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Transcript of Modal Auxiliaries
A word that is used with
a verb to express
What is a
The 9 Modal
add MEANING to verbs.
"Can" = ABILITY
I [have the ability to] spend the money on a car, (but that doesn't necessarily mean I will).
= the mode in which
I spend the money on a new car.
I can spend the money on a new car.
What does "can" mean when
added to the sentence?
I can spend the money on a car
-"Can I go to the bathroom?"
-"I don't know, can you?"
Various meanings modal auxiliaries add to verbs:
Obligation - Something one is bound to; a duty; a responsibility; no choice in the matter.
I must clean my room.
I [have to] clean my room.
I [have no choice but to] clean my room.
Advice - a recommendation regarding a decision.
You should leave your ex-boyfriend alone before his new girlfriend hunts you down.
I really recommend that you leave your ex-boyfriend alone before his new girlfriend will hunt you down.
I think you need to leave your ex-boyfriend alone before his new girlfriend hunts you down.
Possibility - something that is possible; something having the potential to occur.
We could ask for help on the essay.
Or we can cheat on the essay.
Our teacher may be really angry if he finds out that we cheated.
Or he might not notice, and we could get away with it.
One possibility is that we ask for help on the essay.
The other possibility is that we cheat on the essay.
It is possible that our teacher gets angry if he finds out that we cheated.
It is also possible that he does not notice though, and then it is possible that we get away with it.
Request - to ask for something.
Would you quit stalking me?
Could I borrow a pencil?
I can have a piece of cake?
Will you take notes for me?
Probability - likely to be, to happen, or become true.
The sky looks dark. It might rain today
It is very likely that it is going to rain today.
There is a very strong possibility that it is going to rain today.
Desire - to express a want for something.
I would like a cup of coffee right now.
I would marry Channing Tatum.
What meaning is
added to these sentences?
I could apply for a job.
Will you give me a hug?
I didn't study for that test, so I may fail it.
If I ask her out, she might say yes.
You should ask her to prom.
You must babysit your brothers.
I would like to sit down for a minute.
Modal auxiliary + present verb