Transcript of Zenobia, Queen of Palmyra
By: Basia Heggins Queen Zenobia of Palmyra ruled her arabic empire from Autumn of 267 AD to Summer of 272 AD durring the clarissima regima. She was known as Julia Aurelia Zenobia or Septima Zenobia Augusta. Her father is Julius Aurelius Zenobius and her mother is unknown. Zenobia's date of birth is also unknown but she is believed to have died after the year 274 AD. In her life time she was married to Odaenathus and had a son named Vabellathus or Wahballat. Introduction of a Queen Zenobia was introduced after the assassination of both her husband, Odaenathus and step-son, Herodes. After the assassination in AD 267, Zenobia took the throne as regent for her son Vaballathus. Turmoil in Palmyra A Polished Speaker Zenobia was said to be fluent in Aramaic, Arabic, Greek, and Egyptian. She knew of the concepts of Arabic poetry and Second Sophistry. She was also an ambitious diplomat and was very politicaly outspoken. Weapons from the gods Zenobia was said to have been a queen who might not have fought in her battles physically but mentally. Her weapons were her brains, beauty, and virtue. She also kept a long sword like a male soldier's. Journey of a Lifetime When the Roman empire refused to acknowlege Vaballathus the rights over his fathers domain, Zenobia decided to rise against the Roman empire. She crushed them in her journey to develope her dream of an Arab empire. The Courage of a Queen During one of her last battles, Zenobia proved her courage when she dared to cross enemy lines seeking the aid from her Persian allies. She also sheltered persecuted Christians. Unsinkable Thinking it would be easier to control Zenobia than her warrior husband, the Roman's assassinated Oaenathus and Herodes. They were wrong. The queen was called 'Unsinkable Zenobia' because of her mental and physical strength when defending and overcoming obstacles. She viewed pride and dignity as being more precious than her life and so was also called the 'New Cleopatra.' Augustus Zenobia eventually aimed her powers at the throne of Rome, defeating the emperor. She then named herself Augusta Sebaste or Septima Zenobia Augusta meaning Queen or Empress. She also gave her son all the titles of a Roman Emperor and the title of his father, Corrector totius Orientus, meaning Governor of the East. After the bestowing of her title, Zenobia received bad omens from three different oracles. Ignoring the omens, she prepaired for battle with Italy. It was then that the new Emperor of Rome and his armies went to defeat Zenobia. This left the queen to face two battles at once. Zenobia was then captured by this new emperor and died in captivity. A new Emperor Aurelian Auralian was anounced the new Emperor of Rome, but he could not receive his titles because of Zenobia and her son. Having to battle her multiple times, he said she was stronger, more virtuous, and more capable than any woman. Stating this, he did not have to admit to struggling in battle with a "mere woman." He was not a despiser of gods, but merely a man building his empire just like Zenobia. Divine Force Trying to escape the new emperor, Zenobia traveled through an underground tunnel while riding a female camel. She was later caught and forced to walk through the streets at Aurelians feet shackled in heavy gold chains. MLA Citation Zenobia Queen of Syria Introduction Trait 1 "Zenobia." Encyclopdia Britannica. Encyclopdia Britannica Online. EncyclopdiaFull transcript
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http://www.livius.org/paa-pam/palmyra/zenobia.html Trait 10 Trait 9 Trait 8 Trait 7 Trait 2 Trait 3 Trait 4 Trait 6 Trait 5