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Hip Hop

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Rebekah Morgan

on 8 October 2014

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Transcript of Hip Hop

Hip Hop
Hip Hop
What is Hip Hop?
What is Hip Hop?
more properly Hip Hop denotes the practice of the entire subculture
Where and when did Hip Hop begin?
This is when drum machines and sampling technology began to develop.
DJs At block parties played percussive remixes of songs and used turntables to extend breaks and add effects.
It's a way of lyfe...
a music genre consisting of a stylized rhythmic music that commonly accompanies rapping, a rhythmic and rhyming speech that is chanted.
A name for the 4 elements of the late 70's New York City renaissance which includes break dancing, emceeing, (rapping) graffiti, and turntablism.

Mid 1970s

Block Parties in New York City
Mostly African American youth in the Bronx.
Early Hip Hop
The Sugarhill Gang "Rappers Dlight"
Hip-Hop in the 1990s-2000s
Hip-hop in the late '80s was being ridiculed for being "immoral"
Hip-hop artists ignored the "haters" and continued to make music in the 1990s.
MC Hammer-"U can't touch this"
Released 1990
Jay-Z- "Big Pimpin'"
Released 1999
Macklemore- "Thrift Shop"
Released 2013
Origins in Jamaican Dub music… Not African!

Consists predominantly of instrumental remixes of existing recordings
Emphasized drum and bass parts. Other techniques include echo, reverb, panoramic delay, and dubbed in vocal parts.
Modern Hip Hop
Modern artists: Ice Cube and Drake
Rap is something you do Hip Hop is something you live- KRS One
Rap vs. Hip Hop
Define Hip Hop:
What are the Four elements?
From what culture did it originate?
Where/When did it begin in the U.S.?
What types of technology/equipment is used?
Let's Recap
Origins in the U. S.?
Origins of Hip Hop
What was happening in New York in the 70s?
Post-Civil Rights Era - Integration led to depletion of the economy in New York as support of local businesses declined.
Urban planning uprooted the South Bronx communities, leaving gangs to rule the communities.
Unemployment ► intermittent rent payments to landlords ► burned down apartment buildings
Origins of Hip Hop
What does this have to do with Hip Hop?
Neclect ► numerous creative outlets expressing frustration, joy, energy, anger, and solidarity through the 4 elements that came together to form the Hip Hop culture.
1. DJ-ing
2. MC-ing (or emceeing)
3. B-boying or B-girling (Breakdancing)
4. Writing (graffiti or aerosol art)
The art of manipulating record turntables to provide continuous breakbeats for dancers
Live DJs in disco clubs had already familiarized US club goers with seamless streams of music.
Jamaican dancehall DJs (selectors) used two turntables and a vocalist (known as the DJ) who spoke in rhymes over the selector’s beat.
Imported to the United States by Caribbean immigrants
DJ Kool herc
~ one of hip hop’s first significant DJs.
Before We Dance
MC-ing (Emceeing)
Quietly come to the front of the room.

When the music stops, you stop.

Let's Stretch!
Speaking in rhymes over a DJ’s beat
Numerous spoken word, poetic, and oral traditions fed into this element

Dancehall selectors provided an immediate influence, as did spoken word political poets such as the
Last Poets
Gil Scott-Heron
with DJ FlavaBox
New York had been attempting to counter graffiti artists since the 1960s
Taki 183
- An early graffiti icon, and the most notorious, known throughout the boroughs of New York City by the time he was profiled by the New York Times in 1971.
By the time hip hop was “born,” New York City mayor John V. Lindsay had already declared a war on graffiti.
Afrika Bambaataa
A former gang member
Known by many as the "godfather" of Hip Hop
Commonly credited with the forethought of Hip Hop’s power for good.
He envisioned the creation of a safe artistic “space” (as much mental as visceral) as a potential path towards a peaceful existence.
A performing group founded by Afrika Bambaataa in 1974.
Grounded in pan-African ideology and Black Nationalist leanings, but boasting a membership of diverse racial backgrounds.
They quickly added b-boys and b-girls, graffiti writers, MCs, and additional DJs to their ranks.
Performances were intended to be peaceful gatherings, alternative activities to gang warfare, but these events were not yet known as hip hop.
Zulu Nation
Rapper's Delight by The Sugarhill Gang
"Hip-Hop" became a household word by 1979 as a result of the success of this song.
“hip-hop” appears in the first line of the song’s lyrics and is repeated several times throughout the lengthy song.
Further, use of the word “rapper” in the song’s title helped to solidify the practice of naming what an MC does as “rapping.”
Problems with "Rapper's Delight"
The success of "Rapper's Delight" began a separation of one element - MC-ing - from the other original elements.
It was put together in a manner inauthentic to hip hop practices. Hip hop musical events (parties, park jams, club events) were DJ-driven and DJ-centric, focusing on getting the crowd to move), but "Rapper's Delight was created with a house band instead of a DJ.
Sugarhill Gang was comprised of three MCs who had no street credibility, brought together for a studio project.
B-boying/B-girling (Breakdancing)
This style of dance was an essential part of the Hip Hop culture and was often at the center of creative gatherings.
To Be Continued... (get excited!)

Cultural Origins?
1990s Hip Hop Artist
2000s Hip Hop Artist
Name the four elements of Hip-Hop
- The Bronx, New York
- Jamaican Dub Music
- DJing, Emceeing, Graffiti, Breakdancing
Full transcript