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Hannah Noelle

on 16 April 2014

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What is Cyberbullying?
"Symptoms" of Cyberbullying
Severe or chronic cyberbullying can leave victims at greater risk for anxiety, depression, and other stress-related disorders. In some rare but highly publicized cases, some kids have turned to suicide.
Understanding the Victim
Understanding the Bully
Studies have found bullies demonstrate:
social, and
emotional problems, as well as,
contingency to problematic behaviors (Cassidy, 2013).
Where does Cyberbullying occur?
Cyberbullying Prevention
Bullies have been around forever, but technology has given them a new platform. As adults, we're becoming more aware that the "sticks and stones" adage no longer holds true; both real world and online name-calling can have serious emotional consequences for children.
Literature can be used to help children understand more about cyberbullying and how to prevent it.
Cyberbullying is the use of technology to harass, threaten, embarrass, or target another person. By definition, it occurs among young people; when an adult is involved, it may meet the definition of cyber-harassment or cyber-stalking (stopbullying.gov).
Outlets used:
1. Social Media (Social Networks)
2. Text Messages
3. Emails
4. Instant Messages
5. Blogs
6. Online Gaming
7. Virtual Worlds
8. Many more through digital connections
A 2006 poll from the national organization Fight Crime: Invest in Kids found that 1 in 3 teens and 1 in 6 preteens have been the victims of cyberbullying. (KidsHealth)

The 2008–2009 School Crime Supplement (National Center for Education Statistics and Bureau of Justice Statistics) indicates that 6% of students in grades 6–12 experienced cyberbullying. (StopBullying)

The 2011 Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance Survey finds that 16% of high school students (grades 9-12) were electronically bullied in the past year. (StopBullying)

Research on cyberbullying is growing. However, because kids’ technology use changes rapidly, it is difficult to design surveys that accurately capture trends. (StopBullying)
A child's best protection online comes from involved parents.
Online tools are available that control kids' online activity based on parental restriction.
Take it seriously if your child reports an uncomfortable online exchange.
Forward copies of obscene or threatening messages your children have received to the necessary authorities.
Emotional distress during or after using the Internet or the phone.
Protective or secretive of digital life.
Withdrawal from friends and activities.
Avoidance of school or group gatherings.
Slipping grades and "acting out" in anger at home.
Changes in mood, behavior, sleep, or appetite.
Cyberbullying Kills
Abash and the Cyber-Bully
Abash experiences cyberbullying when an embarrassing picture of him is on the internet. Abash learns how to deal with this bullying and how to be safe online (Ages 4-9).
Chrissa Stands Strong
A group of teens deal with cyberbullying when they receive mean text messages and phone calls (Ages 8 and up).
Destroying Avalon
A 14-year old high school girl and her friends become victims of cyberbullying. One of Avalon's friends end up taking their own life, because of bullying (Ages 15 and up).
Based on Jim Harvey's speech structures
Cyberbullying Defined:
Characteristics of a Victim of Cyberbullying:
Amanda Todd,
victim of cyberbullying.
Involves and is carried out more by girls (Li, 2005),
usually carried out by boys,
provides anonymity,

allows the bully to remain faceless and impersonal,
usually takes place on school grounds where the school is responsible for protecting their students,
takes place in cyberspace .
the bully has a face and is not able to hide behind the computer.
The victims typically have low self-esteem, depression and many other challenges. (Li, 2005.)
Victims have been known to:
get lower grades,
have more absences, and
perceive school as an unsafe environment.
The response of the victim to bullying can range from minor to severe consequences, such as suicide.
Descriptions of a cyberbully, have been described as:
social awkwardness,
poor grades in school,
delinquent behavior, and
higher drug and alcohol abuse (School Psychology).
Establish rules about appropriate use of computers, cell phones, and other technology.
Be clear about what sites they can visit and what they are permitted to do when they’re online.
Help them be smart about what they post or say.
Encourage kids to think about who they want to see the information and pictures they post online.
Tell kids to keep their passwords safe and not share them with friends.

Cyberbullying can happen 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, and reach a kid even when he or she is alone. It can happen any time of the day or night.

Cyberbullying messages and images can be posted anonymously and distributed quickly to a very wide audience. It can be difficult and sometimes impossible to trace the source.

Deleting inappropriate or harassing messages, texts, and pictures is extremely difficult after they have been posted or sent.
– Sending angry, rude, vulgar messages directed at a person or persons privately or to an online group.
• Harassment – Repeatedly sending a person offensive messages
– Harassment that include threats of harm.

Denigration (put-downs)
– Sending or posting harmful, untrue, or cruel statements about a person to other people.
• Masquerade
– Pretending to be someone else and sending or posting material as them.
• Outing and Trickery
– Sending or posting material about a person that contains sensitive, private, or embarrassing information.
• Exclusion
– Actions that specifically and intentionally exclude a person from an online group.
Cyberbullying is not
always the same:
Hannah Caton
Li, Q. (2005). New Bottle but Old Wine: A Research of Cyberbullying in Schools. Science Direct, 23, 1771-1791.

Borgia, L. Myers, J. (2010). Cyber Safety and Children's Literature: A Good Match for Creating Classroom Communities. Illinois Reading Council Journal, 38(3), 29-34.

Cassidy, W. Faucher, C. Jackson, M. (2013). Cyberbullying Among Youth: A Comprehensive Review of Current International Research and its Implications and Application to Policy and Practice. School Psychology International, 34(6), 576-612.

(# 1)
Eliminate Threat and Stress
- Creating knowledge on cyberbullying and how to prevent it, can help eliminate the threat and stress of cyberbullying.

Learning Principles
Develop Positive Relationships
- between students, between students and staff, between staff members and with school families. This workshop allows for positive relationship formation, due to the new knowledge on how to talk about what cyberbullying is, who it effects and how it can be prevented.
Multiple Intelligences
Us Department of Health and Human Resources. "What is Cyberbullying." stopbullying.gov. US Department of Health and Human Services, n.d. Web. 15 Mar. 2014. <http://www.stopbullying.gov/cyberbullying/what-is-it/index.html>.
New, Michelle. "Cyberbullying." KidsHealth - the Web's most visited site about children's health. The Nemours Foundation, 1 Jan. 2012. Web. 8 Mar. 2014. <http://kidshealth.org/parent/emotions/feelings/cyberbullying.html?tracking=P_RelatedArticle#>.
Interactive Activity
Target Audience
Current Researchers and Speakers in the Field
Community members
Law enforcement
Email: learning@joshgunderson.com Phone: 978-270-6845
Robert has a Ph.D. in Communication and Ph.D. Minor in Statistics form The University of Arizona. He is currently doing in research that looks at the deficient self-regulation of Internet use and the use of Internet for the sexual solicitation of minors. He is also part of a group of international scholars that refine the definitions and methods used in cyberbullying research.
Dr. Patchin is an Associate Professor of Criminal Justice at the University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire. He has explored teens and technology, with focus on cyberbullying, social networking, and sexting. Dr. Hinduja is is an Associate Professor in the School of Criminology and Criminal Justice at Florida Atlantic University. Both Dr. Patchin and Dr. Hinduja train educators, parents, law enforcement and youth from all over the world on preventing cyberbullying and its consequences.
For more information on presentations and workshops go to

Josh Gunderson
Josh Gunderson is an anti-bullying and internet
safety specialist and speaker. He started speaking around the country in 2009. He has spoken at over 150 schools and has created many different videos on bullying and suicide. These videos have been seen by thousands of people from all over the world.
Dr. Justin W. Patchin & Dr. Sameer Hinduja
Sameer Hinduja, Ph.D.
Email: hinduja@cyberbullying.us
Justin W. Patchin, Ph.D.
Email: patchin@cyberbullying.us
Robert Tokunaga
University of Hawaii at Manoa
Office: George Hall 316
Phone: 808.956.3323
Fax: 808.956.3947
E-mail: robert.tokunaga@hawaii.edu
1. Verbal communication throughout the workshop (i.e. Q&A, speakers and group exercises) to demonstrate the importance of ending cyberbullying.
4. Putting heavier emphasis on the seriousness of cyberbullying through skits and dramatizations.
7. Reflecting upon your own actions and how you would respond to examples given.
8. Understanding others, and learning how to effectively communicate in a productive way.
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