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Week Three Lessons and Activities

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Amanda Kapetanakis

on 24 September 2018

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Transcript of Week Three Lessons and Activities

CREATE YOUR OWN GOVERNMENT
A devastating pandemic has decimated the government! Federal, state and local governments are gone. Small regional populations...mostly of high school and college age have survived because of their ability to resist the disease. Now that the danger of the epidemic has past, many survivors believe there is a need to create a government to maintain order. By coincidence, you just completed Unit One of your political science class and you believe you have the basic knowledge needed to get the job done...you volunteer to create a basic set of rules and constitution ...and CREATE A POWERPOINT describing your proposed government.
(25 points total - SUMMATIVE)
Slide 4:
Use a
GRAPHIC ORGANIZER
to show
how you will set up your proposed
LAW MAKING CONGRESS/COUNCIL:

You need to show the following elements:
1.
How will you break up your country into regions/neighborhoods? (create boundaries)
2.
Will you have a unicameral (one chamber), bicameral (two chambers), or multi-cameral (many chambers)
Show your legistative structure on your graphic organizer
3.
How many representatives will each region get? Use your Week Two slides on the NJ plan, Virginia plan, Great Compromise and the structure of the Constitution to help you with this slide.
(5 points)
This week you will complete your first summative project. These points will have the same weight as a Unit Exam
WEEK 3! Create Your Own Government
There are two main types of democracies.
The first and oldest is a pure, or direct democracy. In a pure democracy, the people being governed gather to discuss and vote directly on decisions made by the government. This style of democracy was used by the ancient Athenians and is still used today by a few small communities in New England.
The other type is a representative, or indirect democracy. In this system, the people elect representatives to run the government and express their sentiments. The power in this type of democracy remains with the people. State governments are examples of representative democracies in that elected officials act on behalf of their constituents. The U.S. National Government is a republic, meaning that the power rests with elected officials rather than with the people.
A democracy is a fifth type of government and derives its power from the people it governs. For this reason, the people can influence not only who holds office but also what policies are implemented. Democracies exist throughout the world, but no two democratic governments are exactly alike. For example, the Parliamentary system of the United Kingdom and the Presidential system used by the United States are quite different in their organization, where the seat of power is located, and in their traditions, and yet both are democratic governments.
Whether or not governments are considered legitimate, they can be identified by who holds power and who can participate. Five types of government can be found throughout history and in present times.
One type is the dictatorship, in which one person controls the government. The general population has little or no political participation, and their rights are restricted. Two infamous dictators were Adolf Hitler in Germany and Pol Pot in Cambodia.
The second type is an oligarchy. This is when power is shared within an exclusive group. This type is governed
by a few. An example of an oligarchy is Sparta.
Types of Government



To be sovereign, a nation state must have the authority to govern its territory and population without interference from other nations.
This authority also includes determining domestic and international policies. The colonies in America during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries are examples of people who had territory but not sovereignty.
The Basques in Spain are an example of a people that have a regional government but desire the sovereignty to exist as an independent nation. To this end, separatists have resorted to extreme means to achieve independence.
In a nation state, the population can be large or small, and it typically shares a common culture. In the United States, the people do not have to come from the same ethnic background or speak the same language.
Nations having a diverse population need a government that can help lead the people to compromise and reach consensus on social, political, and economic issues. Without cohesion, the population becomes divided and difficult to govern. Nations with a high level of homogeneity tend to find compromise and cohesion easier, like France. Some African nations find it difficult and struggle to maintain legitimate governments.
Nation States



Protecting citizens, maintaining order, regulating the economy, providing public goods and services, and socializing the nation's youth are huge undertakings, and a government needs billions of dollars to make them happen. Therefore, both federal and state governments must fulfill a sixth purpose: levying taxes.
The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) and United States Treasury operate the federal tax system, making sure individuals and companies pay their taxes according to the law. Each state has a treasury department to operate its tax system. Although federal taxes are applicable in all states, not all states have the same taxes. For example, Kansas has a state income tax, but Florida does not.
Socializing young people is the fifth purpose of government. The goal is to encourage youths to accept, understand, and perpetuate the government.
Some citizens argue that this method resembles brainwashing. However, it is important for citizens to know how their government works in order for it to function effectively.
In the United States, many children begin their school day by reciting the Pledge of Allegiance, and the curricula for most schools require students to take U.S. government.
Regulating the economy is another important government function, since a strong economy is needed for growth and prosperity.
To promote economic health, a government might lower taxes to encourage spending and put tariffs on imports to encourage people to buy products made in their own country.
The Federal Reserve, or the Fed, plays a major role in regulating the U.S. economy. The Fed sets interest rates, implements U.S. monetary policy and makes sure banks are honest and fair in their dealings with consumers.


Governments consist of the institutions that make and enact policies to govern people within a society or nation.
The U.S. government has executive, judicial, and legislative branches, as well as federal and state administrative agencies.
By making policies and carrying out those policies, a government fulfills several essential needs of a society.
Three ways a government might try to protect its citizens include protecting citizens from foreign threats, organizing armed forces, developing weapons, and making strategic alliances with other countries
Some purposes of government are maintaining order in society by enforcing laws, preventing crime, and responding to emergency situations. In the U.S., cities have a police force and fire department. Also, every state has a National Guard unit.
Nature of Government
A third type of government is a monarchy, in which one person has control. This person's power is claimed from "divine rights" and is passed from one generation of the royal class to the next. Historically, people ruled by a monarch did not have rights, and they were at the mercy of the monarch's will. This form of government existed in England before the signing of the Magna Carta.


The fourth type is a representative monarchy, the monarch is more of a figurehead than a dictator. Under this type of governance, people have political and civil rights and can participate in parliamentary government. Representative monarchies, such as Great Britain, are democracies that evolved out of the feudal systems.
Public Services
Public Goods
These services are available to people who qualify for them based on need.
Medicare
Federal education loans
Typically, public goods are available to everyone, and it is illegal to exclude people from their use.
Schools
Highways
Libraries
A government also has a duty to provide public goods and services for its citizens.
You will need to determine AND show in your powerpoint the following elements of your government:

Slide 1: What would government do immediately to help the survivors?

Slide 2: Cover the Five Functions of Government...What would these things look like?
1. Protection, 2. Order, 3. Public Goods/Services, 4.Economic recovery, 5. Socialize/Educate Youth

5 points total
Slide 3: Write a Preamble of
your Constitution:
Why did you create this government? In other words, what is the social contract between society and your government? Your preamble must be written out in it's entirety (no bullet points for your preamble). Start your Preamble with "We the People of....." (5 points)
Slide 5,6, 7
SLIDE 5: OUTLINE your CONSTITUTION:
It MUST include the following elements: What are the branches of your government? What powers will you give each branch in your government? Show how will you check and balance the powers of each branch?
SLIDE 6: Roles of Citizens: List citizen responsibilities and how they can/will participate in government. (What do you expect citizens to do? Vote? Run for election? Serve in military? Provide specialized services? Lots of options here!)
SLIDE 7: How can your Constitution be amended? Show exactly how it would work.
(5 points total)
Slide 8.
Create a BILL OF RIGHTS chart for your new country. Just like the last slide from you Week 2 powerpoint, make a chart that shows the rights you want to protect. It should be SPECIFIC to your new country...you can include the ideas from the US Constitution bill of rights...but you can't just copy them. You need to have a MINIMUM of 5 rights listed. (5 points)
There are two main types of democracies.
The first and oldest is a pure, or direct democracy. In a pure democracy, the people being governed gather to discuss and vote directly on decisions made by the government. This style of democracy was used by the ancient Athenians and is still used today by a few small communities in New England.
The other type is a representative, or indirect democracy. In this system, the people elect representatives to run the government and express their sentiments. The power in this type of democracy remains with the people. State governments are examples of representative democracies in that elected officials act on behalf of their constituents. The U.S. National Government is a republic, meaning that the power rests with elected officials rather than with the people.



To be sovereign, a nation state must have the authority to govern its territory and population without interference from other nations.
This authority also includes determining domestic and international policies. The colonies in America during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries are examples of people who had territory but not sovereignty.
The Basques in Spain are an example of a people that have a regional government but desire the sovereignty to exist as an independent nation. To this end, separatists have resorted to extreme means to achieve independence.


Governments consist of the institutions that make and enact policies to govern people within a society or nation.
The U.S. government has executive, judicial, and legislative branches, as well as federal and state administrative agencies.
By making policies and carrying out those policies, a government fulfills several essential needs of a society.
Three ways a government might try to protect its citizens include protecting citizens from foreign threats, organizing armed forces, developing weapons, and making strategic alliances with other countries
Some purposes of government are maintaining order in society by enforcing laws, preventing crime, and responding to emergency situations. In the U.S., cities have a police force and fire department. Also, every state has a National Guard unit.
Nature of Government
A third type of government is a monarchy, in which one person has control. This person's power is claimed from "divine rights" and is passed from one generation of the royal class to the next. Historically, people ruled by a monarch did not have rights, and they were at the mercy of the monarch's will. This form of government existed in England before the signing of the Magna Carta.


The fourth type is a representative monarchy, the monarch is more of a figurehead than a dictator. Under this type of governance, people have political and civil rights and can participate in parliamentary government. Representative monarchies, such as Great Britain, are democracies that evolved out of the feudal systems.



Protecting citizens, maintaining order, regulating the economy, providing public goods and services, and socializing the nation's youth are huge undertakings, and a government needs billions of dollars to make them happen. Therefore, both federal and state governments must fulfill a sixth purpose: levying taxes.
The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) and United States Treasury operate the federal tax system, making sure individuals and companies pay their taxes according to the law. Each state has a treasury department to operate its tax system. Although federal taxes are applicable in all states, not all states have the same taxes. For example, Kansas has a state income tax, but Florida does not.
Socializing young people is the fifth purpose of government. The goal is to encourage youths to accept, understand, and perpetuate the government.
Some citizens argue that this method resembles brainwashing. However, it is important for citizens to know how their government works in order for it to function effectively.
In the United States, many children begin their school day by reciting the Pledge of Allegiance, and the curricula for most schools require students to take U.S. government.
Regulating the economy is another important government function, since a strong economy is needed for growth and prosperity.
To promote economic health, a government might lower taxes to encourage spending and put tariffs on imports to encourage people to buy products made in their own country.
The Federal Reserve, or the Fed, plays a major role in regulating the U.S. economy. The Fed sets interest rates, implements U.S. monetary policy and makes sure banks are honest and fair in their dealings with consumers.
THE NATURE OF GOVERNMENTS
Whether or not governments are considered legitimate, they can be identified by who holds power and who can participate. Five types of government can be found throughout history and in present times.
One type is the dictatorship, in which one person controls the government. The general population has little or no political participation, and their rights are restricted. Two infamous dictators were Adolf Hitler in Germany and Pol Pot in Cambodia.
The second type is an oligarchy. This is when power is shared within an exclusive group. This type is governed
by a few. An example of an oligarchy is Sparta.
Types of Government
In a nation state, the population can be large or small, and it typically shares a common culture. In the United States, the people do not have to come from the same ethnic background or speak the same language.
Nations having a diverse population need a government that can help lead the people to compromise and reach consensus on social, political, and economic issues. Without cohesion, the population becomes divided and difficult to govern. Nations with a high level of homogeneity tend to find compromise and cohesion easier, like France. Some African nations find it difficult and struggle to maintain legitimate governments.
Nation States
A democracy is a fifth type of government and derives its power from the people it governs. For this reason, the people can influence not only who holds office but also what policies are implemented. Democracies exist throughout the world, but no two democratic governments are exactly alike. For example, the Parliamentary system of the United Kingdom and the Presidential system used by the United States are quite different in their organization, where the seat of power is located, and in their traditions, and yet both are democratic governments.
Public Services
Public Goods
These services are available to people who qualify for them based on need.
Medicare
Federal education loans
Typically, public goods are available to everyone, and it is illegal to exclude people from their use.
Schools
Highways
Libraries
A government also has a duty to provide public goods and services for its citizens.
This powerpoint will help you as you create your own government!!!
Full transcript