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Childhood Obesity

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on 12 January 2014

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Transcript of Childhood Obesity

Effects of Obesity
- Type 2 diabetes
- Joint problems
- High blood pressure
- Elevated blood cholesterol
- Liver disease
- Bone problems
- Asthma
- Sleep disorders
- Eating disorders
- Skin infections
- Fatigue
- Cancer
How Can we Decrease the Amount of Children that are Obese?
by Nicholas Probert
Inquiry Question:

How can we decrease the amount of children that are obese?
What is Obesity?
The government can lower the taxes on healthy foods and raise the taxes on unhealthy foods. Since it's cheaper, parents will buy healthier foods for their kids. They can also encourage stores to lower the prices on healthy foods and raise the prices on unhealthy foods. They can do this by giving money to farmers, which would make farmers sell crops for less to the stores which would make stores sell these fruits and vegetables for less to people.

Children are surrounded by ads promoting unhealthy foods. The government needs to make a law to control this.
According to the Childhood Obesity Foundation,
in 1978, only 15% of Canadian children were obese. Currently, 31% of children are obese. If this continues, by 2040, 42% of children in Canada will be obese. Obesity costs Ontario $1.6 billion dollars a year. Someone who is obese is expected to die 7 years earlier than someone of healthy weight at the same age.
Schools can help reduce the amount of obese children by not selling hot dogs. Schools can also enforce a rule that makes you eat less unhealthy foods (e.g. you can eat one unhealthy food every 2 days). In health, schools can teach children about how it is bad to eat unhealthy foods and good to eat healthy foods. In some schools, there are tests conducted to inform you of your risk of obesity. If children know the consequences of eating unhealthy, than they would eat healthy. Schools can also teach kids about Canada's Food Guide.
Another way to stop obesity is by
Physical Activity at School
Students should get DPA at school because many kids have after-school classes like practicing the piano or guitar. Teachers say they can't fit exercise into an "already packed school day." Principals say insufficient equipment, space, teacher training and commitment are the reasons they don't do physical activity. Some schools have DPA every day so the kids will be active. For example, where I used to go, at Legacy Public School every class has DPA at the same time, together, every day.
General Physical Activities
Examples of physical activities are bike riding, walking and tag. You can do these activities whenever you want to. You can do these activities in many places. These activities cost little or no money.
Physical Education
Schools need to have more physical education. Schools can even increase the amount of time students are in school just for physical education. Children are supposed to have 60 minutes of physical activity a day. Why not do those 60 minutes at school? A negative from schools are, right now at Boxwood, children get 50 minutes of physical education a week!
Team Sports
It should be necessary to play a team sport when you are a kid. If every single kid in the world participated in a team sport, almost no one would be obese. Examples of team sports are hockey, soccer and baseball.
Video Games
Video games are very addictive and realistic. Some video games are so realistic, someone watching you might think they are watching something on TV. Some video games are so addictive that children will play them all day. Parents need to reduce the amount of time children can play video games.
Where are the most obese children?
Parents play a big part in whether or not their children are obese. Parents should give their children healthy foods whenever possible. Instead of chips or a chocolate bar, parents can make their child eat fruits and vegetables. It is easier to do this if there are no unhealthy foods kept in the house. Parents can make sure their children don't go to restaurants too much. Parents can control how big portions are. Children who eat with their family and don't watch TV when they eat are less likely to be obese than someone who does watch TV when they eat.
If you get some of those effects you're going to end up having to go to the hospital. If lots of people are obese, than hospitals will overflow. If someone else gets sick, than there won't be enough nurses and doctors to help everyone. The only way to help everyone is to get more equipment, nurses and doctors. To do this, hospitals would need more money. Hospitals get money from the government and the government gets money from people by taxes.
If people keep getting obese and filling up hospitals, taxes will be higher. Even if you are not obese, but many others are, you still will have to pay high taxes. Right now, Ontario spends half it's provincial budget on health care systems. A healthier population could save Ontario billions of dollars.
One positive thing the government has done is introduced the Healthy Schools Plan, where schools can sell only 20% unhealthy foods and 80% healthy foods. Foods in the 20% category are high in sodium, fat and sugar. Some examples are subs and hot dogs. Foods in the 80% category are low in sodium, fat and sugar. Some examples are carrots, pizza, milk, lunch lady and oranges. There is also a category of foods and beverages that are not permitted to be sold in school. They are very high in sodium, fat and sugar. Some examples are pop, chips and chocolate bars.
Something else positive that the government does is provide money for community groups to buy their students healthy snacks. At Boxwood, last year we got "Monday Morning Munchies," which were things like carrots and cucumbers. This year we don't get it because it costs too much money and lots of students were not eating the snack.
Negative things are that new communities have fewer sidewalks, less space for parks, fewer bike lanes and fewer recreation programs. The government needs to work on having more of these. Children from families with low income are less likely to be physically active. Children who are new to Canada are less likely to be physically active than someone whose lived in Canada for more than 3 years. New children focus on adapting to the environment instead of being active.
Schools need to have at least 20 minutes of daily physical activity (DPA) because that is what the Healthy Schools Plan states. The Healthy Schools Plan made this rule in 2005. This is positive because children should now exercise on their own and at school. According to the Childhood Obesity Foundation, children are recommended to have 60 minutes of physical activity a day. Only 7 percent of children get the recommended 60 minutes.
Children should have to do/play at least one physical activity per day so they will not be obese. If parents are healthy their kids will be healthy, too. If parents exercise often, their kids will exercise often, too. Studies show that children who are physically active get better marks on tests and are more likely to graduate from university. Studies also show exercise improves concentration, attention span and mood.
I will now show you interviews with our principal Ms. Arnold and the principal of Legacy Public School, Mrs. Burton. I chose to interview both of them because I wanted to compare the two schools on how much daily physical activity the students get and how they do their daily physical activity.
I will now show you an interview with the Head of Athlete Development at Canlan Ice Sports, Dennis Treacy. I chose to interview him because I wanted to know how much exercise a professional got.
1. About how many dollars does obesity cost Ontario every year in terms of health care?
2. Up to how much of a tax credit can your parents get every year for you participating in an organized sport?
a) $1000
b) $750
c) $500
d) $250
3. Which one is usually a team sport?
a) baseball
b) tag
c) walking
d) riding a scooter
9. True or false? Obese people can indirectly cause you to pay higher taxes.
10. Which one does exercise NOT improve?
a) attention span
b) friendships
c) mood
d) concentration
11. How many minutes of daily physical activity should
have according to the Ministry of Education?
12. What percentage of kids get 60 minutes of physical activity every day?
a) 16%
b) 30%
c) 50%
d) 7%
My inquiry question was “How can we decrease the amount of children that are obese?” I found out that there were two main things that affect whether a child is obese or not. These are, what they eat and how active they are. Through my presentation, I have shown many ways children can be healthy, with help from parents, schools, the government, and the children themselves. If they all did something, even if it was something little, it would make a difference in childhood obesity rates.
Obesity is when your B.M.I. is higher than 30.0. Children become obese when they eat more than their body can hold. http://nhlbisupport.com/bmi/.
Obesity occurs when your body stores too much body fat and your weight is well above the average for your age and height.
Obesity is measured by Body Mass Index (B.M.I.). Your B.M.I. estimates your body fat and is calculated from your height and weight. Your B.M.I. measures your body fat using this table:
Underweight - Below 18.5
Normal - 18.5–24.9
Overweight - 25.0–29.9
Obesity - 30.0 and Above
How to stay active
In your everyday lives, there are many simple things you can do to stay healthy, such as:

- Whenever you can, walk instead of drive
- Take the stairs instead of elevator or escalator
- Park further from a store and walk
- If you have a dog, take long walks
- Shovel snow
- Dance to music
- Go swimming
- Shoot hoops
- Skateboard
- Inline Skate
If you are going to play video games there are a few things you should do to make you still stay healthy. You should play an active game like NHL Slapshot on a system like Kinect or Wii because you have to move around. You should have a time limit to how long you can play for so you do not play for too long. Do not have a TV in a bedroom so you do not sit for long periods of time. Do not eat unhealthy snacks while you are sitting in front of the TV playing video games.
4. True or false? Blindness is an effect of obesity.
5. True or false? Obese people can indirectly cause you to pay higher taxes.
6. Which one does exercise NOT improve?
a) attention span
b) friendships
c) mood
d) concentration
7. What percentage of kids get 60 minutes of physical activity every day?
a) 7%
b) 16%
c) 30%
d) 50%
Something positive that schools can do is have contests, classes, or groups for fitness activities. You can get a point for running in a spot for the longest time or jumping up and down for the longest time. You can also get points for anything you think of like eating a fruit for snack. You can have prizes if you are doing a contest so people will try hard to get points.
One way is
1. Fitness Activities

2. Tracking Yesterday

3. Quiz

5. What Obesity is

6. What Your B.M.I. is

7. Some Effects of Obesity

8. Statistics of Obesity

9. One way to Stay Healthy

10. How the Government can Help

11. How Schools can Help

12. How Parents can Help
14. Another way to Stop Obesity

15. Physical Activities

16. Daily Physical Activity

17. Interview with Mrs. Burton

18. Interview with Ms.Arnold

19. Organized Sports

20. Interview with Dennis Treacy

21. How the Government can Help

22. Physical Education

23. Video Games

24. Conclusion
I know this because
I added a picture to almost all the slides to keep you interested.
1. What is the definition of obesity?
2. About how many dollars does obesity cost Ontario every year in terms of health care?
3. Up to how much of a tax credit can your parents get every year for you participating in an organized sport?
a) $1000
b) $750
c) $250
d) $500
4. What are 3 medical problems you can get from obesity?
5. How can the the government impact the price of healthy and unhealthy foods?
6. True or false? B.M.I. stands for Body Mass Index.
7. True or false? Schools are allowed to sell hot dogs.
8. Which one is an organized sport?
a) baseball
b) tag
c) walking
d) riding a scooter
9. Schools are allowed to sell which one?
a) 50% healthy foods, 50% unhealthy foods
b) 60% healthy foods, 40% unhealthy foods
c) 20% unhealthy foods, 80% healthy foods
d) 70% healthy foods, 30% unhealthy foods
10. True or false? Blindness is an effect of obesity.
I know that if you eat healthy foods it will help prevent obesity because unhealthy foods have lots of sodium. Sodium is salt and salt is bad for you. Trans fats and saturated fats are also really bad for you. They are bad because they increase body fat and disease risk. There are usually lots of saturated and trans fats in unhealthy foods. There are less in healthy foods.
I know that if you exercise it will prevent obesity because the Childhood Obesity Foundation advises you to have at least 1 hour of physical activity a day. Also, I exercise for at least 1 hour and a half a day and I am not obese. People who do not exercise at all may be obese.
Tracking Yesterday Survey

1. Fitness Activities

2. Tracking Yesterday Survey

3. Quiz

4. Definition of Obesity

5. Effects and Statistics of Obesity

6. Inquiry Question
7. Eating Healthy

8. Exercising
·General Physical Activities
·How to Stay Active
·Physical Activity at School
·Physical Education (2 Interviews)
·Team Sports (Interview)
·Video Games

9. Quiz

10. Conclusion

11. Questions

12. Special Surprise
Product: Fitness Activities
Everybody do 15 jumping jacks.

Everybody run in the spot for 20 seconds.
Special Surprise
I now have a healthy snack for everyone.

Write down the answers to all these questions for yesterday. If you do not know the answer, you can estimate.

1. How many fruits and vegetables did you have?
2. How many minutes were you watching a screen for other than for schoolwork (i.e. TV, computer, video games)?
3. How many minutes of physical activity did you have?
4. How many sugar-sweetened beverages did you have (pop)?

As you can see, Legacy is following the Healthy Schools Plan's rule of schools having 20 minutes of physical activity every day. They have 10 minutes of physical activity and assume the students get the other 10 minutes during recess. At Boxwood, we are not following this rule as closely. Apparently, we students need to talk to our teachers so we can be more physically active.
Parents need to keep their children eating healthy. The government needs to keep on making rules for schools and even restaurants. Schools need to follow all the rules the government gives them. Children really control what they eat. If they want to stay healthy, they should eat healthy foods.

Schools need more physical activity at school. The government needs to make more sidewalks and parks. Video game makers need to stop making video games. Parents can also buy equipment to get their kids to be physically active (e.g. basketball net, basketball). Children can control how active they are by doing physical activities and participating in team sports.

Overall, children themselves control how active they are and how healthy they are.
As you can see, Dennis has 3 hours of physical activity a day, which is triple the recommended amount. He rarely eats unhealthy foods. Everyone needs to try to be as active as Dennis. He participates in a team sport (hockey), and that is how he gets most of his exercise. Dennis is lucky, because he has a job that enables him to be physically active. This greatly contributes to his 3 hours of physical activity.
Please look at your Tracking Yesterday Survey Answers. The best answer for question 1 would be 5 or more fruits and vegetables, question 2 would be 2 or less hours of screen time, question 3 would be 60 or more minutes of physical activity and question 4 would be 0 sugar-sweetened beverages. I hope kids can make healthy choices so they can lead a healthy, active life.
Tracking Yesterday Survey Answers
I will now answer any questions.
A positive is that the government gives you up to a $500 tax credit per year for each child that participates in an organized sport. This allows parents to pay less taxes. Since it is cheaper it encourages more people to participate.
Full transcript