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GKT Task 1
Transcript of GKT Task 1
Geography and the Development/diffusion of human society
This example fits the theme because Petra was at the center of the trade routes and situated in an area where winter flash floods would flow into the city, however, the Nabataeans built the first hydraulic system to conserve this water for later use.
Geography and the Development/Diffusion of Human Society: World- Petra
Historical Systems of Power, Governance, and Authority: World- North Korea
Individuals and Institutions as Mechanisms of Social/Governmental Change: US- Rosa Parks
Science and Technology as the Engine of Economic Growth and Development: US: Solar Power
Even though Petra was in the middle of a desert, it was able to sustain a civilization of nearly 40,000 people because of their ingenious flood control and subsequent water supply. They built a dam to control the flood and cut into the rock to make tunnel like pipes with reservoirs and purifying basins. The Greek is known for water technologies, but what makes Petra so unique is it's water conservation technology. During the droughts Petra was able to survive ("Petra", 1999).
One of the most important components to Petra's survival was its fortress-like design. The city is built deep into the mountains of Jordan. The city was very secure with its twisting paths between narrow canyons and deep gorges.
For nearly two centuries Petra flourished, until competition grew with more competitive prices and less taxes and Petra met its downfall ("Petra", 1999).
Individuals and institutions as mechanisms of social/governmental change
US: Rosa Parks
This example fits the theme because Rosa Parks is well known for her actions that spurred a chance in the Civil Rights Movement
The beginning of the Civil Rights movement is often accredited to the day a little known seamstress refused to move to the back of the bus so that a white passenger could have her seat. She was fined and arrested. Her name was Rosa Parks.
This incident on December 1, 1955 was highly publicized and from it came the Montgomery Improvement Association, which was lead by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Local activists boycotted the Montgomery bus system for over a year causing a serious threat to the bus economy since nearly 75% of all the riders were African American. 381 days later the supreme court ruled it unconstitutional to racially segregate on the buses (Esten, 2014).
Parks became an icon in the Civil Rights Movement. Her activity caused her and her husband to loser their jobs and move elsewhere. She was also not in agreement with King’s ideas on how to proceed. Nevertheless, King rode this momentum and on July 2, 1964 the Civil Rights Act was enacted (Esten, 2014).
Historical systems of power, governance, and authority
World: North Korea
This example fits the theme because North Korea's radical form of government and cult of personality is well known for its power over the people of North Korea.
By controlling the nations media propaganda, a cult of personality has emerged surrounding the Kim Family. North Koreans are groomed to learn that Day 1 began when their leader was born, to refer to their leader as the “Sun”, and every piece of writing must begin with a sentence of praise for their leader (Pruitt, 2013).
When Japan was defeated in 1945, North Korea was liberated. Korea was split into two nations; the North and the South. Due to conflicting claims of which nation was the supreme ruler, the Korean War began. Although they are at cease –fire, the nations remain at war because a peace treaty was never signed. Kim Il-sung became the first leader and since then only his family has governed North Korea. Currently, Kim Jong-un is the supreme leader.
The government feeds lies to the North Koreans in order to gain their trust and adoration. Lies such as South Korea is a suffering American occupied country, North Korea is the envy of all nations, the government restricts their internet use so they wont find things about the West that makes North Koreans think ill towards them (Mercier, 2011).
There are very harsh consequences for leaving North Korea and questioning the rules. The living conditions are so poor already, with a lack of electricity, running water, heat or A/C, and food, that jail is unimaginable. The government uses fear to control the minds of North Korea and using false reassurance that their army is protecting them from the US invasion and the harm Americans will do to them (Mercier, 2011).
Science and Technology as the Engine of Economic Growth and Development
US: Solar Power
This example fits the theme because solar energy decreases the use of foreign oil as an energy source, keeps money in the US to help fuel our economy, creates American jobs, and keeps our ecosystem intact.
Before solar power and still currently the US drills for oil, an energy source, here in America and supplements the rest of our needs by purchasing oil from foreign countries . By putting money into another countries economy America is increasing its national trade deficit. Over $20 billion dollars a year leaves our country to purchase foreign oil (Hargreaves, 2013).
The first solar panel was created by German scientist Charles Fritts in 1880 when there was talk that coal may soon be scarce. Another resource was necessary. Although production was slow because other resources were available, hype picked up again in the 1990's with talk about global warming and the effects energy production has on our environment (Perlin, 1999).
Impact on the economy
In 2013 alone, sales were up 76% from the previous year, this is money that stays in the US.
Around 500,000 homes in the US were retrofitted for solar power.
Solar Power has created 119,000 US jobs
Solar Power is more than twice as inexpensive as the alternative power sources: oil and natural gas.
Solar Power will save billions of dollars if America no longer purchased foreign oil
Homeowners recieve a 20% tax break for using solar power
Petra was a civilization built at the crossroads of the trade routes. The Nabateans were considered the mediators of trading goods such as perfumes, spices, herbs, medicines, metals, silk, and gems ("Petra", 1999).