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Classification of Matter

notes for understanding how we organize matter

Toby Spaulding

on 5 October 2010

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Transcript of Classification of Matter

Classification of Matter
By Toby Spaulding and Joy Hurst September 2010
Anything that has mass
Anything that takes up space
Substance: Matter that is either an element or a compound.
Substances have a specific, special, way of being put together with atoms or molecules.
Substances: Definite Composition
Elements: Substances in which all the atoms in a sample are all alike.
Atoms make up elements and are made of protons, neutrons, and electrons.
Element- Gold
Element- Sulfur
Element- Copper
Element- Carbon
Element-Substance in which all the atoms are exactly the same.
Substances: Definite Composition
Compounds: Substances made of molecules
Compounds: Substances made of two or more elements chemically bonded together.
Molecules make up compounds and are made of specific atoms
Compound-Salt, NaCl
Compound-Aspirin, C9H8O4
Compound-Carbon Dioxide, CO2
Compounds-made of atoms of two or more elements.
Mixture: A material made of elements or compounds stirred together, but not chemically combined or bonded.
Mixtures can be made by mixing lots of different items in any amount.
A mixtures can be separated into its parts.
Heterogeneous Mixtures
Heterogeneous Mixtures: A mixture in which different parts can be easily distinguished.
Heterogeneous Mixture-Tossed Salad
Heterogeneous Mixture-
Chocolate Chip Cookie
Heterogeneous Mixture-
Fruit Salad
Heterogeneous Mixture-
Concrete Gravel Pavers
Heterogeneous Mixture-Mud
Heterogeneous Mixture-
Salad Dressing
Heterogeneous Mixtures
Homogeneous Mixtures
Mixtures in which different materials are blended evenly so that the mixture is the same throughout; also called a solution.
Homogeneous Mixture-Milk
Homogeneous Mixture-Jello
Homogeneous Mixture-Kool-aid
Homogeneous Mixture-Paint
Homogeneous Mixtures-
Whipped Cream
Homogeneous Mixtures-Air
Homogeneous Mixtures
Classification of Matter
Any Questions?
Any Questions?
Any Questions?
Any Questoins?
Any question?
1. http://www.daviddarling.info/encyclopedia/D/darkmat.html
2. http://asymptotia.com/wp-images/2007/01/dark_matter_millenium_simulation.jpg
3. http://www.mpa-garching.mpg.de/HIGHLIGHT/2002/fig0206_1.jpg
4. http://www.centauri-dreams.org/wp-ontent/uploads/2007/09/dark_matter_filament.jpg
5. http://czechabsinthe.files.wordpress.com/2007/04/molecule.jpg
6. http://www.dorlingkindersley- uk.co.uk/static/clipart/uk/dk/sci_matter/image_sci_matter044.jpg
7. http://www.hickerphoto.com/data/media/188/mud-bath_16814.jpg
for fun...
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