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Istanbul

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by

Julianne Lake

on 30 October 2014

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Transcript of Istanbul

Istanbul: City of Euro-Culture
Pride of Turkey
Street Culture
Defining Characteristics of Street Life
Markets
Fishing
Trams
Street performance and art
Food Vendors

Markets/Bazaars
Markets and Community
The markets, dating back to 1461, are an important part of the city culture in Istanbul. They are places where the community can come together and buy everything from spices to artwork.

the Hagia Sophia
the name means “to the city” or “the city” in Medieval Greek as it was the only city nearby, as was common in medieval periods.
“the city” is over 2500 years old and it is one of the most historically-significant cities ever.
name thought to be derived from Greek king, Byzas
established as Byzantium by Greek immigrants from the city of Megara,
became part of Roman Empire in 73 AD
Constantine the Great transitions into a Christian city
episodes of civil unrest and pillaging from the Crusades
After the population declined, it was captured by the Ottoman Turks in 1453 AD
Sultan Mehmed II proclaimed city as his new capital and transforms it into an Islamic city

the Ottoman Empire fell in 1922, due to modernization, with the signing of the Lausanne Treaty and formal recognition of the Republic of Turkey
Istanbul was not actually considered the capital of Turkey (it was often overlooked in favor of Ankara) until much later, after it was made a republic.

However, as people began to migrant to the newer city.
What stood out to you?
Istanbul Defined by David Byrne
"I love its physical location-- bounded by
water
, dispersed across three landmasses, one of which is where Asia begins. Its way of life, which seems
Mediterranean
,
cosmopolitan
, and yet tinged by the
deep history of the Middle East
, is intoxicating."
"The conflict between
westernization
-- the chaos of democratic liberties and heartless capitalism-- and a way of life that surrenders to the righteous and sheltering arms of God and
tradition
may play itself out here."
"With some of the
worst traffic
in the world-- the city has exploded in population in recent decades-- one wonders why, with its agreeable Mediterranean climate, central Istanbul hasn't embraced the bicycle as a mode of transport. Aside from the hills I come back to
status
as the only explanation that fits."
Crossroads of East and West
The Spice Market/ Eminönü Egyptian Spice Bazaar
Opened in 1664, it is a popular tourist destination to find fresh, local cuisine
Constructed in 1461
5,000 shops
one of the largest covered markets in the world
once a place of international trade, now a major tourist attraction
The Grand Bazaar
Resources
http://www.theguardian.com/travel/2011/sep/06/istanbul
http://bienal.iksv.org/en/biennial/history
http://www.theguideistanbul.com/news/view/284/must-do-fishing-in-istanbul/
http://www.greatistanbul.com/numbers.htm
http://www.mapsofworld.com/travel/blog/tours/istanbul-street-food
http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/10/29/us-turkey-gentrification-idUSKBN0II0G020141029
There is also an extremely high variation in spices used and cooking techniques depending on whether it was Asian-influenced, Middle Eastern-influenced or Euro-influenced.
Seafood is an important part of the cuisine due to it’s location between the Black Sea and the Aegean Sea.
Due to its central location between Europe and Asia (and possible considered the "Middle East," Istanbul has an extremely unique cuisine.
There are also many soups served exclusively at breakfast time.
Eggs, cheese, olives, honey, jam, bread, cucumbers (ect.) are served.
the turkish word for breakfast literally translates to “before coffee”
Menemen
Turkish breakfast is famous in Istanbul as a grand occasion.
If a dish includes meat, it is typically ground or diced, and almost never whole (very unlike American steak or chicken)
a sizable portion of Turkish cuisine is vegetarian or pescatarian as meat is considered a delicacy to the economically-troubled country.
pide: ground beef dough "pizza" boats
Çarşamba
the "wet" burger

a hamburger smothered in oily tomato sauce
This chaotic market takes place every Wednesday and is favored by locals.
the diet in Istanbul is very dairy-heavy, the english word “yogurt” actually comes from the turkish word for dairy!

The Most Popular Hobby
ayran: a frothy (and a little bit minty) yogurt drink
Istanbul hosts the 2014 World Dairy Innovation Awards
Dairy
Meat
Geography and temperature allow for ample fishing in the Bosphorus off the Galata bridge
Transportation
Large subway, bus, and
tram systems
Heavy car traffic and grid lock, not conducive to bikes
Street Food and Density
"Istanbul eats on its streets!"
There is an enormous amount of street vendors selling all sorts of foods from sweet snacks to stuffed mussels!
Could East Lansing benefit from more food vendors?
Street Art
Art and entertainment district= Beyoğlu (European side)
A lot of graffiti and musicians
The Biennial
started in 1987
"create a meeting point in Istanbul in the field of visual arts between artists from diverse cultures and the audience"
David Byrne attended
What changes could be made for East Lansing's public transport?
Turkish Breakfast
is a Turkish breakfast specialty made with eggs, tomatoes, peppers, onions, eggs and olive oil.
street food
turkish coffee
turkey's national drink
Gentrification
Buğday aşı/Yoğurt Çorbası/Ayran Çorbası (which can be served hot or cold), Düğün (Wedding soup), Tarhana, Ezogelin, Mercimek (Lentil soup), İşkembe (Paunch)
Şehriye, Tavuk (chicken soup, with almond becomes, "Bademli Tavuk"), Ekşi Aşı, Mahluta, Pazı, Lahana (cabbage soup), Sumak Aşı, Domates (tomato soup) Yayla, Yüksük, Trabzon Balık çorbası, Paça. Tutmaç (lentil dish with noodles)
The art district of Beyoğlu is being threatened by gentrification
Legislation allows landlords to evict tenants of more than 10 years without reason
Most tenants happen to be non-Muslim minorities (Istanbul's oldest tradesmen)
Istiklal Avenue
$100 Billion dollars in government spending planned to build a third new airport, a new bridge linking continents, and demolition of buildings for other urban renewal projects
soups
fusion cuisine
doner kebap
marinated,
shaved
lamb
istanbul's street food is world famous
ultra refined , served with grounds
originally built as a Cathedral during the Roman Empire, Ottoman Turks later transform it into a mosque
Melting pot of cultures
Population: 14.1 million (18.5% of Turkey’s population)
Fast growing metropolis (population of 10 million in 2000)
3,190 Mosques (<90% muslim), 143 Churches, 19 Synagogues
Full transcript