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Pro's and Con's of the Dawes Act
Transcript of Pro's and Con's of the Dawes Act
Senator Henry Dawes
Advantages of the Act
Disadvantages of the Act
"Dawes Act." Dawes Act. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Sept. 2013.
"Home." Our Documents. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Sept. 2013.
The writer of the Dawes Act.
He thought it should no longer be necessary for the government to oversee Indian welfare in the paternalistic way it had been obligated to do, or provide meager annuities that seemed to keep the Indian in a subservient and poverty-stricken position.
This act protected Natives property from land rushes
Profits from the sales of exes lands were often invested in programs meant to aid American Indians.
Made sure that all generations had land for use at the present time
“To each head of a family, one-quarter of a section; To each single person over eighteen years of age, one-eighth of a section ; To each orphan child under eighteen years of age, one-eighth of a section; and To each other single person under eighteen years now living, or who may be born prior to the date of the order of the President directing an allotment of the lands embraced in any reservation, one-sixteenth of a section…”
Treaty lands were taken away and natives were placed on unfamiliar land.
Most of the new lands given to the indians were near-desert enviroments that were not useable for farming.
Native Americans lost, over the 47 years of the Acts life, about 90 million acers of trety lands.
Over 90,000 Native americans were made landless