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Leaving Cert in Art Workshop - Appreciation and Comprehension of Art

An online supplement to The Hunt Museum's Leaving Certificate in Art Workshop (Appreciation and Comprehension of Art)

Education Office

on 18 January 2013

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Transcript of Leaving Cert in Art Workshop - Appreciation and Comprehension of Art

Harvard Business Review How to lower the cost of enterprise sales? essay structure so....... Leaving Cert Workshop For students studying for the Irish Leaving Certificate in Art (Exhibition Layout & Design Question) Collection The Cost to Acquire a Customer (CAC) exceeds the Life Time Value (LTV) a customer brings us. This is my third go-around selling to large enterprises, SkyStream, Kontiki and now Qumu.

I like to explain to you the problem the way I see it, the changes I suggest to avoid making the same mistake again. and Travels to Clients Travels to clients to get to know them
Build report over lunch, dinner & golf events
Uses Social Media to find new leads
Closes deals face-to-face to relay commitment ` Layout Groupings Answer the question asked!
Do NOT just write down all the information you know, use a logical paragraph structure
Use the online archive on The Hunt Museum website www.huntmuseum.com to research your chosen objects and become familiar with drawing them.
Compare and contrast paintings Before you begin.... The Hunt Museum Nora Fitzgerald c O It is very important to read the question you are asked!

Make sure you understand what they are asking you to do

Underline the key points in the question 1) Beginning
2) Middle
3) End Graphic arts Alberto Giacometti
Seated Woman PORTRAITS Graphic Arts In Fagan's painting what light do you think the wife is shown? Muse? Support?
Compare her to her husband?
In O'Conor's painting What sort of mood is created in the painting? Is there an air of grandeur despite its simplicity?
What do the clothes tell us about the woman?
Compare this painting in terms of style and atmosphere to that of Robert Fagan’s The artist and his wife. Questions to consider Questions to consider John George Mulvany,
View of Kilamallock Can you think of other artists who worked in the poster style?
Can we tell anything of the mood of the woman in Giacommetti’s drawing ? Calm? Resigned? Or perhaps hinting at inner turmoil?
Contrast this painting with the Picasso, look at the vagueness of line and image as opposed to the striking and obvious nature of the poster Questions to consider Coffee is key. Important
points Visiting The Hunt Museum Terms and Vocabulary Good Luck from The Hunt Museum! (it's almost over) Corpus Pablo Picasso
4 Gats menu card Exhibition layout and Design Describe and discuss one portrait work you have studied. Discuss the work you have chosen in detail, making reference to the artist/architect, to style, composition/design, materials technique and the period in which it was produced.

Name, and briefly describe and discuss one other portrait work.

Illustrate your answer. Describe and discuss one portrait work you have studied. Discuss the work you have chosen in detail, making reference to the artist, to style, composition/design and materials technique .

Name, and briefly describe and discuss one other portrait work.

Illustrate your answer. You must choose one portrait you have studied e.g. Robert Fagan, The artist and his wife. you will have to look the different aspects in the question and discuss them with the knowledge you have of comprehending art. You are allowed to be critical and refere to other examples.

When you choose another work you should compare it to the first piece you have discussed. e.g. Roderic O'Connor, Breton Woman

It is vital to ilustrate your answer and include lables! "Questions will be framed so as to test the general knowledge of historical development and visual appreciation rather than detailed or specialised knowledge of the History of Art. Opportunities will be offered for the expression of the candidates’ own opinions of
works and visual problems. Answers to questions may be illustrated by sketches where these would be appropriate." A note from the examiners Writing an essay You need to include... Sample Question Highlighted key points... Beginning: Introduction. Talk about portrait painting in history. E.g. Medieval and Renaissance portraits and some of the reasons why they were popular. Refer to points you will make later in your essay. If you can mention a comparable era or type of art e.g. sculpture or renaissance art. Middle: Develop three or four points of information. All should be encompass historically correct facts and information.
Use the first point to discuss the artist and the era. The second could talk about the treatment of the subject in terms of composition and style. And so on until you have covered the points in the question. You must include your illustrations in this area too. End: Some up what you have said here to reinforce your points. Allude to the development of the arts in a later period. Also give your own opinion on the pieces based on your knowledge. We will look at paintings under different themes. The groups we will look at are: Portraits Robert Fagan,
The artist and his wife Roderic O’Conor,
Breton Woman Portraits
Graphic art Robert Fagan. The artist and his wife Subject: Self portrait of the artist accompanied by his second wife.

Composition/style: Artist is pen poised and portrayed as hansom. His wife leans with hand on his shoulder, nude and looking adoringly at him. In the background there is a tree with Laurel leaves. The style is Neo classical. This is apparent in the dress of his wife, “a la Greque”. This was popular on the continent during 18th century. The laurel leaves reflect the Greek theme, Greek democracy and Greek independence movement in vogue during this period.

Materials/technique: Portrait is in oils. To continue Greek theme the piece is painted in a fashion that reflects Greek statue, marble rather than flesh and blood. Roderic O’Conor, Breton Woman Subject: Painting shows a seated woman in profile dressed in traditional Breton costume.

Composition/style: The woman is in a seated position. Her hands are clasped in her lap. The woman stands out against the plain background. The style is untypical for the artist as it stays away from his usual post impressionism influences. The painting was done during a period of isolation and introspection for the artist and this is evident in its sombre tonal pallet.

Materials technique: Oils on canvas. The brush work is very restrained echoing the tonal pallet in its simplicity. How is the emotion in An Atlantic Drive painting conveyed? ( Through the brush strokes, the colour, the dynamic wave movement)
How do you think the timeless and eternal in An Alantic Drive is portrayed? (By giving prominence to landscape instead of people Yeats’ suggests the importance of the eternal nature instead of the transience of people.
Is there contrast between the background and foreground in A View of Kilmallock? (Background is more hazy and atmospheric)
Compare this painting with An Atlantic Drive, are there differences in atmosphere? Which do you prefer and why? Landscapes Landscapes Jack B. Yeats
An Atlantic Drive George Mulvany
A view of Kilmallock Subject: Landscape painting of Kilmallock, scene popular of the 1770s to 1820, encompasses ruins, peasants and rural setting. Composition/style: Landscape arranged according to rules governing what was considered appropriate to beauty in natural scenery formatted by English artist and writer William Gilpin. Peasants occupy the foreground and are clean and respectable. In the background there are ruins of medieval monasteries giving rise to the picturesque style. Materials/technique: Painting exhibit smoothness of finish and brushwork. A gentle use of light is seen. Jack B. Yeats, An Atlantic Drive Subject: West of Ireland landscape scene Composition: Figures in the side car are found in the bottom corner of the picture, this lessens their importance giving more significance to the landscape. Materials/technique: It is a prime example of the artist’s style after 1940.There is a thick application of oil paint on the surface so that the brush or painting-knife strokes are visible.
Subject: Menu card for a café Els Quatre Gats (the Four Cats), it depicts a waiter carrying a bottle in one hand and holding a panel inscribed Plat del Dia in the other.

Composition/style: The style is lighthearted. This is reflected in the portrayal of the waiter. He is plump and mustached. Elements of cartoon/caricature/stylization are present. These strongly outlined features reflect contemporary artistic (around 1900)

Materials/technique: The medium is was and ink on paper. Pablo Picasso, 4 Gats menu card Subject: Lone figure of a woman directly facing the viewer.

Composition/style: There is a contrast between the highly animated framework of the lines around the body and the static pose of the figure as well as the bare interior. The sketch is in keeping with the style of Giacommetti’s sculptures, the figure showing signs of elongation.

Materials/technique: The medium is pencil, quick sketchy lines on paper. Alberto Giacommetti, seated woman It is important to use technical terms and vocabulary of art when
writing your essay. This creates a more weighty argument and shows the examiner you know what you are talking about. Here are some terms you may like to use: Impasto: This refers to a technique in painting where the paint is
applied very thickly to the canvas surface so that the brush or painting knife strokes are visible Roderic O’Conor Born in County Roscommon in 1860, Roderic O’Conor was an heir to an estate of some wealth. This secure financial status allowed him the chance to enroll in the Metropolitan School of Art in Dublin and later at the Royal Hibernian Academy. He continued his artistic education at the Academe Royale des Beaux-Arts at Antwerp and later in Paris. Jack B Yeats A change again in his style was to occur during the 1940s when his painting became very expressive. His paintings had a deeply personal significance and were based on memory. The oil paints are laid thick on the canvas and the area is often on a much larger scale. Grief produced after his wife’s death in 1947 is one of his most emotional works expressing his sadness at her death and his abhorrence of war and violence. Jack B Yeats was the youngest of six children, and sibling of the poet W.B Yeats. An Artistic family all were encouraged by their father John Butler Yeats, a portrait painter, to draw from an early age. Spending most of his early life in Sligo with his grandparents he developed an independent streak, and would later take inspiration from the landscapes and people of the area in the early years of his painting.

Jack B. Yeats died in 1957 as one of Ireland's most renowned artists. Pablo Picasso Pablo Picasso was born in 1881 in Malaga, Spain. Picasso showed a talent for painting at a young age. Moving to Barcelona at the age of 14 Picasso applied to the prestigious School of Fine Arts.. However he found inspiration in the city streets rather than in the strict form of the school. He was influenced by the poster style of Toulouse-Lautrec and the art nouveau and graphic arts movements. It was Barcelona where Picasso considered he spent his happiest times and also where he designed the famous Els 4 Gats menu card. He moved to Paris at the turn of the century and here began his blue and rose period of painting reflecting the different emotional stages of his life. In 1907 he produced Les Demoiselles d'Avignon. This series of abstract and geometrical shapes is the precursor to the development of cubism. From this time on Picasso developed his style ranging from Cubism (Bread and Fruit Dish on a Table 1909) to realism (The pipes of pan 1923). Then from 1927 he produced surrealist/cubist works the most famous being the Spanish civil war inspired Guernica.

Picasso died in 1973 one of the world’s most recognizable painters. John George Mulvany He was born in Dublin around 1766. He studied in the Schools of Dublin Society and won medals
in 1782 and 1786. In 1810 he contributed a landscape to the Exhibition of the Society of Artists. When the Royal Hibernian Academy was founded in 1823 he was chosen as on of the original members. From its first exhibition in 1826 he was a regular contributor. Mulvany usually chose landscape pieces but also cottage interiors and subject pieces. His landscape works adhered to the idea of the Mulvany died on 28th September 1838. Alberto Giacometti He was born in Borgonovo in Switzerland in 1901. From an artistic family Giacometti was interested in art from an early age and studied at the Cole des Beaux-Arts and the École des Arts Industriels. In 1922 he left for Paris where he studied sculpture under Antoine Bourdelle at the Académie de la Grande Chaumière until 1925. It was after this time that he developed his own style drawing inspiration from primitive figures. His figures are small and thin depicting what he called his version of reality. They embodied a surrealist style. Having moved to Geneva during world war two he eventually returns to Paris where he begins working in Bronze. He also begins work on 150 lithographs ‘Paris sans fin’ from 1958 to 1965. Just as with the sculptures there is an emphasis on the relation between object and space. Giacometti died 11 January 1966 Robert Fagan Fagan was born 5th March 1761 in London. In 1781 He entered into the Royal Academy Arts School in 1781 but he shortly left for Italy. It was in Italy that he picked up the Neo Classical style characteristic of his paintings.

He traveled around Italy as an archeologist and as British consul General. Married twice, he created two of his most decorative works as the portraits of each of his wives.

Fagan committed suicide in Rome on August 26 1816 ...is the name given to movements in
the arts, that draw inspiration from the "classical" art and culture of Ancient
Greece or Ancient Rome. Oath of The Horatii, Jacques Louis David A theory or style of painting originating and developed in France
during the 1870s, characterized by concentration on the
immediate visual impression produced by a scene and by
the use of unmixed primary colors and small strokes to
simulate actual reflected light. He eventually travels to Paris and then further afield to Italy and Spain. During the First World War he lived in Paris where he continued to paint but rarely to exhibit. O’Conner became critical of modern painters of the time such as Henry Matisse and Picasso. O'Conor died in Nueil-sur-Layon, France in March 1940 It was in Paris that he was influenced by the Impressionists. In particular he developed a friendship with Gauguin. Also the showing of Van Gogh’s work impacted on his work. The profound effect of Van Gogh was seen in his paintings in a period of ten year he spent in Brittany of Landscapes such as A field of Corn, Pont Aven, The farm at Lezaven and the series of portraits of Breton women. O’Conor’s paintings were characterized by soft brush strokes and peaceful glows of light. Field of Corn, Pont Aven ‘picturesque’ As well as painting he was employed as a teacher for much of his life. The Picturesque is a term covering a set of ideas
regarding actual landscape, and landscape painting.
It was pioneered by William Gilpin around 1780. Yeats studied at the School of Design in South Kensington and at the Westminster School of Art, though he also was able to support himself as an illustrator from the age of 17. Returning to Ireland he drew inspiration from the people and sights he came across on his travels and worked mostly in watercolours. However after 1920 he became more experimental with his style choosing oils and an Expressionist manner. We see this in his painting The Liffey Swim where he depicts the excitement of the sporting occasion with vigorous brushstrokes and bright colours which would become features of his work. Expressionism is the term given to the art movement
popular during the late 19th and 20th centuries It
seeks to place more emphasis on the subjective emotion
rather than objective perspective. Grief The Liffey Swim Henri Toulouse Lautrec (1864-1901) was a post impressionist painter and illustrator most famous for his depiction of Parisian Life in the late 19th Century. One of his most recognizable works is a poster for the Moulin Rouge. A style developed in the early 20th century, characterized by an emphasis on formal structure and reducing natural form to their geometrical shape. Bread and fruit dish on a table The pipes of Pan Gurnica Composition: Is the visual arrangement of visual objects in a piece of art Canvas: This is the heavy woven fabric used as a surface for painting Tempera: Painting medium of pigment mixed with egg yolk solution. Modeling: This is the representation of color and light effects used in order to make the subject appear three dimensional on a flat canvas surface. Perspective: The term refers to the technique of representing the illusion of the three-dimensional world. Foreshortening: is to reduce or distort in order to convey the illusion of three-dimensional space as perceived by the human eye lfjklsdjf
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