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Transcript of EBOLA
Hemorrhagic Fevers Introduction
Four separate virus families: arenavirus, filovirus, bunyavirus, flavivirus.
Usually found in Central Africa.
All 4 families are RNA viruses
Humans are not reservoirs for any of the VHFs.
No cures and very few effective treatments.
Most well known: Ebola (filovirus), Marburg (filovirus), Lassa fever (arenavirus), Rift Valley fever (bunyavirus).
First discovered in 1976 in Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaire).
Highest known pathogenic mortality rate. (>70%)
By: Brian Baker
Outbreaks are sudden and without warning.
No known reservoir- fruit bats are most commonly suspected.
Confirmed Cases: Democratic Republic of Congo, Gabon, Sudan, the Ivory Coast, Uganda, and Republic of Congo.
Ebola-Reston: Infected and killed primates imported from the Philippines, though humans also became infected, they did not become ill.
Incubation period: 2-25 days (Mean= 12.7 days).
Early symptoms are nonspecific flu like signs (cough, aches, fever, etc.)
Abrupt onset with eventual point of no return.
Rash, red eyes, internal; external bleeding, vomiting(sometimes bloody), diarrhea.
External bleeding from orifices only in about 50% of patients
Next slide contains graphic images.
Internal/External Hemorrhaging, death
There is no cure for Ebola.
Support therapy consisting:
Balancing fluids, electrolytes
Maintain oxygen, blood pressure
Infection complication treatments
Recent studies from Canadian National Microbiology Lab may have an antibody cocktail that proves to be efficient in aiding recovery.
Bush meat(bats, nonhuman primates, etc.)
Close contact with suspected reservoirs.
Lack of Biosafety Level 4 Procedures
Quarantine patients with Ebola.
Virus particles isolated in reproductive fluids up to 8 weeks after surviving infection- use of STD preventative measures highly recommended for survivors.
Completely sterilize medical equipment.
Usage of Bio-Safety levels 3 or higher.
Ebola is a deadly disease with a small chance of survival.
Little fear in our area because it can only survive in specific regions in Africa.
Although it can be bio-weaponry, it still is not very likely to spread through a population because of high virulence burning itself out.
Research for a cure is a top priority in many first world countries.
Africa Ebola Outbreaks. Digital image. Decoded Science. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Oct. 2013. <http://www.personal.psu.edu/users/h/i/hiy5091/ebola.gif>.
African Ebola Outbreaks. Digital image. Examiner. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Oct. 2013. <http://cdn2-b.examiner.com/sites/default/files/styles/image_content_width/hash/e4/fb/e4fb96432f9f98812059b33119d6aa10.jpg?itok=ZsZpo5i1>.
"Ain Health." Vaccine and Ebola Virus -. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Oct. 2013. <http://topworldofhealth.blogspot.com/2011/09/vaccine-and-ebola-virus.html>.
Branswell, Helen. "Canadian National Lab Scientists Work to Fine-tune Possible Ebola Virus Therapy." The Province. Helen Branswell, 17 Oct. 2013. Web. 24 Oct. 2013. <http://www.theprovince.com/health/Canadian national scientists work finetune possible Ebola virus/9044757/story.html>.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, n.d. Web. 20 Oct. 2013. <http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvrd/spb/mnpages/dispages/ebola.htm>.
Ebola Claims More Lives as the Virus Spreads. Digital image. Hip Hop Mula. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Oct. 2013. <http://hiphopmula.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/09/ebola-symptoms-150x150.png>.
Ebola Haemorrhagic Fever. Digital image. Documenting Reality. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Oct. 2013. <http://www.documentingreality.com/forum/f149/ebola-haemorrhagic-fever-28320/>.
Ebola Transmission. Digital image. WHO. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Oct. 2013. <http://www.thelancetstudent.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/11/Figure-2-Model-of-Ebola-virus-pathogenesis.jpg>.
"Ebola Virus Outbreak in Uganda July 2012 Is a Cause for Concern." Decoded Science. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Oct. 2013. <http://www.decodedscience.com/ebola-virus-outbreak-uganda-july-2012-cause-concern/16536>.
"Haemorrhagic Fevers, Viral." WHO. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Oct. 2013. <http://www.who.int/topics/haemorrhagic_fevers_viral/en>.
Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers. Digital image. Doom and Gloom. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Oct. 2013. <http://www.doomandbloom.net/wp-content/uploads/2012/04/ebola.jpg>.
Impacts on Lifestyle
While most patients will die from the disease, the ones that survive usually make a full recovery.
The complications if any are minor pains in joints, headaches, or weakness of muscles.
Social problems may result because of fear that one still could infect others after survival.