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MLA Style Citation
Transcript of MLA Style Citation
MLA Style Citation
Sacramento City College Writing Center Workshop
What is MLA?
Why is MLA Used in College Writing?
How is MLA Different from Other Citation Styles?
This association has come up with a consistent way for research to be presented in the liberal arts and humanities.
MLA stands for "Modern Language Association." This association is made up of nearly 30,000 members in over 100 countries, including teachers, professional writers, graduate students, and other scholars.
Because college students are members of this academic community of intellectuals, they are often asked by their teachers to use this citation style when they write their papers.
If a teacher has asked you to use MLA style citation for an essay, s/he expects you to...
show which research sources you used in the body of your essay
give a list of these sources at the end of your paper in a Works Cited page.
format your paper according to particular guidelines
Part of the way MLA differs from APA (American Psychological Association) is that MLA focuses primarily on WHO produced a source while APA is also concerned with WHEN a source was written.
WHY IS THIS?
In other fields, like Psychology and the social sciences, it's important to know WHEN a study was published since our understanding of how the mind works has changed greatly in the last 100 years.
On the other hand, in the fields that use MLA, like English and other Liberal Arts, a reading of Shakespeare from 1905 is just as relevant as one from 2005.
Here's how these two citation styles look different in the text of the essay and in the Reference List / Works Cited page.
How Do I Put My Essay in MLA Format?
When writing an essay, it's important to
get all of your ideas organized and written down
you start worrying about MLA.
Once you're ready to make sure all your MLA formatting and citations are correct, you can focus on a few important areas:
#1. Paper Guidelines
Double space the text of the essay
Use a legible 12 pt. font
Set 1 inch margins on all sides of the paper
Make a header in the upper right corner with your last name followed by a space and a page number (1, 2, 3, etc.)
In the upper left corner of the 1st page, list your name, the instructor's name, the course, and the date (double spaced)
Center the title for the paper in Title Case
#2. In-Text Citation
Introduce outside sources in the body of your essay with a
, and end a quote with a
. Here's an example:
According to Paulo Freire, "Education is suffering from narration sickness" (71).
titles of large works (books, magazines, journals) and use "quotation marks" for shorter works (articles, essays, poems). Here's an example:
article, "Failing Up," Leah McGrath Goodman argues that...
#3. Works Cited Page
Begin your Works Cited page on a separate sheet at the end of your paper.
Center the words Works Cited at the top of the page (do not use
List your outside sources in alphabetical order by last name of authors.
Use a hanging indent when listing sources.
Refer to our MLA handout, a reference text, the MLA handbook, or one of our recommended websites for how to list each source.
Some Other Helpful Resources for MLA Citation
Visit the Writing Center!