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Transcript of Persian Empire
The Persian Empire was one of the most culturally diverse empires of its time, which made it harder to govern. To solve that problem, kings invented new strategies. Darius I established 20 provinces called
each having their own governor, military commander, and treasurer.
Darius developed a "coinage system" using gold and silver disks, within "banking houses" for distributing and extraction.
The Persians originated from Inner Asia, and settled in an area of Mesopotamia where they began building their empire. Cyrus II led a revolt against the Medes, a group who ruled the Persians throughout 550 BCE. Cyrus was apart of a clan called Achaemenids, which is why some refer the Persian Empire as "The Achaemenid Empire."
Persepolis ("City of Persians") was Persia's ceremonial capitol.
Griffins were often depicted in Persian architecture, usually atop columns or pillars.
The royal bodyguards were called the 10,000 Immortals because of their high skilled levels, and if one were to get killed, they'd be immediately replaced, so their number always stayed at 10,000!
The Persian tribes were of Indo-European origin.
A Persian boy was not allowed to see his father until age five!
Decline & Fall
Greek city-states caused a riot against Darius, near the Anatolian Peninsula. He then destroyed the rebellion a few years later, and established a regulation amongst their group.
Created by: Cycle Four Green Group
He added onto a matrix of passageways, with another road approximately 1500 miles long, between Susa (western homeland) and Sardis. This sped up the mailing process, betwixt villages, which increased to a maximum of nine days rather than three months. Not long after that, Darius dug a watercourse that lead down 87 miles, at a width of 164 feet, locating from the Nile to the Red Sea. This connected Egypt's capitol and Memphis together, for traveling and trading purposes.
A common ruling class of the Persians surmise in the religion of Zoroastrianism (zôrōˈastrēənizem). There are two immortals: Ahura Mazda, who was the god of light and truth; and Ahriman the god of darkness and evil. This religion has believed to influence other beliefs like Judaism and Christianity.
Portraying the belief of one God, but still standing under the terms of dualism (influenced by heaven and hell, along with the "judgement throne" of God).
It was entitled after the native speaker/prophet, under the name of 'Zarathustra (aka. Zoroaster).'
Zoroastrianism is referred with two known symbols.
2. The Faravahar
Darius ended up dying before attack a few months later, in the battle of Marathon (490 BCE). This made his oldest son, Xerxes, advance to military expeditionary forces, who then killed Athans.
In the next 150 years, more inefficient leaders (Phillip II who was quickly murdered) came into play. This made rebellions duplicate, weakening the Persians.
Alexander became the chief, leading the Persians to victory, who defeated Darius III-the last emperor of the Achaemenid dynasty. For his success, he became known as 'Alexander the Great.'
King Darius I
Born in 550-486 BC
Third king of the Persian Achaemenid Empire, for 36 years.
The Persian Empire or, the Achaemenid
, was one of the largest and most successful empires of all time. Now modern day Iran. The Persian Empire cycled through many rulers, many of whom were influential and skilled. Some of their ideals are still used to this day. Darius created a monetary system that was spread across nations. Religions became widespread there. Many cultural ideas originated in the Achaemenid empire.
The Persian Empire was very important in its time and still is now. Even today we use Persian ideas and inventions. Many places are influenced both in a governmental and cultural way.
(Additional information in handout.)
1. What year was the Persian Empire adapted?
2. What were the two "gods" (explain their rolls)?
3. What were the two symbols of Zoroastrianism and what did they symbolize?
4. Who dug a large watercourse for transportation purposes? How large was it?
5. Where was the Persian Empire located?
6. Who took over the Persian Empire after all the Achaemenid kings were defeated?