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Ethnic Conflict in Chechnya
Transcript of Ethnic Conflict in Chechnya
Lexi and Jae
Chechnya and Russia
History/Root of Conflict
The conflict started when Chechnya declared its independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. Since then, there have been several spikes in military confrontation with Russia. This began as an attempt to put Dudayev, Chechnya's president, out of power since he pursued anti-Russian policies, and eventually, Russian forces took over Grozny (capital of Chechnya) in 1995.
History/Root of Conflict Cont.
Later on the Russian forces, that had left in the mid-1990s, returned once Putin blamed Chechnya for a series of bombings that killed many Russian civilians. In 2004, Russian-supported president, Akhmad Kadyrov died in a bomb blast that was believed to have been carried out by Chechen guerrillas (revolutionists),and in retaliation many separatist leaders were killed by Russian forces. After Akhmad kadyrov's death his son, Ramzan Kadyrov, gained power, and once he was given Russia's support, Kadyrov claimed that the uprising was crushed (supposedly through inhuman methods). However, there are still spikes of violence.
Changes in Conflict
The Chechen conflict has changed from an independence movement to a "dirty war" where much of the violence is between extremists and federal personnel. The conflict has also gained a religious tone: Islam vs. the Orthodox faith.
Form of Conflict
Open Violence including: suicide bombings, taking hostages, daily violence, and assassinations.
How the Conflict Manifests/Spreads
With the shift in conflict from a push for independence to a religious and complex political war, the conflict spread the spread of the involved religions.
Political: Fighting has only lessened when a Russian-backed president is in power.
Social: Increased tension between Muslims and Christians in the area. Many people have also moved from the region.
Economic: Due to changes in the transport line for oil, Chechnya's greatest export, throughout this conflict, Chechnya's economy has suffered greatly.
Environmental: Bombing has created massive amounts of water and air pollution.
Response to the Conflict
So far, international communities haven't done much to help Chechnya, or cause Russia worry. Even though the U.S. and other countries have shown increased worry for Chechnya, they stand by the claim that the Chechen crisis in an internal problem.
As the Chechen-Russian conflict has progressed throughout the years, it has gone though bursts of increased violence. Despite this, Russian leaders are mostly satisfied at the moment since the Chechen president is complying with them. However, Chechnya still wants independence.