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The Anglo Irish Treaty 1921
Transcript of The Anglo Irish Treaty 1921
After the truce, the British government and Sinn Fein began negotiations.
The Sinn Fein governement selected a delegation to represent them at the talks in London.
The delegates were Arthur Griffith, Michael Collins, Robert Barton, Eamonn Duggan and Geoorge Gavan Duffy.
Sinn Fein had two main goals in the negotiations:
To keep Ireland within the British Empire (or Commonwealth as it was known)
The Terms of the Anglo Irish Treaty 1921
Ireland would be known as The Irish Free State.
Ireland would be still a dominion part of the British Commonwealth.
The King of England would be represented in Ireland by a Governor General.
Members of the Dail and Seanad would take an oath of allegiance to the Irish government and the King of England.
Britain would have the use of three ports (The Treaty Ports) - Berehaven, Cobh and Lough Swilly.
A Boundary Commission would be established to decide on the border between the north and south of Ireland.
To investigate the aftermath of the struggle for independence and the introduction of The Anglo Irish Treaty 1921
Can you name the historical figures?
De Valera refused to go because
He was head of state
He wanted to control extremists at home.
Lloyd George headed the British delegation. He was assisted by Winston Churchill, Austin Chamberlain and Lord Birkenhead.
To achieve a republic (complete independence)
To have no border, or partition, between the north and south of Ireland.
From October to December 1921, the two delegations negotiated in London. Finally on the 6th December they signed the Treaty between Great Britain and Ireland or...
The Anglo Irish Treaty
Would you agree to these terms?
The Treaty Debates
There was widespread debate in Ireland over the terms of the Treaty. The Dail debated the Treaty from December 1921 to January 1922. There were two main sides in the argument over the Treaty.
The debate sometimes became very emotional. It concluded on 7 January 1922 when the Treaty was accepted by 64 votes to 57. De Valera resigned as President of the Executive Council. He and his supporters left the Dail. The pro treaty side now took over the government, with Arthur Griffith replacing De Valera as president.