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Transcript of TOK
Andrea Trejo A01018234
Alejandra Rodarte A0189497 TOK & REAL LIFE SITUATION Three friends watch a guy passing
by, two of these girls think the
boy is good-looking; the other one
of them thinks he's ugly. Real Life Situation To what extent does a knower's emotion
and perception affect the
definition of beauty?
Can there be a universal agreement? Knowledge Issue Were they all seeing the same guy?
If so, how come one of them didn't find him attractive, but the majority, in this case, the other two girls did?
Even if they were seeing the same guy, Did they pay attention to the same characteristics?
Do they have the same standards of beauty? In order to analyze the situation,
we should ask... Active, Selective and Interpretative
"We tend to see not things as they really are but as our minds think they should be"
For instance, the two girls might think that the guy is exactly how an attractive guy should be, but the other one might think another way.
How can we ever know for sure that what we see, is the same that the others see? SENSE PERCEPTION In the case of the girls, Two of them might have been looking at the same guy, but not the other one. ( not really likely yet it's a possibility) To this girl, the same guy might look a different way.
We might focus our attention on different characteristics within a same thing, which might alter our perception of it.
For example, perhaps as the two girls that found the boy attractive notices his beautiful brown eyes, the other girl was looking at the weird looking mole he had on his neck. Emotion is what steers our pursuit of knowledge.
Influences our thoughts and behavior.
Would it be possible that during the time they saw the guy pass by, the girl that didn't find him attractive was mad?
Did she just have a different emotional reaction?
Did she just have another definition of what beauty is? EMOTIONS The definition of beauty is quite controversial for there are a lot of definitions regarding this concept.
Beauty is a characteristic that something has and that gives us an experience “of pleasure or satisfaction”
Beauty involves inner and outer characteristics.
Personal Opinion vs. Standards by which beauty is measured.
To what extent is the following statement of Confucius true? " Everything has beauty, but not everyone sees it." WHAT IS BEAUTY? Beauty is in the eye of the beholder.
Depending on who you are, your values and beliefs you have your own definition of beauty.
Since we've all experienced different things in our lives and have different knowledge, cultural backgrounds and religious affiliations (morality sources) what we perceive is necessarily different from one another because all of the information we acquire throughout our lives has to go through all those filters first. PERSONAL OPINION Society and our background context affect our perception and criteria we use in order to define what is beauty.
Example: Models and actresses are the "beauty idols" our society has. If we analyze them we can clearly see a series of characteristics that they have in common. Such as being fit , symmetrical and healthy.
"Normal" people tend to compare themselves to these beauty idols in order to look like them. This would mean as well that a great part of the society you belong to will consider you are beautiful.
However this ideal of beauty is sometimes unachievable. What role does media play in our perception of what beauty is? STANDARDS IN WHICH BEAUTY IS MEASURED History is defined as the area that studies the present traces of the past.
You can't experiment with something that already happened and that you can't alter.
We would like you to notice how the concept of beauty has been defined in different generations throughout the times. HISTORY Historians have had evidence based on images and writings of what beauty meant and what the features of beauty were depending the time they were investigating.
The beauty standards of a social group have changed throughout the time, due to the fact of what the society has gone through. This is the context the society has, that might sometimes be different from the one you have as an individual. Is there really a way of
defining an "standard of
Today many women's pursuit of
the perfect body is to be a size
double zero. If you are that thin,
the opinion people will have
of your body is that you are
really sexy. So one "beauty standard"
of today's perception of beauty
is fitting into a double
zero size jeans. First civilizations of the
world. They were a politeist
culture, and based all
their beliefs in their gods. Greeks Beauty Standards:
Healthy and fit body
Prominent nose The assumptions Greeks made from
their gods was what they tried to
emulate, that is the reason why the
sculptures have plenty of greatness To what extent our eras limitation of knowledge, affects our perception of beauty?
The time, in which the Greeks lived in, was full of limitations for expanding their knowledge and their culture. The means they had were much more less than the ones we have today, that is the reason why their perception of beauty was based on the imitation of their gods. They were not able to explore other societies nor philosophies, so they only knew their culture.
Cultural movement that started in the 1400's in Florence, Italy. It was the development of highly realistic linear perspective.
Idolization of the art and literature from the ancient civilizations of Rome and Greece,
the perception of what was considered beautiful changed.
More voluptuous than perhaps any other time in history.
Voluptuous= food= money= a better social class
Renaissance Nowadays, unless I literally
starve myself to death, I can’t
get remotely skinny enough to
be ‘attractive’. At five foot eight,
barely tipping the scales at 110 pounds,
and a US size 7, I am considered
overweight. 2012 slim
tall "BEAUTY STANDARDS" Two tourists go to the Neue Galerie in New York, after one hour of seeing many works of art they found one that really calls their attention. They found Gustav Kilmt work of art " Portrait of Adele". One of the tourists thinks it really is an interesting work of art while the other one disagrees and thinks that it shouldn't be in the museum.
Would the emotion and perception of each tourist shape the concept of beauty? Why is it consider one of the most controversial works of art? To what extent can the knower or
knowers achieve the
knowledge for becoming beautiful?
Is there any actual knowledge of beauty? Purpose: express emotions, show how the world should be, imitate nature..
Like the concept of beauty, in arts we have the debate of what is considered art. Are there certain standards or criterias such as the techniques used? Or does it depends on the intentions of the artist and the interpretation of the knowers? ARTS Beauty is defined by personal opinion, even if it's greatly influenced by context (like big, muscular people in the renaissance) We are showing you these Botero's Paintings in which the main idea he is trying to portray is the fact that as Botero says :
“Volume was an element neglected in the 20th century. The paintings became flat,”
“Whatever I paint — man, woman, still life, landscape — there is always this presence of volume.”
The corpulent characters and their sizes is what adds vitality to his work BOTERO Modeling has existed since ancient times, we can see it with the romans who created many sculptures and with the portraits through all history.
The whole concept of modeling is considered an art for most people, it's a way of expressing emotions throigh pictures or runways. It's taken very seriously in many parts of the world
It's well known that a model need to have a well defined bone structure and should be photogenic. The photographers search for the right angle and the right light to create a picture that will transmit emotions to the one who sees it
In modeling it's not all about beauty, this is because a photographer search for a person that portraits ordinary people who will be able to relate . MODELING The standards of beauty have change through time because cultures have changed
Someone who's considered handsome on Asia may not be considered as equally handsome on America.
Culture shape the way we see things and give us a different perspective according to our way of living.
This also causes to admire things that are not usually seen on our culture. For example in Mexico blond-tall-colored eyes guys are not seen very frequently, that causes mexican girls to be amazed and attracted when they see a guy like that. CULTURE Can our eyes be trained to distinguish certain features of Beauty ?
For example Western people frequently say that the Asian people look all alike and that they wouldn't be able to differentiate one from another if they don't pay a lot of attention.
Since western people are not used to seek the characteristics that make unique an asiatic, their perception is shaped in a way that they think that all asians share the same features. Islamic society - The beauty is based on the eyes
Burma and Thailand - women believe that their attractiveness is related to their perceived length of their neck
Japan- the beauty is based on the skin, they seek the perfect skin condition (smooth and without marks)
China- The perfect "3 inch foot" ( foot binding)
New Zealand - They consider beautiful to have permanent body and face tattoos which reflects social status. Different ways of appreciating beauty A soon to be bride goes to a bridal store looking for the dress of her dreams, her family goes with her for giving opinions about the dress. Searching for the dress the bride finds one that she falls in love with, excited she goes out expecting to see the same reaction from his family. When her family sees the dress they tell her that it doesn't fit her very well, that she should keep looking until she find something that they all agree with.
Would they be able to reach a universal agreement? Does the bride's emotions affect they way she sees the dress? OTHER REAL LIFE SITUATION One mexican takes his american friend to visit the pyramid of Tenochtitlan, on their way the mexican explained how beautiful and amazing is the feeling and the view when you are standing in front of it. When they get there the american doesn't seems surprised at all, he says it's exactly like he had seen it in his History book. Confused the mexican asks himself why his reaction wasn't as he was expecting it to be.
Can certain feelings like nationalism and the pride for something affect the concept of beauty ? We can conclude that the concept of beauty depends on the emotions of the beholder, depending of his feelings for something or someone is how reality is going to be shaped.
The perception of each individual is unique, everyone has different points of view because of their experiences or knowledge, this affect how they see the whole picture of something.
Humans won't be able to reach to a universal agreement because of the cultural diversities and standards society has acquire over time. CONCLUSION