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Ginzberg, Ginsberg, Axelrad, & Herma's Developmental Model
Transcript of Ginzberg, Ginsberg, Axelrad, & Herma's Developmental Model
"Career Development is a Lifelong Process"
Occupational choice is not a one-time decision. Rather, it is a developmental process occurring over several stages and sub-stages of a person's life.
Eli Ginzberg (1911-2002)
Conducted studies, due to a grant that allowed him to research and interview the occupational choice of young children, adolescents, and adults.
This allowed him to better understand the process of occupational choice in a developmental style from childhood to early adulthood.
Brown, D. (2012). Career information, career counseling, and career development. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc.
Ginzberg, E., Ginsburg, S.W., Axelrad, S., & Herma, J. L. (1951). Occupational choice: An approach to a general theory. New York, New York: Columbia University Press.
"Ginzberg, Eli." International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences. 2008. Retrieved April 21, 2014 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1G2-3045300929.html.
Reardon, R. (2007). Periods of career development. Retrieved from http://www.psych.utah.edu/classes/2007_spring/4951_002/readings/2-ginzberg.pdf.
Savickas, M., & Lent, R. (1994). Convergence in career development theories. Palo Alto, California: Consulting Psychologist Press, Inc.
Stages of Career Development
Before Age 11
Children believe they can do about anything: no realization of the training, education, economy, or skill set needed for certain careers.
Mostly play- saying things like, "I'm gonna be a ...."
As they near age 11, interests and activities are better identified that can help contribute to career choice
Age 17- Young Adulthood
Integration of capacities and interests
Specification of occupational choice
Further development of values
Crystallization of occupational patterns.
This stage helps adolescents further identify their interests, skills, abilities, and talents that can contribute to career choice.
Better understanding of the preparation and training for certain careers.
"We desired to make our findings meaningful to the largest possible number and have therefore stressed those with the most general import. We hope that our findings, both by what they reveal and what they fail to reveal, will stimulate others to continue investigations into this complex but highly important process of how individuals decide upon occupations, a decision of great importance to themselves and to society at large."
- Eli Ginzberg
Sol W. Ginsburg, Sidney Axelrad, and John L. Herma also contributed to the formation of this theory by taking part in planning, interviewing participants, analyzing data, and writing.
This theory was introduced/published in 1951, and it was soon followed by other career development theories; one example would be Donald Super's career development theory.
This theory is known as the first developmental theory. However, it has since been overshadowed by Super's life span, life space theory and many others. It is rarely used in contemporary career development strategies. However, it is important for understanding the foundation on which newer career development theories have been formed.