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The Whiskey Rebellion
Transcript of The Whiskey Rebellion
Political opposition to tax continued, but violence was quelled
Most of the country was happy about the way George Washington handled it-Democratic Republicans were not
Tax was repealed in 1802 Unit Question Focus Question Government under Articles of Confederation did not
have power to levy taxes Forced to borrow money Congress combined national and state debts Bond holders need to be paid → tax on whiskey First tax on a domestic product Tax became law in March 1791 Reactions Immediately controversial Social reformers thought tax would inform public about harmful effects of alcohol Gave large distillers an advantage Early Rebellion Farmers on the frontier often used whiskey for trading, and got upset when they had to pay taxes for it
In opposition of the tax, rebels in Washington County, Pennsylvania, attacked their tax collector’s home
Other people began to follow their example and violence increased Rebels tarring and feathering a tax collector. Rebellion and Federal Intervention Government told rebels to end violence
Federal government met with rebel leaders to avoid
1794-Washington led13,000 militiamen into PA
Late 1794-troops entered PA and arrested 150 rebels
No formal battle The Whiskey Rebellion was a rebellion against a federal tax on whiskey intended to pay off the leftover debts from the Revolutionary War. It was one of the most important movements of the early republic because it tested the federal government’s power for the first time since the Constitution’s ratification. It also was the first time federal troops were used to suppress the people. Whiskey tax receipt George Washington reviewing troops on their way to confront the rebels Westerners were some of the strongest opponents to the tax Small farmers (esp. in the west) vs. large manufacturers in East •Strengthened political value of rule of law
-Showed the people that the law was to be followed
•Strengthened the Constitutional principle of Federalism
-Both the federal government and state governments worked to crush the rebellion Bibliography Showed US citizens that government would not stand for violence
Showed that government had power to levy taxes
Made American political culture what it is today by demonstrating the supremacy of the government in affairs that are possibly dangerous to the common well-being Washington at Carlisle 1794 Alexander Hamilton Constitution Newspaper
reaction George Washington pardons and sets free those who were convicted People fighting in the rebellion Alexander Hamilton, first Secretary of the Treasury (1789-1795). TTB.gov. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Dec. 2012. <http://www.google.com/imgres?q=alexander+hamilton+ttb.gov&hl=en&tbo=d&biw=1280&bih=611&tbm=isch&tbnid=yIMCdOQtOFgXgM:&imgrefurl=http://www.ttb.gov/public_info/whisky_rebellion.shtml&docid=pGfsbpmjB8TXbM&imgurl=http://www.ttb.gov/images/image002.jpg&w=124&h=197&ei=vrPHUPAaytvRAfLrgbAG&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=185&vpy=96&dur=10&hovh=157&hovw=99&tx=88&ty=42&sig=105965150290088605676&page=1&tbnh=134&tbnw=84&start=0&ndsp=30&ved=1t:429,r:2,s:0,i:89>.
Argus, Ann Arbor. Whisky Trust Fights the Tax. 24 Sept. 1894. Aadl.org. Web. 13 Dec. 2012. <http://oldnews.aadl.org/node/123894>.
"George Washington: 1st President of the United States." Wkipedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Dec. 2012. <http://www.google.com/imgres?q=george+washington&um=1&hl=en&tbo=d&noj=1&tbm=isch&tbnid=0DLhh544zp5gEM:&imgrefurl=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Washington&docid=0eDprMvBFKnmJM&imgurl=http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b6/Gilbert_Stuart_Williamstown_Portrait_of_George_Washington.jpg/220px-Gilbert_Stuart_Williamstown_Portrait_of_George_Washington.jpg&w=220&h=263&ei=COTJUKK_ArTh0wGfiYDwDQ&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=2&vpy=150&dur=369&hovh=210&hovw=176&tx=85&ty=134&sig=102568183728486655216&page=1&tbnh=134&tbnw=105&start=0&ndsp=39&ved=1t:429,r:0,s:0,i:151&biw=1280&bih=838>.
Hoover, Michael. "The Whiskey Rebellion." Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau. U.S. Department of Treasury, 4 Sept. 2012. Web. 10 Dec. 2012. <http://www.ttb.gov/public_info/whisky_rebellion.shtml>.
President Washington, astride a white horse, reviews his troops at Carlisle, Pennsylvania in September 1794. TTB.gov. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Dec. 2012. <http://www.google.com/imgres?q=the+whiskey+rebellion+ttb.gov&hl=en&tbo=d&biw=1280&bih=611&tbm=isch&tbnid=pECRqdzmj3pndM:&imgrefurl=http://www.ttb.gov/public_info/whisky_rebellion.shtml&docid=pGfsbpmjB8TXbM&imgurl=http://www.ttb.gov/images/image009.jpg&w=377&h=256&ei=6bfHULHKIq-n0AG-rYHgDQ&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=424&vpy=142&dur=673&hovh=184&hovw=271&tx=139&ty=68&sig=105965150290088605676&page=1&tbnh=144&tbnw=209&start=0&ndsp=24&ved=1t:429,r:3,s:0,i:92>.
"protestors-tar-and-feather-a-tax-collector-during-the-whiskey-rebellion-in-pennsylvania-c-1790." Whiskey Rebellion: Conservative Political Blog. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Dec. 2012. <http://whiskeyrebellionblog.files.wordpress.com/2011/05/protestors-tar-and-feather-a-tax-collector-during-the-whiskey-rebellion-in-pennsylvania-c-1790.jpg>.
A receipt for the whiskey tax, 1798. TTB.gov. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Dec. 2012. <http://www.google.com/imgres?q=the+whiskey+rebellion+ttb.gov+tax&hl=en&tbo=d&biw=1280&bih=611&tbm=isch&tbnid=_bgTi7QdFJtPtM:&imgrefurl=http://www.ttb.gov/public_info/whisky_rebellion.shtml&docid=pGfsbpmjB8TXbM&imgurl=http://www.ttb.gov/images/image005.jpg&w=376&h=185&ei=dLjHUIy5OsOZ0QHehICYDg&zoom=1&iact=rc&dur=349&sig=105965150290088605676&page=1&tbnh=141&tbnw=286&start=0&ndsp=22&ved=1t:429,r:1,s:0,i:86&tx=199&ty=27>.
A tax collector is tarred and feathered by anti-tax frontiersmen during the Whiskey Rebellion. TTB.gov. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Dec. 2012. <http://www.google.com/imgres?q=the+whiskey+rebellion+of+1794&num=10&hl=en&sa=X&tbo=d&biw=1280&bih=611&tbm=isch&tbnid=7eFhDfreyO-_3M:&imgrefurl=http://www.ttb.gov/public_info/whisky_rebellion.shtml&docid=pGfsbpmjB8TXbM&imgurl=http://www.ttb.gov/images/image007.jpg&w=329&h=232&ei=zK_HUKqoM_Co0AHxlIDwAw&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=405&vpy=133&dur=458&hovh=185&hovw=263&tx=152&ty=50&sig=105965150290088605676&page=1&tbnh=143&tbnw=197&start=0&ndsp=18&ved=1t:429,r:2,s:0,i:89>.
"United States Constitution." Wikipedia. Wikipedia, 8 Dec. 2012. Web. 13 Dec. 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_Constitution>.
"The Whiskey Rebellion." Archiving Early America. Archiving Early America, n.d. Web. 12 Dec. 2012. <http://www.earlyamerica.com/earlyamerica/milestones/whiskey/>.
"The Whiskey Rebellion." Public Broadcasting Service (PBS). Public Broadcasting Service (PBS), n.d. Web. 12 Dec. 2012. <http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/duel/peopleevents/pande22.html>.
"The Whiskey Rebellion - Washington at Carlisle 1794." Gallon. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Dec. 2012. <http://www.google.com/imgres?num=10&hl=en&tbo=d&biw=1280&bih=838&tbm=isch&tbnid=W9Jay6LhS1LpqM:&imgrefurl=http://www.gallon.com/proddetail.asp%3Fprod%3Dgl-pr-115&docid=6zKJ_uc3niwa1M&imgurl=http://www.gallon.com/prodimages/gl-pr-115.jpg&w=600&h=449&ei=LZPIUPvfNZKP0QG1l4CoBw&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=553&vpy=173&dur=1178&hovh=194&hovw=260&tx=120&ty=100&sig=116688349728156074443&page=1&tbnh=129&tbnw=170&start=0&ndsp=27&ved=1t:429,r:3,s:0,i:97>.