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Philippine Art History
Transcript of Philippine Art History
Specialist/Fine art – is an art produced or intended primarily for beauty rather than utility.
- are any of the art forms, such as sculpture, painting, or music, used to create such art. Revolution - a sudden or momentous change in a situation
- a cycle of successive events or changes
Evolution - a gradual process in which something changes into a different and usually more complex or better form First Man in the Philippines. According to recent archaeological findings, man is ancient in the Philippines. He first came about 2500,000 B.C. during the Ice Age or Middle Pleistocene Period, by way of the land bridges which linked the archipelago with Asia. He was a cousin of the "Java Man," "Peking Man," and other earliest men in Asia. The Coming of the Negritos. Ages after the disappearance of the "Dawn Man", the Negritos from the Asian mainland peopled the Philippines. They came about 25,000 years ago walking dry-shod through Malay Peninsula. The Indonesians, First Sea-Immigrants. After the submergence of the land bridges, another Asian people migrated to the Philippines. They were the maritime Indonesians, who belonged to the Mongoloid race with Caucasian affinities. Exodus of the Malays to the Pacific World. The seafaring Malays also navigated the vast stretches of the uncharted Pacific, discovering and colonizing new islands, as far south as Africa and Madagascar. Their unchronicled and unsung maritime exploits impressed the British Orientalist A.R. Cowen, who wrote: "The Malays indeed were the Phoenicians of the East, and apparently made even longer hauls than the Semitic mariners, their oceanic elbowroom giving them more scope than the coasts of the Mediterranean and the Red Sea." The variety and abundance of Philippine literature evolved even before the colonial periods. Folk tales, epics, poems and marathon chants existed in most ethnolinguistic groups that were passed on from generations to generations through word of mouth. Tales associated with the Spanish conquest also took part in the country's rich cultural heritage. American Colonial Period The first phase was from 1898 to 1935, during which time Washington defined its colonial mission as one of tutelage and preparing the Philippines for eventual independence.
The second period of United States rule—from 1936 to 1946—was characterized by the establishment of the Commonwealth of the Philippines and occupation by Japan during World War II. Seditious Art Seditious and Subversive: Theater of War
Do wars breed theater? Does theater rise out of wars? Is theater a result of war, or is it a weapon, even a battlefield? Is one of the vestiges of war a theater of war? The Philippine experience provides insights. Contemporary Art Modern or contemporary art, although a by-word for decades in the Western world, is a phenomenon of the post-war period in the Philippines. This is not meant to detract from the yeoman efforts of Victorio Edades, Carlos Francisco and Galo Ocampo, who were known as the ‘Triumvirate’ in progressive art circles of the pre-war period. Post 1946 The political history of the Philippines begins clearly from the formation of various ethno-linguistic groups with distinct territorial imperatives and traditions. The political system revolved around a kinship-based power or influence hierarchy headed by a leader called mampus or mapalon among the Ivatan, babacnang or "amaen ti ili" among the Ilocano, apo among the Igorot, benganganat among the Ilongot, mingal among the Gaddang, gat or lakan among the Tagalog, rajah among the Bisayan, timuay among the Subanun, datu among the lumad and Muslim of Mindanao, and nakurah among the Sama. Post Modern IAN QUIRANTE: A POSTMODERN ARTIST July 2009--In Philippine contemporary art, very few young artists have been the subject of much interest than Ian Quirante, a progressive young artist of his generation, who employs surrealism and automatic painting in his works. Forms Music and Dance
Art Music and Dance
The various forms of music also are an indication of the different cultures that exist out here. There is a fine blend of native compositions and modern tunes. The music styles seen here have European and American influences. Art
Apart from music and dance, traditional forms of paintings are also very much predominant in this culture. The painting style that began in the 17th century is continued even today. Other forms of art and craft such as weaving and pottery are also common amongst certain groups of people. Functions Values First, proceed with this caution: No piece of art can be "assigned" a function (or functions), either in essay form or in casual conversation, if it isn't first considered within the proper context. Trying to classify function depends on context. "Every man's ability may be strengthened or increased by culture."--- John Abbott.
The art and culture of Philippines truly reflects the vibrant diversity of the country formed as a result of amalgamation of different ethnic and linguistic groups from different parts of the country.