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Locomotion Sleep Presentation

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Blake Adams

on 11 March 2013

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Transcript of Locomotion Sleep Presentation

Sudden loss of muscle tone (cataplexy) Can cause head to droop
Suddenly drop to knees
Slurred speech
Weakness of body
Can last for a few seconds or a few minutes Stage 4 What happens when we sleep? Health Effects Accidents Sleep Deprivation Sleep Scientific Definition of Sleep Sleep is classified by 3 main attributes:
A period of inactivity
Unresponsiveness to low-level stimuli
Simple Reversibility Facts about Sleep A Statistical look at sleep vs age demographic How long can we go without sleep? Awake REM Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Hours of Sleep Deep and restorative stages
Blood pressure drops
Breathing becomes slower
Muscles are relaxed
Blood supply to muscles increases
Tissue growth and repair occurs
Hormones released, essential for growth and development EEG EOG EMG Electric Signals of Sleep Let's take a deeper look Other interesting statistics about sleep New parents will lose 6 months of sleep in the first 2 years of their child's life.
Sleeping after studying has been shown to increase data retention by 25%.
How long do dogs and cats sleep? Sleep Disorders 1.) Insomnia
2.) Sleep Apnea
3.) Narcolepsy Insomnia Causes Stress
Certain medications
Caffeine, nicotine, or alcohol
Medical conditions
Change in environment or schedule
Poor sleep habits
Eating too much late at night
Change in sleep patterns Sleep disorder causing an inability
to fall asleep or stay asleep as long
as desired Insomnia is the most common sleep problem for adult Americans
About 54 percent of adults have experienced at least one symptom a few nights a week. Symptoms: Trouble falling asleep
Failure to sleep through the night
Waking up earlier than usual
Daytime sleepiness
Decreased alertness or concentration
Irritability Sleep Apnea -a sleep disorder characterized by abnormal
pauses in breathing or instances of abnormally
low breathing, during sleep.

Each pause in breathing is called an apnea and
can last from 10 seconds to multiple minutes
and can occur 5 to 30 times in an hour Caused by muscles in the airway relaxing during sleep Most common treatment is "continuous positive airway pressure" (CPAP). The patient wears a plastic mask connected by a tube to the CPAP machine. Symptoms:
Sore or dry throat
Loud snoring
Waking up with a choking sensation
Morning headaches
Restless sleep
Mood changes
Recurrent awakenings Sleep apnea affects more than 18 million people in the U.S.
One in ten adults often experience pauses in breathing during sleep
In a 2005 sleep study, about 59 percent of U.S. adults claimed to snore frequently Narcolepsy -a chronic neurological disorder caused
by the brain's inability to regulate
sleep-wake cycles Symptoms: Excessive daytime sleepiness Sleep paralysis Narcolepsy affects more than 135,000 Americans
Typical patients are diagnosed in their mid-teens to age 25 Brain active
Dreams occur Half-asleep
Partially aware Regular breathing and heart rate
Body temperature falls
Disengaged from surroundings
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