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Neurology & Medical Advances.

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Gabby Kinser

on 10 September 2013

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Transcript of Neurology & Medical Advances.

History of Neuroscience and medical advances.
460-379 B.C. - Hippocrates discusses seizures as a disturbance of the brain
He aslo states that the brain is involved with sensation and is where you get your intelligence.

1316 - Mondino de'Luzzi writes the first European anatomy textbook (Anothomia)

In 1664 Thomas Willis publised, "Anatomy of The Brain." that deeply influenced the next two centuries.

1260 - Louis IX founds the Hopital des Quinze-Vingts, the first institution for the blind.
1402 - St. Mary of Bethlehem Hospital is used exclusively for the mentally ill. This hospital branches out and leads other counties to establish hospitals for the mentally ill.

1410 - Institution for the mentally ill established in Valencia, Spain. They not only kept the mentally ill but they studied their behaviors and that lead to more studies about brain patterns with mentally ill patients.

Anton Van Leeuwenhoek developed a single lens microscope.
Christian Huygens formulated the wave of light and constructs oculars made of two lenses and a diaphragm.

John Marshall develops a microscope base with an illumination system.
John Cuff used a condenser lens to increase light intensity.
Georg Adams constructed microscopes with a revolving nose piece to change objectives.
1842 - Benedikt Stilling is first to study spinal cord in serial sections

1855 Giovanni Battsta Amici first person to use immersion objectives
1899 - Karl Gustav August Bier uses cocaine for anesthesia, The first type of anesthesia that worked for long periods of time

In 1947 the EEG society (electroencephalography) was founded. Thus, allowing us to see the brain's spontaneous electrical activity

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1949 given to Walter Rudolf Hess for discovering the role played by certain parts of the brain in coordinating the functions of internal organs.

Eugene Roberts reported the discovery of γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in the brain in 1950.GABA as the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the vertebrate central nervous system. This also helped scientist to study steroids and of amyloid on nervous system function

1956 - L. Leksell uses ultrasound to examine the brain, which let us see a more detailed description of what is causing problems in our brain.

387 B.C- Plato teaches at Athens. Believes brain is the place of mental process
1981: 3-D specimen images possible with the invention of the scanning tunneling microscope by Gerd Binnig and Heinrich Rohrer.
1830: Joseph Jackson Lister discovers that using weak lenses together at various distances provided clear magnification.
1903: Richard Zsigmondy invents the ultramicroscope, which allows for observation of specimens below the wavelength of light.
Barnett HJ. Prevention of stroke. Am J Med. 1980
1590- Zacharias Janssen invented the first microscope.

1997-2007- the cure for parkinsons disease came out.
Day to day more and more studies are being conducted regarding neuroscience. Therefor, this is only the start of our knowledge about neurology.
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