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Ch. 12 Group Discussion

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Ashlyn Drzewiecki

on 14 May 2014

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Transcript of Ch. 12 Group Discussion

Participating In Group Discussions
Discussion Format
Planning for Group Discussion
a. Brainstorming- Quickly coming up with many ideas from everyone in the group
Share all ideas with the group
withhold evaluation until all the ideas have been given
reward group members for voicing ideas
write down all ideas before you forget them
the more ideas the better
b. Gathering Information
knowledge and experience of individual group members
research in the library or on the internet
opinions, beliefs, and values researched directly by the group
c. Strategy #1: Asking questions and Listening
d. Strategy #2: Using Questionnaires

Working Toward A Resolution
Precise Language:
vaguely worded questions can diffuse the group's energy and concentration. Using more exact wording can help keep things focused and moving forward.

Key Point:
A compromise focused on achieving the group’s goal will resolve the group’s problem and promote ownership among group members.

Framing a Discussion Question
Ch. 12 Group Discussion
By: A group of 14 people!
Identifying the Purpose of Group Discussions
Private Discussions
Panel Discussion - A formal task group that meets in front of an audience.
Symposium - a type of formal public discussion in which each speaker has prepared a a presentation to address a topic.
Town Hall Meeting-in which people of a community are invited to voice opinions or ask questions of public figures.
Public Discussions
There are two types of discussion formats:

Public Discussions
- open to everyone

Private Discussions
- takes place out of view of an audience
Objective Discussion/Types of Discussion Questions
Question of Fact -
answered by obtaining evidence
Question of Value -
a question that is open to interpretation
Question of Policy -
attempts to discover what action should be taken
Qualities of Effective Leaders
Leaders should be

unaffected by the role

organized, flexible, and sensitive to the group's needs

a good listener, open to learning from experience
Goals and Compromise
Impromptu Contributions and Speeches
impromptu- speaking without invitation or preparation
4. Decision and Ownership
a. Voting- at some point in the decision-making process, group members will likely vote
b. Consensus- general agreement ( like a compromise )
c. Strategies for Reaching Consensus
allow others to talk
take time
word the decision carefully
remember the strategies for generating supportive climate

Styles of Group Leadership
- Single leader who dominates and dictates processes to group members.

- One or more leaders attempt to help the group develop it's own identity based on input from all the members.

Laissez Faire
- Marked by a leader who allows the group to figure out its own processes with little interference.

Leading a Group
Types of Leaders

Formal Leadership
: Leadership that is designated as a norm of the group.

Informal Leadership
: Emerges from the natural functioning of the group.
Creating A Supportive Climate:
a. Supportive Climate- group environment in which individuals trust each other
b. Defensive Climate- occurs when a member perceives or anticipates a personal threat
c. Describe, Don't Evaluate- don't shut down an idea with a negative comment
d. Focus on the problem, not who's in control
e. use other Supportive Strategies-
keep an open mind
recognizing equality among members
withholding final judgement
f. Use Empathy and Group Roles
Gatekeeper - opens up suggestions from all people.
Information seeker - Requests clarification of statements.
Opinion seeker - looking for all opinions.
Procedure developer - keeps everybody involved.

It is important to make discussion questions problem-based rather than solution based. This will lead to better results.
-takes place out of view of an audience
- a roundtable: an open forum discussion in which all participants have equal status and freedom to speak candidly and informally.
Participating in Group Discussion
Guidelines for Leading a Group
Group vs.Individual Problem-solving

The Problem-Solving Sequence

Step One:
Determine if a problem exists.
Step Two:
Analyze and describe the problem.
Step Three:
Generate a list of possible ways to solve the problem.
Step Four:
Evaluate solutions and choose one.
Step Five:
See that the solution is turned into action

Brainstorm ideas including everyone in the group.
Focus on one topic and develop a specific plan. Practice your presentation to make sure everything is correct and you are ready to present.
Subjective wording
: wording that can push a group toward a solution that is buried in the question.
Objective wording
: opposite of subjective
- Locate a meeting place, set a start and end time, notify everyone about the meeting and prepare an agenda

Develop Procedures
- Review group tasks and present carefully worded discussion questions as well as trying to keep everything on a positive note
Keep the Discussion Moving - Fill roles not filled by others, try our best to relieve tensions

Close the Meeting
- Summarize the suggestions and review what needs to be accomplished
Now it's time for a game!
Get into groups of 7 and wait for instructions.
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