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King Lear Presentation

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Whitney Swart

on 22 January 2013

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Transcript of King Lear Presentation

Existentialism in Literature In literature, this theory uses the character's struggle to define meaning and identity in the face of alienation and isolation. The Beginnings of Existentialism Jean-Paul Sartre developed the term "Existential" as a self-description, and because of this, is often seen as the father of existentialism.
Essentially, Sartre set off on a journey to discover what it means to be human in an "indifferent world". Existentialism, embodied by the principal of free-will, is existence without religion.

This theory is used to examine the moral conduct of characters through knowledge, conduct, governance, and purpose. Existentialism in King Lear From an existential perspective, Edmund's moral lacking and power thirst may derive from his illegitimate status.
His self-motivated decisions are made out of a desire to prove himself worthy and develop a status besides that of the bastard son. Goneril and Regan Both sisters make decisions motivated by their desire for material things such as wealth and power. Their existence is built off of a constant desire for something more. By Whitney Swart, Melody Owen, Ashley Montgomery, and Kylie Boyd The Theory of Existentialism Existentialism Made Easy His beliefs are summarized by his idea of the human condition: "Freedom entails total responsibility. In addition, the theory is used to analyze the character's purpose for their short time on Earth. Because King Lear was written during the Elizabethan period, which was predominantly Christian, it is hard to believe that it could be an existentialist play; However, people who study Shakespeare believe that he may have been subtly opposing the Christian ideals of his time. It is also possible that Shakespeare did not mean the play to be existentialist. Even if this was so, it is still possible to study King Lear through an existential lens, because elements of the theory are present. Edmund Goneril and Regan Give you this, give you that
Blow a kiss, take it back
If I look inside your brain
I would find lots of things
Clothes, shoes, diamond rings
Stuff that's driving me insane
You could be preoccupied
Different date, every night
You just got to say the word
But you're no into them at all
You just want materials
I should know because I've heard
When girls say...
I want, I want, I want, but that's crazy
I want, I want, I want, and that's not me
I want, I want, I want, to be loved by you
You've got everything you need
But you want accessories
Got to hold it in your hand
If I change the world for you
I bet you wouldn't have a clue
Don't you know that I can't stand
When girls say...
Oh, and now the girls say
Be loved by you
I wanna, I'll stay true
What you put me through
I wanna, if you knew
But you want, you want, you want me to love you too
Oh, now the girls say
Chorus Edmund The song "Criminal" by Britney Spears portrays Edmund's deviant personality. This painting shows two men making some sort of deal over a game of cards. This pertains to Edmund, as he is frequently making deals with and tricking others. Edmund Who has he been? Gloucester's younger, illegitimate son.
Unhappy with his status as a bastard. Who is he now? His reputation as being illegitimate motivated him to come up with schemes to overthrow Gloucester's title and possessions from Edgar.
Edgar for the most part was successful in his plans Who will he become? Destructive, and brings mayhem to other characters.
His status drives him to prove himself as a a critical part of his family and a key player in various situations. Edmund's desire to make something out of himself is portrayed first in Act one, Scene two, when he speaks of his desire to obtain the land that Edgar is supposed to receive. “Legitimate Edgar, I must have your land. Our father’s love is to the bastard Edmund as to the legitimate.—Fine word, “legitimate”!— Well, my legitimate, if this letter speed and my invention thrive, Edmund the base shall top th' legitimate. I grow, I prosper. Now, gods, stand up for bastards!” (Act 1, Scene 2) Edgar Who has he been? Who is he now? Who will he become? Gloucester's older, legitimate son.
Edgar is gullible and easily tricked by his brother, Edmund. Disguises as a mad beggar to evade his father's men.
Uses this disguise to aid Lear and Gloucester.
Disguises as an armored champion to avenge his brother's treason. These disguises make Edgar a complex character, and make it difficult to understand what he is thinking.
His motivations is to keep his power, and ultimately have control and persuasion over characters and situations in general. Edgar They profess their "love" for King Lear not because they actually feel it, but because they want his land. Edgar, the legitimate son of Gloucester, chooses to exist to keep his power, and have the most influence over the events that occur in "King Lear". He accomplishes this through his various disguises, especially through Poor Tom. Edgar This painting evokes a man with a mask, with a look that conveys that he knows something more than others. Because Edgar is very comfortable using disguises, we have chosen this painting because it is similar to Edgar's motives. Edgar uses disguises to have more control over the scheme of events and to assert his dominance over Edmund, and this painting captures that emotion. As Cordelia is banished, they tell her to her face that she deserves it, yet when she leaves they admit that she should be allowed to stay. This shows that they make their decisions not based on love or what is right, but based on what helps them and their material needs. "You see how full of changes his age is. The observation we have made of it hath not been little. He always loved our sister most, and with what poor judgment he hath now cast her off appears too grossly." (Act 1, Scene 1) The song "Man of a Thousand Faces" by Regina Spektor captures Edgar's many disguises. Goneril and Regan Who have they been? Who are they now? Who will they become? Lear's eldest daughter.
Wife of the duke of Albany.
Jealous, aggressive, and deceitful Confesses her love for her father only to be rewarded with material things.
Often challenges Lear's authority.
Initiates affair with Edmund. Her motivations are material things, and selfish gains.
Uses her husband to do what she wants, and doesn't let being a woman stop her in being aggressive.
Lives to have power, and to be in control of her own circumstances. Lear's middle daughter.
Wife of the duke of Cornwall
Shares similar traits with her sister; jealous, aggressive, and deceitful Also confesses her love for her father just to be rewarded with land and praise.
Has an affair with Edmund. Shares motivations with her sister Goneril; does things for her own selfish gain.
Lives to have power, and to have control over her own life and not be stopped by being a woman. "Yet better thus, and known to be contemned,
Than still contemned and flattered. To be worst,
The lowest and most dejected thing of fortune
Stands still in esperance, lives not in fear.
The lamentable change is from the best;
The worst returns to laughter. Welcome, then,
Thou unsubstantial air that I embrace!
The wretch that thou hast blown unto the worst
Owes nothing to thy blasts."
Act 4, Scene 1
Edgar as Poor Tom
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