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Afghan Migration After the Soviet Invasion

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Adelis Cruz

on 7 November 2012

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Transcript of Afghan Migration After the Soviet Invasion

Adelis, Ben, David and Mindy Afghan Migration after the Soviet Invasion The migration started on December 25, 1979. It then continued in four waves of migration. The first occurred in 1979 during the Soviet Invasion. The second wave occurred in 1989 when the Soviet military withdrew from Afghanistan. With the takeover of the Taliban in 1994 came the third wave of migration. In 2002 the Taliban fell creating the fourth wave. When did the migration occur? Where did it start and where did it end? The soviet army started to invade Afghanistan which caused them to migrate. And because of the invasion lots of wars started to occur. Most of the reasons were because of a Civil War. After the Civil War, a takeover of the Taliban happened in 1994 which made more people move. What were the reasons for the migration? Push factors included the persecution from the Taliban towards women, the educated, those of religious minorities, and political moderates. Push factors also included restriction of rights, conflict in the country, and conscription (forced military service). Pull factors included free rights, democratic governments, and better, safer living conditions. What were the push and or pull factors? On the migration humans had to face the challenges of cultural change. With the need to move and migrate the refugees moved to areas such as the United States, Canada, Australia, other western countries, Pakistan, Iran and India. There was an obvious change in religion since Islam is not practiced in all countries. What challenges did humans face on the migration? The Afghan migration started at Afghanistan's Kabul Airport. Since the Soviet Union started invading them they migrated in four waves. Once the invasion ended Afghans had migrated to South and Central Asia, Europe, and the United States. Comparison The Dust Bowl had environmental push factors but those migrating still faced the challenge of cultural change and discrimination. Like those from Afghanistan culture changes with the area you migrate to. They are given the challenge of adjusting to the culture around them.
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