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Latest Geography Performance Task
Transcript of Latest Geography Performance Task
Chew Kum Wai (5)
Clare Yeo (6)
Duan Jiawen (7)
Deborah Foo (8) Where is the Singapore River? Southern Singapore 11km from Kim Seng Bridge, flowing into the sea at West Coast Park Methods used to change land use/ Increase land supply Land reclamation Landfill method - Area where Boat Quay is used to be a swamp - Reclaimed in 1823 by filling the swamp with sand and soil moved from a nearby hillock Maximising existing land use High density buildings Mixed land use Commercial buildings E.g. Maybank, Bank of China, Standard Chartered Bank Housing estates
E.g. Riverwalk Apartments (Opposite Boat Quay) and RiverGate (Condo - Three 43-storeys towers at Robertson Quay) Commercial buildings (banks), industries, recreation (dragon boating), tourism (merlion, duck tours etc), transport (bridges), housing At the same area Convenient Conservation Clarke Quay and Boat Quay given conservation status on 7 July 1989 PAST! - Ricemills, sawmills, boatyards, street hawkers, fishermen, home and trade industries by 1890s - During the 1930s, area around the river was heavily industrialised due to rapid urbanization and expanding trade - Polluted, foul-smelling river --> No proper sewage ammenities - Bustling market atmosphere - Congested villages CLARKE QUAY Sources of pollution Squatters Cottage industries Duck & pig farms Hawkers Bumboats and boatyards Unsewered premises Governor between 1873 and 1875 Colonial government stores and private properties located there Fresh water distribution point for ships and growing settlement downstream Wells nearby 3 QUAYS Quay: A concrete, stone, or metal platform lying alongside or projecting into water for loading and unloading ships - Big ships anchor at sea and load goods onto bumboats. - Bumboats jostle for berthing space along the quays to unload goods. BOAT QUAY South of Singapore River Reclaimed from the river in 1823 Area was swampy Landfill method by filling swampy river with sand and soil moved from a hillock First area developed to provide commercial facilities for the thriving entrepot. Hub of maritime commerce and trade Busiest part of SG Resembles the belly of a carp which according to Chinese belief, is where wealth and prosperity lay, thus many shophouses and industries were built there. 19th century shouphouses were two-storey buildings with simple facades Business on ground floors residential quarters on upper floor for merchants/ coolies (labourers) ROBERTSON QUAY Chinese merchants locate their warehouses and factories there Merchants also built offices there, and jetties to facilitate the loading and unloading of goods Old kampong houses lined the banks with children jumping into the Singapore River for a swim Transport Sampan to cross the river 5 bridges Anderson bridge Cavenagh Bridge Elgin Bridge Read Bridge Ord Bridge PRESENT! River empties into the Marina Reservoir after a dam was built across the mouth of the Marina Channel Dam --> Marina Barrage Prevent floods and create a new reservoir to augment our water supply. Prevents docking of ships at the Singapore River which was the original reason Singapore came into existence. Port of Singapore now located at west of Singapore (Jurong, Pasir Panjang etc) Passenger cruise ships berth at Singapore Cruise Centre at Harbour Front Singapore's economic role shifted away from trade to a role accomodated for tourism and aesthetics CLARKE QUAY BOAT QUAY ROBERTSON QUAY Five blocks of restored warehouses and shophouses Vibrantly orchestrated concept reflects a reminder of its rich heritage Restaurants, nightclubs, small shops, boutiques, cafes Bustling nightlife Pubs, restaurants and night bazaars Trade for raw materials such as rubber, tin, steel, rice, coffee etc. Restored shophouses and godowns Al-fresco dining, restaurants and pubs Cosmopolitan banking and financial sectors behind it More laid-back compared to Boat Quay and Clarke Quay eclectic mix of international restaurants with al-fresco dining, wine bars art houses, hotels and high class condominiums Transport - Public transport: MRT and buses nearby
--> Accessible - 11 bridges to cross the river Alkaff, Anderson, Benjamin Sheares, Cavenagh, Clemenceau, Coleman, Elgin, Esplanade, Ord, Jiak Kim, Read bridge Recreation and Tourism sites - Merlion Park - Singapore River Promenade - Wayang performances on bumboats and variety shows staged on pontons anchored in the river - Dragon boats, speed boats, duck tours etc. Development The Cleanup: 1977-1987 The Vision on 27 February 1977 "It should be a way of life to keep the water clean, to keep every stream, every culvert, every rivulet, free from unnecessary pollution. In ten years let us have fishing in the Singapore River and fishing in the Kallang River. It can be done.” - Lee Kuan Yew 750 lighters relocated to Pasir Panjang Wharves in 1983 where there are modern facilities to facilitate loading and unloading of goods and cargo. People & squatters (26000 families) relocated into flats Relocation Industries and farms moved away from the river Street hawkers moved into food centres where refuse was collected daily for incineration hawkers were issued licenses and provided specific areas with proper sewerage amenities Cleanup Tons of debris and refuse removed to restore water quality River dredged to make it suitable for marine life to thrive URA undertook planning of the $200million cleanup Price of land increased, adding to economic and social development Price mechanism: - Way prices for goods and services are set based on demand and supply - Cleaner river and more land and near Central Business District - rising demand for land - Land more expensive Quays restored and given conservation status in 7 July 1989 - "Jellyfish" lights would float in the river. Future Banks and walls of the river would be illuminated, adding to ambience with brightly-lit up river-taxis - Underpass along the stretch of 3 km would be lit up with various designs and murals. Previously for industries and trade, it is now used for different purposes such as industries, commercial uses, dining and a new downtown for recreation BENEFITS OF CHANGES IN LAND USE Commercial and industrial uses Provide job opportunities Create more revenue for the country Economic growth Recreational activities For locals (and tourists) to enjoy, relax or exercise Tourism Allow tourists (and even locals) to enjoy and spend money Benefit economy (significant boost) Gives city a new lease of life Revitalise older part of Singapore High density buildings Condominiums/ Flats Can house more people in an area since Singapore has a land shortage problem. Scarce land is freed up for other uses such as conservation, military installations, water catchment areas Commercial buildings More people can work in an area to earn more revenue for the country Mixed land use Different and wide range of amenities and services in an area Ensures urban landuse is maximised. Convenience of having homes, jobs facilities and services in the same area. Therefore, users needs are met Reduces travelling time and travelling cost (Fuel charges)
Quality of life increases Problems (In the past) - Polluted river due to nearby farms, heavy marine traffic and burgeoning urbanization - Shortage of clean water for people to carry out their daily activities and causing a shortage of clean, drinking water (During the development) - URA had to plan very carefully to avoid clustered settlements and traffic disorder - Long time (10 years) taken to clean up the river and expensive project to make it possible for exciting waterfront activities along the river (Now) - People littering into the river - Government should raise environmental awareness to discourage people from littering and impose fines and stricter punishments for those who litter - Expensive to stay there Near CBD Affect price mechanism of market Only the rich can stay there High Density Buildings People live close to each other Higher noise level due to crowded environment Stress Lower productivity
Physical exhaustion Mixed land use Less private spaces and outdoor playing areas (Future) Shortage in land may cause government to develop green spaces OR Reclaim more land from the Singapore River OR Shophouses torn down to build high density buildings SOLUTION: Shophouses are conserved Singapore does not lose its cultural and historical heritage - Tongkangs are now used to carry passengers and tourists around Place more rubbish bins and recycling bins Social
-Quality of life decreases Environmental
-Traffic congestion Rate at which green spaces
are developed is reduced - Land was maximised through the construction of high density buildings and by maximising the land to ease the shortage of land in Singapore for housing, commercial and other uses such as dining and recreational activities. This allows people to live, work and play at the same area which bring convenience --> urban landuse is maximised Do you think the best decision is made by changing the land use?
Yes. - Income that could have been generated if Singapore maintained its position as a trading centre with its port at Singapore River as it was a centre of Malayan rubber trade
- Income that could have been generated if whole area was developed entirely for commercial purposes
- Money that could have been saved if the Singapore River was not redeveloped and cleaned up. Opportunity cost of changing the land use Site Vegetation: According to Farquarh's account, there was dense bush growing right up to the banks of the river and muddy low-lying swamps and mangroves
Climate; Equatorial climate; Rain throughout the year.
Availability of water: From the 11km long river itself and drinking water from the Marina Reservoir. Situation temples and shrines on its banks along with some modern day famous bridges like the Elgin Bridge and various shophouses and pubs. Bibilography
http://www.ne.edu.sg/ne_messages.htm Dragon boating, Merlion, Duck Tours, Raffles Landing Site, Asian Civilization Museum - Besides just industries and commercial uses, people can also enjoy recreational activities or tourist activities such as the duck tours, dragon boating and even just relaxing as they walk along the promenade. They can also dine there. - By damming up the Marina Bay near Singapore River, Singapore has benefitted as there is a new source of water to solve the water shortage problem after Malaysia stops supplying Singapore with drinking water.
- With more commercial buildings, Singapore will continue to generate revenue for economic growth as more job and business opportunities can be created. Moreover, this may benefit our tourism industry as tourists would be attracted by the many entertainment found at Singapore River. Some of which includes : Bars, duck tours, scenic river cruise. This allows tourists and locals to relax. - Shophouses are conserved to preserve heritage
High-density buildings/apartments gives the city a new lease of live, it revitalises the entire place
-refurbishing of old dilapidated buildings
Example: Refurbished on November 2004, Copthorne Kings Hotel Singapore is recognised as a Boutique-style Business Hotel along the bustling Robertson Quay. It is located by the Singapore River It is sustainable as changing the landuse will benefit people presently and for generations to come as they will all benefit from the facilities and can enjoy the recreational activities. NE messages
1. Singapore is our homeland; this is where we belong.
We treasure our heritage and take pride in shaping our own life
-We will play our play in moulding Singapore into one with a bright future. We will ensure that Singaporeans benefit from the nation's progress such as maximising landuse. THANK YOU! 2. No one owes Singapore a living.
We find our own way to survive and prosper, turning challenge into opportunity.
-We have made use of various methods (high-density building, mixed landuse) to ease the land scarcity problem as more people can be housed in one area and uses of land are combined. We will find sustainable solutions to ease the problems we face and not rely on others. 3. We have confidence in our future.
United, determined and well-prepared, we have what it takes to build a bright future for ourselves, and to progress together as one nation.
-We must have perseverance and have adequate preparation to solve the challenges we face. We should continue to strive for greater heights and make continuous advancements. This is further demonstrated when much effort was taken to clean up the once filthy river and transform it into a self-sufficient place. Clarke Quay Festival Village: The biggest conservation project of the Singapore River was developed and opened on 10 December 1993. - Bronze sculptures Elgin bridge Coleman bridge Water taxi terminal Trade growth Free port status Strategic location River had calm waters