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Marshall Plan and the Berlin Airlift

By Kayla Capps

Kayla Capps

on 29 April 2010

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Transcript of Marshall Plan and the Berlin Airlift

Marshall Plan and the Berlin Airlift Marshall Plan Basic overview: The Marshall Plan was a program the United States created for rebuilding and creating a stronger economy for the countries of Western Europe. The program was named after Secretary of State George Marshall. Marshall spoke of his want to help in his address at Harvard University in June 1947. It started in 1947 and ended in 1951. The Berlin Airlift Basic overview: Key People: Key People: Soviet Union Western Allies Its effect and how it ended: Curtis LeMay Lucius D. Clay During post-World War II, the Soviet Union blocked the Western Allies' railways and roads to a part of Berlin that was within their control. Their goal was to get the allies' to step back long enough for the Soviets to start supplying Berlin with food and fuel, which would get the Soviets almost all control over the entire city. In response, the allies carried supplies to the people in West Berlin via aircraft at an amazing figure of 4,000 tons per day! The success of the Airlift humiliated the Soviets, and eventually forced them to end the blockade. It started with the US State Department stating the "way appears clear" for the blockade to end. Soon afterwards, the four powers began serious negotiations, and a settlement was reached on behalf of the Western Allies. In May 1949, the Allies announced an agreement to end the blockade in eight days. The Blockade helped to get over any remaining differences between the French, British and Americans regarding West Germany. Animosities between Germans and the Western Allies were greatly reduced by the airlift, with the former enemies recognizing common interests, shared values and mutual respect. The Marshall Plan allowed the nations of Western Europe to not have to worry with rationing, leaving the countries at ease and bringing political stability. The communist influence on Western Europe was greatly reduced,and the party's popularity faded. Its effect and how it ended: George Marshall Western Europe The United States The End! He headed the Berlin airlift. Clay gave the order for the Berlin Airlift.
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