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Anatomy Timeline

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by

Zoe K

on 19 August 2013

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Transcript of Anatomy Timeline

Cori Bruce
Zoe Kubie
Rachel
Thomson

Strives in Anatomy
500 BC
490 BC
384 BC – 322 BC
460 BC
1550 BCE
1600 BCE
Alcmaeon of Croton
- Born in Crotona, Italy

- Physician and Anatomist who worked on dissecting animals

- First to locate and describe the optic nerve and Eustachian tube

- First to propose that the brain was responsible for consciousness, intelligence, & emotions.

- First to make inquiries that there are internal causes of illnesses
Empedocles
- Born in Agrigento, Italy

- Stated that the heart distributed heat to the body and that a substance he called pneuma flowed through the blood vessels.
Hippocrates
(Father of Medicine)
- Born in Cos, Ancient Greece

- First to document nail clubbing

- Hippocrates stated that the environment can affect ones health in good or bad ways

- Observed disease and its effects on the body

- Believed that disease came from natural causes not from a higher power

- Spoke of the importance of the relationship between patient, physician, and disease in title diagnosis and treatment of illness.
Aristole
- One of the most noted philosophers and scientists of the ancient world

- Studied the internal structure of animals because he was unable to study humans internally

- Said to have dissected over 50 different species of animals

- His dissections of plants and animals led to
the creation of the classification system

- animal embryology
The Ebers Papyrus
- Written in hieratic Egyptian writing
- Consists of 700 magical formulas and remedies
- Accurate description of the circulatory system
- Contains chapters on contraception, diagnosis of pregnancy and other gynecological matters, intestinal disease and parasites, eye and skin problems, dentistry and the surgical treatment of abscesses and tumors, bone-setting and burns.

- Oldest known surgical treatise on trauma

- Written right to left in Ancient Egypt's hieratic script (cursive form of Egyptian hieroglyphs)

- Consists of 48 cases pertaining to wounds and trauma

- Established that the heart, its vessels, liver, spleen, kidneys, hypothalamus, uterus and bladder were recognizable to the ancient egyptians

Edwin Smith Papyrus.
110 BC
130 AD
1510 AD
1275 AD
- Leader of a school of medicine in Alexandria

- Performed first dissection on a human with Herophilus.

- Considered plethora (hyperemia) to be the primary cause of disease

- Made note that some of our body parts were totally useless for other organisms

- Correlated many body parts with their right functions
304 BC
335 B.C.
Hua Tuo
- Ancient Chinese Physician

- Credited with being the first surgeon in the world to use the technique of general anesthesia

- Expert acupuncturis
Claudius Galen
Mondino de Luzzi
- Credited as the “restorer of anatomy”

- Staged public dissections

- Wrote the book, Anathomia Mundini which was deemed as the first european book since the classical antiquity that was fully devoted to anatomy

- First to reintroduce the systematic teaching of anatomy into the medical curriculum after this practice had been abandoned for many centuries

- Some of his anatomical theories of the body were inaccurate
Leonardo da Vinci
- One of the most significant artist-anatomist of all time

- Dissected human bodies

- Produced his most precisely drawn dissections
of the human body

Herophilus
- Greek Anatomist

- Known as, "The Father of Anatomy"

- Alongside Erasistratus performed the first
human dissection

- Discovered new parts of the brain

- First to distinguish nerves from tendons

- Went more in depth of studying the human heart and its arteries and veins
Erasistratus
- Greek Physician

- Stressed importance of clinical observation – examining a patient very thoroughly and noting their symptoms.

- Focused on the spinal cord and how the regulation of blood flowed

- Dissected pigs and apes and studied their bone structure and muscles

- Galen believed in the use of opposites – ex: if you were running a fever you'd be treated with something cold vice versa.
1578 AD
1632 AD
Andreas Vesalius
- Known as the "father of anatomy"

- At the age of 29 Andreas published his seven-volume De humani corporis fabrica (On the Structure of the Human Body), where he used the information from disections to lead anatomy in the direction of the scientific method.
William Harvey
-Harvey published a book on the motion of the heart and blood in animals.

Antonie Van Leewenhoek
-Used microscopes in his work.

-The use of microscopes allowed scientists to examine the fluids of the body, cells and tissue.
Henry Gray
-Henry Gray is associated with the idea of gross human anatomy also known as Gray's Anatomy.
-Gross anatomy is the branch of anatomy that deals with the structure of organs and tissues that are visible to the naked eye.
1514 AD
-Harvey described accurately, for the first time, how blood is pumped by the contractions of the heart, circulates throughout the body, and then returns to the heart.

-His ideas about circulation and the heart being a pump were enormous breakthroughs that helped overcome major primitive ideas.
1858 AD
2013
Anatomy Act 1832
-The study of the body became so popular and the thirst for knowledge grew so much that there weren't enough bodies for dissection.

-Body-snatching and even anatomy murder were practiced to obtain cadavers.

- The British Parliament passed the Anatomy Act which provided the bodies by allowing the dissection of only the destitute or already dead.
Raymond Damadian
- Damadian created the world's first magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) machine in 1972.

-The new technology allowed us to understand what is going on inside the body without dissection.
Work Cited
Bambach, Carmen. "Anatomy in the Renaissance". In Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000–. http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/anat/hd_anat.htm (October 2002)
"History of Anatomy." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 08 May 2013. Web. 18 Aug. 2013.
"A SHORT HISTORY OF HUMAN ANATOMY." A SHORT HISTORY OF HUMAN ANATOMY. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Aug. 2013. http://emsu.8m.com/anatomy.htm
1832 AD
1972 AD
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