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The United States During The 1800's- Asha Edwards
Transcript of The United States During The 1800's- Asha Edwards
The confederacy finally surrendered and admitted that they have lost the U.S Civil War of 1861-1865. Slavery was abolished with the 13th Amendment. Any human born in the U.S is a citizen no matter her/his race or ethnicity with the 14th amendment. Also, no male citizen would be denied the right to vote, because of skin color, race, or ethnicity with the 15th amendment.
Cornelius Vanderbilt, a business robber baron, who operated trains and rails, had a building constructed in 1871. It was called the Grand Central Depot. Today it is called the Grand Central Terminal. It was the largest building in New York at that time.
In 1877, the Great Railroad strike began. Cities such as Chicago, Pittsburgh, San Francisco, and Kansas city began to protest against the current labour laws. During that time workers had to endure horrible 12+ hour work shifts with a small wage, also overworked. Also, there was the dangerous and unsanitary working conditions. The examples of protest were strikes, marches, refusal to work, hostile mobs, harassment, shootings, and purposely working slower. In Chicago there was even a bombing for workers to get their point across.
More than 15,000 Cherokee Native Americans are brutally forced to leave their native lands and walk hundreds of miles to be relocated. Thousands died from disease, exhaustion, hypothermia, starvation, and infections. Those weren't the only Native tribes to suffer through the Trail of Tears. In the 1830's the U.S government wanted the land Natives had, therefore they stole it by either murder or relocation of Native Americans.
During the 1850's- 1860's , thousands of Chinese immigrants came to America. At first, a majority of Chinese immigrants were men, who were seeking the opportunity to make money here, and send back to their wives and children in China. Reasons for coming were the 1849 Gold Rush. Also, The Second Opium War in China in 1856-1860. Furthermore, in 1852 there was a harsh famine in Southern China.
In 1910, an Immigration Station opened. Chinese immigrants were sometimes stuck in living cells of these buildings for years, waiting to see it they qualify to be an American citizen.
Thomas Edison invents the first practical and long lasting light bulb and starts the Edison Electric Light Company (General Electric) in 1878.
The first U.S Transcontinental Railroad was completed in 1869. Building first began in the early 1850’s. These tracks created the first railroads that went along from California through the Central area of the U.S. It was soon expanded to states as far as New-York.
After gaining independence after the Mexican War of Independence, with battles including the Battle of the Alamo, Texas becomes an independent country until 1846, when it officially joins the U.S as a state.
Discrimination and violence against Chinese descent people became more common and worse. The reasons were because of their success, different culture that Americans wouldn't accept, and how they took the “superior race jobs.” Some anti-Chinese started massacres against Chinese American people. The racism and discrimination brought out against the Chinese had mainly took place in Western cities.
The Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882, passed by Congress, suspended all Chinese immigration, either skilled or unskilled, for 10 years. Every Chinese person traveling in or out of the U.S needed to carry certificate to determine their status. Such as laborer, scholar, or merchant at that time. This Act was the first major restriction to immigrants in the U.S. This act was extended again in 1992.
The importation of slaves from Africa becomes banned and illegal by the Congress in 1808. That law wasn't fully enforced, therefore slave trade continued until the 1860's.
Slave revolts rarely happened out of fear during the early 1800's. In 1800, Gabriel Prosser bought his freedom and planned a slave revolt. Unfortunately, his plans were discovered and him with his supporters were hanged.
Ireland endured one of it's worst famines in history. The Great Famine or Irish Potato Famine lasted from 1845-1852.
More than 1 million citizens died and more than a million immigrated.
J. D. Rockefeller creates a reliable, quality, and practical oil called Standard Oil. His company owned 90% of U.S oil within 10 years.
He creates the country's first monopoly. By the end of his life, he has a net worth of $340 billion dollars.
From 1815-1915, more than 30 million people immigrated to the U.S from Europe. These Europeans came for an opportunity of a new life, to escape famine, religious freedom, high taxes, and over controlling government. Millions of immigrates went through an inspection on Ellis Island, an Immigration station.
In Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, an inventor named John Fitch created the first successful steamboat with engine. He operated it to cities along the Delaware River.
A British man named Thomas Dundas designed the world's first practical steamboat in 1800. William Symington built it.
In 1818, Simeon North invented the world' first milling machine. A milling machine had the ability to shape metals and other solid materials.
By: Asha Edwards