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How does playing a musical instrument affect a child's learning?
Transcript of How does playing a musical instrument affect a child's learning?
Learned to sit through lessons Learning to read notes
Timing, rhythm, etc. How? Less distracted and discouraged if things don't go right straight away Practice every day (i.e. doing homework) Teaches not to hear just yourself (if playing in groups) "Children do get stressed! [...] Music can be [the child's] way of relaxing." (JSam, 2010) "[Playing an instrument] can be a great form of therapy." (Michael Matthews, 2011) How? Like painting: painters paint their emotions onto a canvas, musicians play a piece with emotion. Lower heart rate and blood pressure Play pieces YOU want to play "[Children] have a better verbal memory in [their] own language." (Lutz Jäncke, 2009) "When you play a musical instrument [...] your ability to store audio information becomes better." (Lutz Jäncke, 2009) "Playing a musical instrument significantly enhances the brain's sensitivity to speech sounds." (Professor Nina Kraus, 2010) "Playing an instrument [helps] youngsters better process speech in noisy classrooms and more accurately interpret the nuances of language that are conveyed by subtle changes in the human voice." (Professor Nina Kraus, 2010) How? Brain is used to and has to remember different sounds and pitches Small nuances in notes (e.g. violin, viola) Wide range of pitches "Research has shown that both listening to music and playing a musical instrument stimulates the brain and can increase your memory." (Michael Matthews, 2011) "Researches found that musicians are more likely to keep their memories active." (Richard Alleyne, 2011) "Several studies indeed show that musical practice increases memory and language skills." (Lutz Jäncke, 2009) How? Remember sheet music Brain is forced to remember where to put finger to make right sound Remember which note is which (sheet to keyboard/fingerboard/buttons) Mechanical memory (playing whole pieces, remembering each note) "Studies show that learning music can help improve reading comprehension, mathematics, and cognitive skills [...]." (JSam, 2010) How? "Reading music requires counting notes and rhythms, and can help your math skills." (Michael Matthews, 2011) "[...] learning music theory includes many mathematical aspects." (Michael Matthews, 2011) "Children exposed to a multi-year program of music tuition involving training in increasingly complex rhythmic, tonal, and practical skills display superior cognitive performance in reading skills compared with their non-musically trained peers." (Joseph M. Piro and Camilo Ortiz, 2009) How? Reading notes:
Different length notes
Different length rests
Different sharps and flats
Different dynamics (pianissimo, forte, etc.)
Different other symbols (clefs, breath marks, time signatures, note relationships, articulation marks, ornaments, repetitions, etc.) "[...] It would not be unreasonable to expect that some processing networks for music and language behaviors, namely reading, located in both hemispheres of the brain would overlap." (Joseph M. Piro and Camilo Ortiaz, 2009) Sources •5 Recipes for Life (2010) 5 Reasons to Encourage Kids to Learn a Musical Instrument. [online] Available from http://o5.com/5-reasons-to-encourage-kids-to-learn-a-musical-instrument/ (written by “JSam”) [accessed 17 Sep. 12 20:12] •Effective Music Teaching (2011) 18 Benefits of Playing a Musical Instrument. [online] Available from: http://www.effectivemusicteaching.com/articles/directors/18-benefits-of-playing-a-musical-instrument/ (written by Michael Matthews) [accessed 17 Sep. 12, 20:11] •MailOnline News (2010) Why playing a musical instrument ‘can help children learn with language skills’. [online] Available from: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1252652/Learning-play-musical-instrument-helps-young-brains-develop-language-skills.html (written by anonymous) [accessed 17 Sep. 12, 20:38] •The Telegraph (2009) Playing a musical instrument makes you brainier. [online] Available from: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/science/science-news/6447588/Playing-a-musical-instrument-makes-you-brainier.html (written by Richard Alleyne) [accessed 17 Sep. 12, 20:36] •The Telegraph (2011) Musical training boosts memory and hearing. [online] Available from: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/health/8507185/Musical-training-boosts-memory-and-hearing.html (written by Richard Alleyne) [accessed 17 Sep. 12, 20:36] •ScienceDaily (2009) Music Education Can Help Children Improve Reading Skills. [online] Available from: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/03/090316075843.htm (written by anonymous) [accessed 17 Sep. 12, 20:34]