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Transcript of Elizabethan Customs
but he had to respect her
women had no control over
usually the man gave his wife 1/3
of the money he made Role of Women "The wife is so much in the power of her
husband, that her goods by marrige are
straight made her husband's, and she loseth
all her administration which she had of them"
"The husband is a king in his own home"
Marrige ages: between 23-27 The average woman ha 5-7 children
1 out of 8 children died before their
1 out of 4 children died before age10
"The treatment of children in the early modern period was described as harsh and unfeeling... affection between parents and their offspring was rare." Role of Children Education Noble families often sent their children to other socially respected houses so they could learn good behaviour. This practice became less common by the end of the century because boarding schools and tutors were becoming more popular. Children of laborers were espected
to start working in the household
at age 6. When they reached their teens, they
were sent away to work as farmers
or domestic servants. "Fathers were generally more strict
than mothers, and sons were more
severely treated than daughters."
One of Elizabeth's tutors, Roger Ascham,
opposed to the harsh punishments parents
gave their children. Elizabethan
Customs Food Breakfast: 6-7am
Dinner = lunch
Supper = dinner Supper was the most important meal.
It was usually accompanied by
entertainment (for the higher classes) meat was a sign of wealth
food varied depending on people's
wealth and social class
people purchased their foods at the
small local markets and fairs, but meat
was purchased at livestock markets The use of sugar was widely expanded
during the XVI century (Elizabethan times)
"Elizabethans enjoyed a variety of serving methods,
colors, and various 'props'"
cooking methods: spit roasting, boiling, baking
smoking, salting, and frying
most cooking was done over flame Hygiene Lower class people took baths few times a year. Upper class people were able to bathe roughly twice every couple of weeks. Baths were taken in wooden tubs, close to the freplace to heat the water, but the water was very dirty. Hair was washed with a form of
There was no running water, toilet paper or indoor toilets. Hay or clumps of grass were used by the people to wipe their bums
Because of overpopulation, diseases such as smallpox were widely spread "Society women wore pale makeup to make their skin look as white as possible and avoid the appearence of being in the sun." "Due to the infrequency of bathing, perfumed candles, potpourri and perfume were used to mask offending odors." The Vermin Problem As a result of the poorly hygenic society, rats and other vermin abounded. vermin: wild animals or birds that are harmful to crops or carry disease. Laws were passed that required people
to keep their property clean, but they were highly ignored, until there was a plague. During the plague, people hired "scavengers" to keep the streets free of garbage and horse droppings. "The city of Oxford hired a person to carry all sweepings of men's horses and the dirt that cometh of the sweeping of the streets."