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6th grade figurative language

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by

Ms. Salah

on 11 February 2015

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Transcript of 6th grade figurative language

FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE
Figurative language is often the language of poets. It is
not meant to be interpreted in a literal sense
. It goes beyond a dictionary definition of words and lets us capture the scene, the emotion, the movement, and the connecting ideas in a few words.
SIMILE
A comparison between two unlike things using
like
or
as
.
EX: "Her eyes sparkled like diamonds in the candlelight."
METAPHOR
-A comparison between two unlike things in

which "like" or "as" is NOT used
.
-(Usually you will see the words "is, are, were, was, am," etc…state of being words)
EX: Life is a Rollercoaster.
Meaning: Life has ups and downs, good times and bad times
FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE AND LITERARY DEVICES (IN CLASS NOTES)
IMAGERY
Language that appeals to the five senses. -Writers use imagery to describe how their subjects look, sound, feel, taste, and smell.
EX: The hot July sun burned my skin as little beads of sweat began to trickle down my face.
ONOMATOPOEIA
Words whose sounds imitate or suggest their meaning.
EX: buzz, rustle, boom, tweet.
ALLITERATION
-The repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words
(used with words that are close together).
-Gives emphasis to words.
EX: Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers
Alliteration used to the extreme is like a tongue-twister!
Turn to page 9 of your packet for practice...
HYPERBOLE
An obvious and deliberate exaggeration; an extravagant statement, not meant to be taken literally.
EX: “I waited an eternity.”
PERSONIFICATION
Giving human qualities to a non-human (animal, object, idea, etc)
EX: The sun laughed with me as I skipped outside.
What are some of the hyperboles in this poem?
IDIOM
An expression that has
acquired a meaning that differs from its literal meaning.

EX: “It’s raining cats and dogs” or “That cost me an arm and a leg.”
This means it's raining a lot (cats and dogs aren't actually falling from the sky!)


Writers use figurative language to ENHANCE (IMPROVE) their writing.

Figurative language includes: SIMILES, metaphors, IMAGERY, onomatopoeia, ALLITERATION, hyperboles, PERSONIFICATION, and idioms.
Why do we use figurative language?
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