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Transcript of Iroquois Confederacy
The Iroquois Confederacy By Graham Horyn The Iroquois Nations The Seneca Nation The Seneca Nation, meaning the People of the Great Hill, was one of the five original nations of the Iroquois Confederacy. Their traditional homeland was between the Genesee River and Canandaigua Lake in what is now called New York State. The Seneca were also known as the "Keepers of the Western Door" because they lived west of all the other nations. They were responsible for guarding the Iroquois Confederacy from threats from the west. The Seneca sided with the British during the Revolutionary War? Did you know? The Cayuga Nation The Cayuga Nation, meaning the People of the Great Swamp, was one of the five original members of the Iroquois Confederacy. Their traditional homeland lay in the Finger Lakes region along Cayuga Lake, between the Onondaga and Seneca nations. The Haudenosaunee decided to remain neutral during the American Revolutionary War. However, political relations between the Cayuga, the British, and the colonists during the American Revolution were complicated. Generally the Cayuga favored the British. The Onondaga Nation The Onondaga meaning the People of the Hills, are one of the original five nations of the Iroquois Confederacy. Their traditional homeland is in and around Onondaga County, New York. They are known as the “Keepers of the Central Fire.” The Cayuga and Seneca nations were located to their west. The Oneida and Mohawk nations were located to their east. Onondaga is the capital of the Iroquois Confederacy. Traditional Haudenosaunee chiefs met and still meet at centrally located Onondaga to conduct meetings. The Oneida Nation The Oneida, meaning the People of the Standing Stone, are one of the five founding nations of the Iroquois Confederacy. The Oneida inhabited the areas around what later became known as Oneida Lake and Oneida County in Central New York. The Mohawk Nation The Mohawk, meaning the People of the Flint, are one of the five founding nations of the Iroquois Confederacy. The Mohawks inhabited part of what is now known as the Mohawk Valley in New York State. The Tuscarora Nation The Tuscarora Nation, meaning the Shirt-Wearing People, joined the Iroquois Confederacy in 1722. They were the sixth nation to join the Iroquois Confederacy. How was the Iroquois Confederacy structured? The people of the 6 nations were called Haudenosaunee. The Haudenosaunee lived in buildings called longhouses. Relatives lived in the same longhouse. They followed a rule called the Great Law of Peace. All the nations decided to follow this rule and that's what created the Iroquois Confederacy. The nations had to bury all their weapons under the Tree of Peace. The Iroquois Confederacy had a Grand Council which made the desicions for the Iroquois. Did you know? -The Mohawk had 9 chiefs
-The Oneida had 9 chiefs
-The Onondaga had 14 chiefs
-The Cayuga had 10 chiefs
-The Seneca had 8 chiefs The chiefs were chosen by the clan mothers. The Role of Women in the Iroquois Confederacy In the Iroquois Confederacy, women:
-Planted and tended for the crops
-They owned property
-They had positions of respect
-Her husband would come to live with her
-Their children belonged to their mother's clan
-They raised corn, beans, and squash (The 3 Sisters)
-They raised the children.
-If they were clan mothers, they were leaders of the clan Women had big roles in the Iroquois Confederacy. How Were Decisions made in the Iroquois Confederacy? The Great law of Peace was written so the Iroquois could live together in peace and harmony. Everyone had a voice. The Iroquois used a method called consensus. Consensus is a process made by the people having an equal voice. At clan meetings the men, women, children, and elders had a chance to speak. The Seneca and Mohawk were considered the older brothers. The Cayuga and Oneida were considered the younger brothers and the Onondaga was the fire keeper. To make a decision, the Seneca and the Mohawk would do the first draft and the Cayuga and the Oneida if they didn't agree they would start over. When they agreed, the Onondaga would make the final decision. What was the wampum used for in the Iroquois Confederacy? The 2 Row wampum belt Friendship Peace Mutual Respect River with a
birch bark canoe River with
a ship The Hiawatha wampum belt Seneca Onondaga/Tree of Peace Mohawk Cayuga Oneida Path of
Peace Actually, there were 2 wampum belts. The 2 Row wampum belt ( the older one) and the Hiawatha wampum belt (the newer one). They define the relationship between the sovereign nations who agree with the treaty. How did the Iroquois Confederacy establish the democratic ideas of fairness and equity? First of all everyone in the Iroquois Confederacy was treated the same. Everyone could take part on a decision no matter what gender. Everyone could vote. Men and women got to vote on the clan mother. All people in a clan were treated equally. Because of this, the Six Nations had established fairness and equity. Special Thanks to... www.nelson.com. Retrieved April 27 from the Nelson Education Website
J.Craig Harding and Alan Sears(2008) Voices in Democracy: Action and Participation: Susan Cox
www.iroquoismuseum.org. Retrieved April 13 from the Iroquois Museum Website The End