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Ethanol Fuel

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by

Mandy McAlpine

on 1 March 2011

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Transcript of Ethanol Fuel

By: Mandy McAlpine
& Nicole Barker Ethanol Fuel Ethanol fuel is ethanol (ethyl alcohol), the same type of alcohol found in alcoholic beverages. Biomass alcohol fuel, or ethanol, is derived primarily from sugarcane and corn. It can be used directly as a fuel or as an additive to gasoline. Ethanol is a fuel that comes from agricultural feedstocks, and can be produced domestically.
Ethanol is a renewable energy source, because the energy is generated by using sunlight, which cannot be depleted. Pros of Ethanol Cons of Ethanol the effect of moderating oil prices
the "food vs fuel" debate
poverty reduction potential
carbon emissions levels
deforestation and soil erosion
impact on water resources
as well as energy balance and efficiency. Ethanol changed into Electricity Ethanol is biomass, or vegetable matter used as a source of energy. Electricity is produced by burning ethanol. How common and widely used is it? Who uses it? Ethanol is widely used in Brazil and the United States, and together both countries were responsible for 86% of the world's ethanol fuel production in 2009.
In 2009 worldwide ethanol fuel production reached 19.5 billion gallon.
Most cars on the road today in the U.S can run on blends of up to 10% ethanol. Ethanol fuel is used in automobiles like cars and motorcycles and it is combined with gasoline. Uses Experts say replacing gas with ethanol blends will reduce greenhouse gases and help the fight against global warming.
But more than 200 U.S. refineries in operation also emit thousands of pollutants a year, including nitrogen oxide, a key element of smog.
Environmental Impacts Interesting Facts One acre of corn can produce enough ethanol to run a car for some 72,000 miles on E-10 Unleaded.
Corn is the primary feedstock for ethanol production.
Ethanol has been blended in gasoline for decades—and billions of miles have been driven on ethanol-blended fuels. Our Opinion We think ethanol is good and bad. One reason why we think it is a good thing is that it is renewable resource. One reason why we think it is a bad thing is that it releases pollutants in the air that create smog.
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