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The Constitution

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by

Evan Guo

on 23 September 2013

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Transcript of The Constitution

The Constitution
The 27 Amendments
By: Evan Guo
The 1st Amendment
Religious and Political Freedom
2nd Amendment
You are able to carry weapons (guns, knives, etc.) in order for you to protect yourself.
4th Amendment
Search and Seizure
6th Amendment
8th Amendment
Limits of Fines and Punishments
10th Amendment
Whatever rights not taken by the government, are reserved for the states or the people.
12th Amendment
Election of Executives
14th Amendment
-Anyone born or naturalized in the United States are considered citizens.
-Disallows the government from infringing the rights to pursue Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness
18th Amendment
20th Amendment
22nd Amendment
3rd Amendment
No citizen should house a soldier without the house owner's permission.
5th Amendment
Rights of the Accused Persons
7th Amendment
Trial by Jury in Civil Cases
15th Amendment
Citizens' right to vote shall not be denied because of race, color, etc.
16th Amendment
Income Tax
19th Amendment
21st Amendment
11th Amendment
Federal courts do not have the official power to make legal decisions and judgements in cases against a state.
Freedom of Press
Citizens may publish or get information without the government censorship or punishment.
Freedom of Religion
Citizens may teach, practice, worship any religion they would like.
Freedom of Speech
People may think and say what they would like and are able to share their opinions or even criticize the government.
26th Amendment
27th Amendment
Freedom of Assembly
Allows people to come together in gatherings for social, political, religious, and recreational reasons.
Right to Petition
Citizens have a right to ask for changes in the government by collecting signatures from other citizens.
Right to Bear Arms
Quartering Troops
American citizens' houses may not by unreasonably searched or seized (You must have a search warrant).
Any disputes that involve less than $75,000 will not be handled by the federal court, but all courts that are used must be recognized by the government.
9th Amendment
Rights of People
-Judges are not allowed to assign a large amount of money for bail.
-Citizens are not to be given cruel or unusual punishments.
-Citizens cannot be put on trial for a serious crime until there is enough evidence.
-A person cannot be put on trial twice for the same crime
-The government may not make someone testify against themselves
-The government may not take away a person's life, freedom, or property without giving the person a fair chance
-The government cannot take away someone's property without somehow repaying them
-Suspects of a criminal event have the right to have a public and speedy trial. They may not be locked away and asked questions.
-The jury members may not be biased against the accused because it would be unfair to the accused.
-The accused has the right to know what they are being charged for or held in jail for and to know who claims that he/she committed the crime
-The accused may have any witnesses and have the right to hire their own attorney. If they cannot afford one, one will be provided.
Just because the basic rights aren't listed in the constitution, it doesn't mean that they can be violated.
13th Amendment
Slavery Abolished
-Involuntary service or slavery cannot exist within the United States or land the United States might have unless it is a punishment for a crime.
-Gives Congress a responsibility against slavery, and the power to pass laws against slavery and punish those who make people work against there free will.
There must be two separate elections between the President and the Vice-President.
Civil Rights
Right to Vote
Congress may collect a portion of the money earned from the people working in the United States. Does not matter how the money is earned, as long as it is income.
17th Amendment
There are two senators from each state. They are elected by the people from that state and not chosen by the government.
Right to a Speedy, Public Trial
Power of States and People
Lawsuits Against States
Direct Election of Senators
Prohibitions
This amendment prohibits citizens from buying, drinking, or selling alcohol.
Woman Suffrage
Citizens' right to vote shall not be denied by the United States because of gender.
The terms of the President and the Vice-President must end on January 20th. The senators' and representatives term must end on January 3rd.
"Lame Duck" Sessions
Repeal of Prohibition
This amendment repeals the 18th amendment. It re-allows citizens to buy, sell, and drink alcohol.
Limit on Presidential Terms
People who have been President, or have acted as President, may only hold office for two years.
23rd Amendment
Voting in District of Columbia
Washington DC may vote for president but the electoral vote is limited to three, regardless of the population.
Abolition of Poll Taxes
Citizens' right to vote for President and Vice-President or Senator and Representative in Congress shall not be denied even if they fail to pay their taxes.
25th Amendment
24th Amendment
Presidential Disability, Succession
-In case the President is removed from office, the Vice-President shall become the new President.
-If the Vice-President seat is empty, the President may choose a new Vice-President, voted on by Congress
-The President may make the Vice-President a temporary President with a written declaration. It lasts until a second declaration is written to end it.
18-Year-Old Vote
Citizens eighteen years of age shall not be denied the right to vote on account of their age.
Congressional Pay
No law will pay a congressional member a lower or higher salary until after there has been another election.
All shapes, sizes, colors, races, etc.
Full transcript