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Transcript of Birds
Juliet- "Hist! Romeo, hist! O for a falc'ner's voice
To lure this tassel gentle back again!"
Juliet- "'Tis almost morning. I would have thee gone-
And yet no farther than a wanton's bird,
That lets it hop a little from his hand,
Like a poor prisoner in his twisted gyves,
And with a silken thread plucks it back again,
So loving-jealous of his liberty.
Why does Shakespeare use imagery in his works?
Imagery, especially in
Romeo and Juliet
, is used to create pictures in the audience's mind and give the actors' dialogue emotions and meanings that might not otherwise be known (Black).
Romeo and Juliet
Juliet- For thou wilt lie upon the wings of night (19)
Whiter than new snow upon a raven’s back. (20)
Come, gentle night, come, loving, black-browed night, (21) (III.ii)
Type in game pin
Be ready to play!
The significance of the birds in this quote is that the relationship between the falconer and falcon is strong, since the falcon willfully comes when called. This shows how strong the bond is becoming between Romeo and Juliet.
Juliet- Dove-feathered raven, wolvish-ravening lamb! (77)
Juliet- It was the nightingale, and not the lark, (2)
That pierced the fearful hollow of thine ear. (3)
Nightly she sings on yon pomegranate tree. (4)
Believe me, love, it was the nightingale. (5)
Romeo- It was the lark, the herald of the morn, (6)
No nightingale. Look, love, what envious streaks (7)
Do lace the severing clouds in yonder east. (8) (III.v)
• Juliet is saying that Romeo will come with night. Also the night will pass quickly once Romeo arrives. Juliet wants to be with Romeo so bad because he is her sunshine and happiness in the dark. She then goes on to say that she wants the calm, peaceful, night to come faster. (III.ii. lines 19-21)
•Juliet is comparing Romeo to a raven that looks like a dove and a lamb that hunts like a wolf. She is using oxymorons to say that he is a villain disguised as a saint. (III.ii.line 77)
For the second quote, birds often symbolize freedom. (Gonzalez) This example contradicts freedom because Juliet wants to take "ownership" of Romeo. (II.ii 176-181)
Juliet- It is the lark that sings so out of tune, (27)
Straining harsh discords and unpleasing sharps. (28)
Some say the lark makes sweet division. (29)
• Juliet is saying that Romeo heard the nightingale instead of the lark. Also, the nightingale sings at night in the pomegranate tree nearby. She then says that Romeo should trust her because she would know. Basically, Juliet is trying to convince Romeo that he heard the night bird, nightingale, and not the morning bird, lark. (III.v. line 2-5)
Juliet- Some say the lark and loathèd toad change eyes. (31)
Oh, now I would they had changed voices too, (32)
Since arm from arm that voice doth us affray, (33)
Hunting thee hence with hunt’s-up to the day. (34)
• Romeo is saying that it was the morning lark she heard. Also, that all the proof Juliet needs is there if she were to only look up to the sky that is speckled with the light of the day. (III.v. line 6-8)
• Juliet is finally accepting the fact the Romeo must leave and says that it is the morning lark they hear. She can tell it’s the lark by its shrill, harsh, and out of tune voice. Then she goes on to say that the lark shows the divisions between night and day, the harsh (unwanted) morning and the sweet (welcome) night. (III.v. line 27-29)
• Juliet says that some people have told her that the lark and toad changed eyes. This is her way of alluding to how unwelcome the morning is because no one welcomes a toad. She then goes on to say that she wishes they also changed voices because then there would be nothing to like or admire about the lark. The lark's voice breaks her and Romeo apart, and now men will be hunting after her precious Romeo. (III.v. line 31-34)
Romeo- “Oh, she doth teach the torches to burn bright!
It seems she hangs upon the cheek of night
Like a rich jewel in an Ethiope’s ear,
Beauty too rich for use, for earth too dear.
So shows a snowy dove trooping with crows
As yonder lady o'er her fellows shows.
The measure done, I’ll watch her place of stand,
And, touching hers, make blessèd my rude hand.
Did my heart love till now? Forswear it, sight!
For I ne'er saw true beauty till this night.”
Benvolio- “At this same ancient feast of Capulet’s
Sups the fair Rosaline whom thou so loves
With all the admired beauties of Verona.
Go thither, and with unattained eye
Compare her face with some that I shall show,
And I will make thee think thy swan a crow.”
Black, James. "The Visual Artistry of Romeo and Juliet." Studies in English Literature (1975): n. pag. Print.
Bloom, Harold. Romeo and Juliet. Ed. Janyce Marson. New York: Bloom's Literary Criticism, 2008. Print. Bloom's
Shakespeare Through the Ages.
- - -. William Shakespeare: The Tragedies. New York: Chelsea House, 1985. Print. Modern Critical Views.
González, Susana Vega. Bird Imagery in Toni Morrison's Novels. N.p.: n.p., n.d. Print. Broken Wings of
Hough, John N. "The Classical Journal." JSTOR.com. ITHAKA, n.d. Web. 9 Feb. 2015. <http://www.jstor.org/
"Their meeting at night is left to our imagination, but their parting at dawn is Shakespeare's imagination functioning at its highest lyrical intensity, with interwoven symbols of nightingale and lark, darkness and light, death and love" (Goddard 46).
What is imagery?
Imagery is a device used by writers that helps describe what the readers or audience should see, hear, smell, touch, and taste.
"According to James Harting in the
The Birds of Shakespeare
, the reference to a "dove" is the only instance in Shakespeare where this bird is synonymous with a pigeon, thus symbolizing fidelity. Further on, this reference will become an apt description of Juliet`s love for Romeo, and an ironic association for the nurse, who will betray the confidence entrusted to her(Bloom 18)."
This passage is important because it helps to show that the symbolizing of birds was meant to show contrast in emotions, feelings, and situations. An example of this is when Juliet compares Romeo to "Dove-feathered raven, wolvish-ravening lamb!(III.ii. line 77)" In this instance she is being negative in her use of a dove but earlier on it is used to show her complete devotion and fidelity to Romeo.
Benvolio is implying that when Romeo sees all the beautiful women at the Capulet's party, he will forget about Rosaline. Also, Rosaline will look much less attractive (like a crow) when she is compared to the women at the party (who are as beautiful as swans).
In this passage, Romeo is describing Juliet. He remarks that she is a dove among crows. Through this line, Shakespeare is expressing how Romeo views Juliet as astonishingly beautiful (like a dove) while other people among her look ugly (like a crow).
Shakespeare uses multiple symbols to describe different characters and themes throughout the story and he weaves them together to create emotion and power.
"In a word, Juliet proves herself a faithful wife, as yet inexperienced, who will hold her marriage vows sacred: "Hood my unmanned blood, bating in my cheeks, / With thy blood mantle, till strange love grown bold, / Think true love acted simple modesty." Juliet`s conceit is also notable fo its bird imagery. Inasmuch as "hood" is a term of falconry, her comparison to an "unmanned" hawk refers to one that is not fully within the keeper`s grasp and therefore bats its wings in an effort to escape (Bloom 26)."