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Modal Auxiliaries

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by

Cameron Vandenboom

on 1 October 2013

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Transcript of Modal Auxiliaries

Time for some practice!
A word that is used with
a verb to express
modality.
What is a
Modal Auxiliary?
would
could
might
should
The 9 Modal
Auxiliaries
Modal auxiliaries
add MEANING to verbs.
Example:
"Can" = ABILITY
I [have the ability to] spend the money on a car, (but that doesn't necessarily mean I will).
Modal Auxiliaries
Modality

= the mode in which
something exists.
Modal
Auxiliary
:
will
can
may
must
shall
I spend the money on a new car.
I can spend the money on a new car.
What does "can" mean when
added to the sentence?
I can spend the money on a car
.
-"Can I go to the bathroom?"
-"I don't know, can you?"
Various meanings modal auxiliaries add to verbs:
obligation
ability
desire
possibility
advice
request
probability
Obligation
Obligation - Something one is bound to; a duty; a responsibility; no choice in the matter.
Example:
I must clean my room.
I [have to] clean my room.
I [have no choice but to] clean my room.
Advice
Advice - a recommendation regarding a decision.
Example:
You should leave your ex-boyfriend alone before his new girlfriend hunts you down.
I really recommend that you leave your ex-boyfriend alone before his new girlfriend will hunt you down.
I think you need to leave your ex-boyfriend alone before his new girlfriend hunts you down.
Possibility
Possibility - something that is possible; something having the potential to occur.
Examples:
We could ask for help on the essay.
Or we can cheat on the essay.
Our teacher may be really angry if he finds out that we cheated.
Or he might not notice, and we could get away with it.
One possibility is that we ask for help on the essay.
The other possibility is that we cheat on the essay.
It is possible that our teacher gets angry if he finds out that we cheated.
It is also possible that he does not notice though, and then it is possible that we get away with it.
Request
Request - to ask for something.
Would you quit stalking me?
Could I borrow a pencil?
I can have a piece of cake?
Will you take notes for me?
Examples:
Probability
Probability - likely to be, to happen, or become true.
The sky looks dark. It might rain today
.
It is very likely that it is going to rain today.
There is a very strong possibility that it is going to rain today.
Example:
Desire
Desire - to express a want for something.
I would like a cup of coffee right now.
I would marry Channing Tatum.
Examples:
What meaning is
added to these sentences?
I could apply for a job.
Will you give me a hug?
I didn't study for that test, so I may fail it.
If I ask her out, she might say yes.
You should ask her to prom.
You must babysit your brothers.
I would like to sit down for a minute.
Modal auxiliary + present verb
She
would listen
to me.
My mom
can skate
.
He
must eat
lunch.
My teacher
might

assign
homework.
Full transcript