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AC 15 Baroque Art

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by

Ale Ibarra

on 14 October 2013

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Transcript of AC 15 Baroque Art

Baroque Art
1600-1750
The Anatomy Lesson (of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp)
Rembrandt, 1632
Oil on canvas
Rise of Science: Experimentation – tangible proof.
Expanding Colonialism: creating a worldwide marketplace
Counter Reformation: response to Martin Luther. Council of Trent, Jesuit Order.
Architecture, Sculpture and Painting different in each country or region
Irregular shaped pearl
Elaborate and extensive ornamentation
Catholic Church wanted to demonstrate the rest of the world that it had the blessing of God
Theatricality and drama
in order to change the thought and feelings of people in the XVIth and XVIIth centuries
Child prodigy
Worked for 8 popes and several monarchs
Sculptor, architect, painter, stage designer, playwright
Profoundly devout Catholic
Search for truth in expression
Full of emotional and psychological energy
The Rape of Proserpina, 1621
Baldacchino, 1624-33
Gilt Bronze,
Saint Peter’s Basilica
Dramatic theatricality
Grandiose scale
Elaborate ornateness
Spectacular effect
Dynamic and complex aesthetic
http://g.co/maps/3dzwr
Saint Peter’s Basilica and Piazza
Vatican, Rome
Carlo Maderno, façade 1607-26
Bernini, piazza design c. 1656-57
 Started as a stonecutter
 Worked under Bernini
 Adventurous, revolutionary
 Dramatic effects in architecture
 Architectural genius of the Baroque era
Church of San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane
1638-41
Coffered Ceiling
Small monastery
Tight budget – more stucco than marble
No sides are equal
Good architecture – organic
Play of volume and void, light and shade
The Glorification of the Papacy of Urban VIII,
Pietro Da Cortona, 1632-39, Fresco
The Triumph of the Name of Jesus And the Fall of the Damned
Giovanni Battista Gaulli, Vault of Church of Il Gesú 1672-1685
 Transgressive and radical
 Naturalism
 Preferred to work in oils directly from the subject
 Adopted the everyday world of the lower classes as a conventional setting
 Strong emotions
 Beauty and decadence
CARAVAGGIO
(Michelangelo Merisi)
1571-1610
King Louis XIV, Sun King
Minister Colbert
Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture (1648)
Royal Academy of Architecture
Strict control over the arts
Louis Le Vau
Charles Le Brun: architect and decorator
Andre Le Notre: Gardens
Most original feature of the chateau
Use of geometry and mathematics
Model for other European residences
Gardens at Versailles
Andre Le Notre
Jules Hardouin Mansart & Charles Le Brun
Hall of Mirrors, Palace of Versailles, begun 1678
Velazquez
Las Meninas
(Maids of honor)
1656
Life of the court
Realistic images
Francisco de Zurbaran
Saint Serapion, 1628
Praying and suffering saints
Worked for many monastic orders
Contrast of colors
Elimination of background
Bartolome Esteban Murillo
Immaculate Conception, c. 1645-50
Following the Council of Trent rules for art
Many copies in America
El Escorial
San Xavier del Bac
Pedro de Ribera
Hospicio de San Fernando
Elaborate frontispieces, applied to a flat façade
Architecture - in the rich silver towns
Central Mexico and California Missions (then part of Mexico, too)
Cathedral of Zacatecas, Mexico
Churrigueresque: family known for the design of altars
Cathedral, Mexico City
The Milkmaid, Jan Vermeer,
~1660, Oil on canvas
The Girl With The Pearl Earring, Jan Vermeer,
~1665, Oil on canvas
The Loveletter,
1670, Oil on canvas
The Nightwatch
1642, Oil on canvas
The Return of the Prodigal Son
1663-5, Oil on canvas
Self Portrait with Two Circles,
1660, Oil on canvas
Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn
Johannes Vermeer
Dutch Golden Age
http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL14C78D5F796E7D74
Spain
Italy
Gianlorenzo Bernini (1598-1680)
Francesco Borromini
1599-1667
Trompe l'oeil
Judith Beheading Holofernes.
Artemisia Gentileschi.
1613.
Sant'Ignazio Church, Rome
Andrea Pozzo
+
The Church knew that ART was the way to communicate this message to people.
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“Religious Baroque”
France
Palace of Versailles
France, 1668-85
Flanders
Holland
Counter-Reformation
Peter Paul Rubens
1577 - 1640
Samson and Delilah, c.1609-c.1610
Elevation of the Cross, 1610
Rape of the Daughters of Leucippus, c.1618
Adoration of the Shepherds, c.1608
America
Capilla del Rosario en Puebla.
Retablo, Church of Santa Prisca Puebla, Mexico
Full transcript