in many parts of the countries was unusable.
- Crops couldn't be produced due to the ruined farmlands.
Many farming families had to move around the country to find work.
July 5, 1934.
The Milk Strike was an effort to keep milk from going to market until the farmer received a measure of relief from the government. Farmer, middleman, and consumer engage in a concise and staccato dialogue which explains the unfair economic situation by which the middle man makes all the money. For example, he would buy milk for 3 cents and sell it for 15 cents and pocket the other 12 cents. William Stott points this out as a way of "representing the evidence right before the audience's eyes."
September 1-4, 1932
The farmers in Sioux City were let down by farm holiday leader, Milo Reno, which made them decide that their only course of action is to physically keep mile from getting to the market. The "campaign of persuasion" ends up turning violent.
July 28, 1935
The Meat Strike depicts housewives anger at the high prices of meat which was a result of the AAA's reductions of supply strategy (paying farmers not to produce) and processing tax. Some women injured other people at the attempt to buy meat.
Daily
Menu during the Great Depression
Corn chowder with chicken breast cubes added in as a source of protein.
Meatloaf wrapped in bacon which was called Great Depression filet mignon.
Great Depression casserole which contains beans, potatoes, and ground beef.
Tuna and Macaroni and Cheese casserole.
Mexican rice with cooked beans as a side dish.
Menu for going out to eat.
Neighborhood paperboys were introduced during the Great Depression.
The depression brought on hard times for newspapers
Newspapers went through a loss of advertising revenue
Paperboys worked fixed routes and regular hours
Women's Roles
Life
Education in the Great Depression
Parents were not able to send their kids to school with clothes, supplies, and textbooks that were necessary for school because there was a low supply of cash.
A great number of taxes went unpaid.
School boards were forced to try different strategies to keep their districts running which also meant the teachers pay got cut and terms were cut short.
The average house cost $7,145 and by 1929 it was $3,800 more.
The average cost for a car was $640 and by 1939, it was $700 more.
The Great Recession

and The Great Depression
A gallon of has was 10 cents and stayed the same throughout the Great Depression.
The average income per year was $1,970 and by 1939, it was $1,730.
Art and Literature
Thomas Hart Benton,
Approaching Storm
The Good Earth by Pearl S. Buck
The Fountain by Charles Morgan
Migrant Mother
, Dorothea Lange
Gone With the Wind by Margaret Mitchell
The Woman of Andros by Thornton Wilder
Since so many people were unemployed, the government started coming up with different jobs for men, or conservation projects like the Hoover Dam.
They developed art projects as well, to create jobs and pump money back into the economy.
Some of the most famous books were first published during the Great Depression.
These books helped distract people from how atrocious the Great Depression was.
Full transcript