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The Comparison of Violin and Erhu
Transcript of The Comparison of Violin and Erhu
By Yat Ching, Colin, Bernard, Stephanie, Anna and Katie
How old are you?
Where do you come from?
History and Origin
Both erhu and violin are traditional musical instruments. Do you know their history of development?
People's Republic of China
The term huqin was first mentioned.
The reference to jiqin first appeared.We know that it required a relatively high level of skill and technique to play jiqin.
The Golden Age
- The erhu instrument underwent a great development.
- The time of the golden age of the local operas.
- The erhu then developed in a different style.
- Two famous artists Hua Yanjun and Liu Tianhua made an
exceptional contribution to the improvement of the erhu.
- The erhu, an instrument mainly for accompaniment in an
opera, becomes a solo instrument.
- The manufacture, playing techniques,
repertoire and musical education of erhu have
undergone an unpresidented development.
- The repertoire has grown rapidly in the genres
of solo, with ensemble and concert with
The Three Kingdoms period
Ji Kang, a famous literati musician invented a new instrument named Ji-qin
Both the description of huqin in writing and the portrayal of huqin in painting came to resemble today's erhu.
The 9th century
11th and 12th centuries
- The first violin that is similar to the
modern violin was built by Italian
A violin crafted by Antonio Stradivari
- The history of bowed string musical
instruments in Europe begins.
- The Persian geographer Ibn Khurradadhbih
described the bowed Byzantine lira as
equivalent to the rabāb used in the Islamic
Empires of that time.
Violin is a very famed musical instruments in Europe and western countries. For generations, it has played an important role in western music development. Erhu has appeared since ancient China. Its significance affects thousands of years in Chinese history, therefore it's named "Chinese violin" by the West. Do you want to find out the similarities and differences of European violin and Chinese violin? Let's go and check it out!
- The Byzantine lira spread through
Europe westward giving birth to
various European bowed
- European writers used the terms
fiddle and lira when referring to
- The first violins had shorter and
- The bridge flatter and the finger
board was shorter.
- It was considered a musical instrument of low status
- By the 1600s some well-known
composers such as Claudio Monteverdi
used the violin in operas
- The violins' status grew
- From the mid-18th century till now, the
violin enjoyed a vital place in
instrumental music ensembles
Structure and Material
- made of two arched plates
- an "hourglass" shape (bouts)
- made of quarter-sawn spruce, bookmatched
- with two sound-holes ("f-holes")
Back and ribs:
- made of maple
- maple with a flamed figure
- carries the ebony fingerboard
- transmits vibration
- holds strings to permit each to be played
- wood, metal, carbon fiber or plastic
- Similar to human voice
- can express sadness,
- Bright, smooth, warm,
- sad, aggressive, lyrical
- divided into absolute tone and relatively sound
- absolute tone rely on specific changes in the relative sound to render
- This showing color, shape the image of musical works to help the audience in mind, feel the emotion of the work and the inner spiritual strength
- consists of a body (qin tong)
- a shaft (qin gan)
- two tuning pegs (xuan zhou)
- a tight loop of string (qian jin)
- a tiny bridge (xuan ma)
- The erhu's body can be made of:
- padouk wood (hong mu)
- red sandalwood (zi tan)
- ebony wood (wu mu)
- python skin
- Its shape is usually hexagonal, with round or
octagonal regional variations
Which family are you from?
Type of instrument
- comes from
- use bow to
- very important in
terms of fiddle
He established the model of the violin
Other than bowing, it can be played by pizzicato
The bow is placed between the two strings
The bow is separated from the strings
Use numbered musical notation
Use Treble Clef
Gasparo di Bertolotti da Salò (1540-1590)
Giovanni Paolo Maggini (1580 -1632)
Lorenzo Guadagnini (1695 - 1745)
Giuseppe Guarneri "del Gesu” (1698 - 1744)
Jacob Stainer (Austrian)(1621 - 1683)
Chen Yao Sing
Min Hei Fen
zhu Chang Yao
Xiao Bai Rong
Jiang Jian Hua