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THE BLUE MOSQUE
Transcript of THE BLUE MOSQUE
The design of the Sultan Ahmed Mosque is the culmination of two centuries of both Ottoman mosque and Byzantine church developments. It incorporates some Byzantine elements of the neighboring Hagia Sophia with traditional Islamic architecture and is considered to be the last great mosque of the classical period of Ottoman Empire.
After losing Georgia and Azerbaijan to Persia, Ahmed I decided to build a big Mosque as he felt Allah was angry with him.
The Mosque was built on the site of the palace of the Byzantine emperors, facing the Hagia Sophia.Several other palaces were brought done to make room for the new mosque.
THE BLUE MOSQUE
The Sultan Ahmed Mosque (Turkish: Sultan Ahmet Camii) is a historic mosque in Istanbul. The mosque is popularly known as the Blue Mosque for the blue tiles adorning the walls of its interior.
It was built from 1609 to 1616, during the rule of Ahmed I.
The Blue Mosque used to be a hospital, a center of learning and mosque; but now only a mosque.
The building of huge mosques in history was funded by the spoils of war, but due to the fact that Ahmed I did not win any notable wars, he used funds from the treasury which created some upset.
Construction of the mosque started in August 1609 under the command of Mehmet Aga, a pupil and senior assistant of the famous architect Mimar Sinan.
The facade of the spacious forecourt was built in the same manner as the facade of the Süleymaniye Mosque. The court is about as large as the mosque itself. The central hexagonal fountain is smaller compared to the size of the courtyard. The porticoes are covered by cupolas.
A heavy iron chain hanged in the upper part of the court entrance, so that the sultan on his horseback had to lower his head every time he entered the court. This was done to ensure humility.
It can take up to 10000 people.
It has one main dome and eight secondary domes
Length : 73 m or 240 ft
Width : 65 m or 213 ft
The mosque has six minarets(conical crown) and the courtyard is the biggest of all the Ottoman mosques.
Each Minaret is 64 m or 210 ft tall.
The mosque is characterized by perfect symmetry as the central dome is flanked by eight large semi-domes that are surrounded by smaller semi-domes. The minarets have a cylindrical shape.
The original plan was to make four minarets made of gold.
Because of some confusion in the wording, the architect made six minarets instead of four as the name for gold in Turkish is Altin and the word for six is Alti.
One more minaret was added to the Masjid al-Haram to settle the issue as the maximum number of minarets that should be added to any mosque is four.
On the chandeliers, ostrich eggs are found to avoid cobwebs inside the mosque by repelling spiders.The walls are also decorated with verses from the Qur'an.
Each semi dome has 14 windows and the central dome 28 windows.The most important element in the interior of the mosque is the mihrab, which is made of finely carved and sculptured marble . The many lamps inside the mosque were once covered with gold and gems.
All these decorations have been removed or pillaged for museums.
The interior of the mosque is lined with more than 20,000 handmade ceramic tiles, made at Iznik city (Nicaea) in more than fifty different tulip designs.
Done By: Bashar Alomosh
Course : Arabic Heritage 101E
Professor Richard Todd