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Romeo and Juliet - Multimodal Response
Transcript of Romeo and Juliet - Multimodal Response
Fate and Fortune
Lord and Lady Capulet
"Now by the stock and honour of my kin, to strike him dead I hold it not a sin"
Haste is another theme written into the plot of 'Romeo and Juliet'. It is defined as a unnecessarily quick action that is rash or thoughtless. Haste, often in the play, intertwines with the idea of fate, making the audience question that if the characters didn't make hasty decisions would the ending be any different?
In Shakespearean Times a lot of people believed the idea of fate, fortune and destiny. Fate, by the dictionary definition, means "something that inevitably befalls upon a person or a prophetic declaration of the future." The imagery William Shakespeare uses in 'Romeo and Juliet' incorporates the sun, the moon and the stars. In the prologue they are introduced as "star crossed lovers" suggesting early on that their love was destined by the stars. All the characters in the play are somehow a victim of fate and fortune.
Hate, being the opposite of love had an important role within the play. The Capulets' and Montagues' hate for the other impacted the way that the characters acted and just even how the events occurred in the story. This contrasted with the way that Romeo and Juliet felt about each other. A lot of this hatred led to chaos and violence within the community of Verona. The irony of this being that only after the star-crossed lovers took their own lives, did their families begin to reconcile.
The Star-Crossed Lovers
The Nurse is employed in the Capulet household. She is a confident, witty and caring character, often defying her employers. The Nurse is often seen as a mother like figure to Juliet, being there for her in ways that Lady Capulet never could. It was the Nurse who helped Juliet go ahead with the secret marriage to Romeo. Later in the story the Nurse betrays Juliet as she encourages her to leave Romeo and marry Paris instead. She was very close to Tybalt and when Romeo killed him, she became less fond of him. From there Juliet no longer sought her advice.
Romeo is a character who undergoes a lot of change throughout the play. It starts off with him pining over Rosaline, who doesn't share his affection. He is quite naive and shallow and appears to be in love with the idea of love. When he quickly falls in love Juliet at the Capulet Party, Friar Lawrence agrees to marry them even though he believes the decision to is quite hasty. Even though Romeo isn't searching for a fight, he often can't control himself which leads to him killing Tybalt. Romeo is then exiled from Verona, disturbing the peace. When he returns to Verona against the law, at the news of Juliet's "death", he kills Paris and drinks poison in the Capulet tomb. Little known to him Juliet was under a sleeping drug and was expected to wake in a few minutes. A lot of people dispute his love for Juliet was not real, as there were constant examples of him being shallow and making hasty decisions throughout the play. Despite this is he is a loyal friend and love for Juliet became more than just skin de
my lady and my wife!"
"Romeo, the love I bear thee can afford no better term than this: thou art a villain."
"Uncle this is a Montague, our foe. A villain that is hither come in spite to scorn at our solemnity this night."
"Two households, both alike in dignity,
In fair Verona, where we lay our scene,
From ancient grudge break to new mutiny,
Where civil blood makes civil hands unclean.
From forth the fatal loins of these two foes
a pair of star-crossed lovers take their life..."
"Go thither, and with unattainted eye compare her face with some that I shall show, and I will make thee think thy swan a crow"
"A plague a' both your houses! They have made worms meat of me."
Benvolio is Romeo's trustworthy cousin and friend. His name literally means "good will" and is known in the play as the "peacekeeper" or "well wisher", which is exactly how it sounds. He only wants to be helpful and keep the peace between all in Verona. At the start, Benvolio tells Lord and Lady Montague that he find out what is wrong with Romeo. When he finds out that Romeo is lovesick for Rosaline, he wants to do anything to help his dear friend. This leads to them attending the Capulet party which was considered their "destiny." Benvolio is also present at all the street brawls between the Capulets and Montagues. He usually trying to control Romeo and Mercutio and prevent them doing things they may regret. Unfortunately his numerous attempts are futile as again "destiny" had a different approach.
"Thou, wretched boy, that didst consort him here, shalt with him hence."
"Wisely and slow. They stumble that run fast."
Tybalt is Juliet's hot-headed cousin. He is an impetuous character who doesn't think of the consequences his actions may cause. Tybalt hates all the Montagues because he wants to be noble and loyal in the eyes of his family. He always seems to be eager to fight and is quick to draw out his sword to defend his family's honour. Tybalt's confidence and protectiveness are a few of his admiral qualities. However in the play, the audience sees how fighting for family can be translated as bad thing, as Tybalt is narrow minded and bad tempered. As a result he is killed by Romeo, who was only trying to avenge his dear friend, Mercutio.
"Go girl, seek happy nights to happy days!"
Friar Laurence is similar to the Nurse, in that he has become someone that Romeo and Juliet can trust. He is not only seen as a good friend but another father like figure. Friar Laurence is a righteous man who is true to his heart and was willing to help whenever it was needed. He was the man that married Romeo and Juliet despite the family feuding and their young age. After Romeo was banished from Verona, Friar Laurence made up a secret plan that could have brought the pair together, but fate had a different idea. At the end it is his responsibility to retell the events that led to the lovers' deaths.
Mercutio is Romeo's spontaneous and often quite dramatic friend. He is known in the play for his bawdy sense of humor and out-going nature. Being neither Capulet or Montague, Mercutio has not directly related to the fued. He went along to the Capulet Party alongside the Montagues; the same party that resulted in Romeo and Juliet meeting each other for the first time. Romeo didn't feel the need to tell Mercutio about his love for Juliet, as Mercutio would only make more jokes about it and never truly believed in the idea of love. Similar to Tybalt, Mercutio is quite hasty in his decisions. He often doesn't have the time to stop and think about what he is doing. He was yet another victim to the theme of haste as he was killed by Tybalt in a street brawl.
"His name is Romeo, and a Montague,
The only son of your great enemy"
"These griefs, these woes, these sorrows make me old."
"I pray thee, good Mercutio, let's retire. The day is hot, the Capulets abroad."
"I do but keep the peace. Put up thy sword, or manage to part these men with me."
"One pain is lessened by another's anguish."
Throughout the play, there are many different types of love between the different characters. The dictionary has many different definitions of love further proving the diversity of it. The most common definition for love is "a profoundly tender, passionate emotion felt towards another person." Shakespeare wrote about love as an intense but delicate emotion that played with the hearts of all men.
"Blind is his love that bests befits the dark."
"Too swift arrives as tardy as too slow"
"Go waken Juliet. Go and trim her up. I'll go chat with Paris. Hie, make haste, make haste!"
"Alas, that love, so gentle in his view,
Should be so tyrannous and rough in proof!"
"For doting, not for loving!
"For this alliance may so happy prove to turn your household's rancour to pure love"
"These violent delights have violent ends and in their triumph die, like fire and powder, which as they kiss consume..."
"Where be these enemies? Capulet, Montague, see what a scourge is laid upon your hate, that heaven finds means to kill your joys with love."
"What, drawn and talk of peace? I hate the word as I hate hell, all Montagues and thee."
By Emma Campbell 9S
"Her's much too do with hate, but more with love."
"Shall you speak well of him that killed your husband?"
"Though his face be better than any man's, yet his leg excels all men's"
Lord and Lady Montague are the parents of Romeo. They are different from Lord and Lady Capulet as they are genuinely concerned about Romeo's happiness. At the start of the play they notice that Romeo is upset and asks Benvolio what is wrong with him. Despite this concern for Romeo, they don't know a lot about him or what is going in his life. Towards the end of the play the audience finds out that Lady Montague died from grief at the news of Romeo's banishment. From there Lord Montague resolves the conflict with the Capulets.
Lord and Lady Montague
"Sweet flower, with flowers thy bridal bed I strew..."
"O, I am slain! If thou be merciful open the tomb lay me with Juliet."
"Thou face is mine, and thou hast slandered it."
Count Paris is the perfect suitor for Juliet. Paris is so infatuated with the idea of having a perfect life that he is hasty in wanting to marry Juliet, despite her young age. He is seen as quite shallow and this is the major reason for him chasing after Juliet. Little known to both Paris and Juliet's parents, she can't marry Paris as she is already married to Romeo. This then causes a string of problems to arise, including Romeo killing Paris in the Capulet tomb.
"Younger than she are happy mothers made"
"Alas, my liege my wife is dead tonight! Grief of my son's exile has stopped her breath."
"Thou shalt not stir one foot to seek a foe."
"Many a morning hath he there been seen,
With tears argumenting the fresh morning's dew,
Adding to clouds more clouds with his dear sighs."
Lord and Lady Capulet are Juliet's controlling and distant parents. Like Lord and Lady Montague, they are not often seen in the play, but they are crucial in the plot, as they further support the themes of love, hate, fate and haste. They both want their only child, Juliet, to be the manifestation of perfection and nothing less. Lord and Lady Capulet are usually talking down to Juliet as she can sometimes be seen as an object in their eyes. Throughout the story they pushed Juliet to marry Count Paris as they believed he was a perfect match for her. Their love for Juliet is seen as more conditional for the moment she begins to protest or disobey them she is unloved. However when they find out that Juliet is truly dead, they do appear to have deeper love for their daughter, that wasn't seen in the play.
"If love be rough with you, be rough with love; prick love for pricking and you beat love down."
"Did my heart love till now? Forswear it, sight! For I ne'er saw true beauty till this night."
"And therefore I have talked little of love for Venus smiles not in a house of love."
"Thy drugs are quick. Thus with a kiss I die."
"O, I am fortune's fool!"
"O fortune, fortune! all men call thee fickle: if thou art fickle, what dost thou with him. That is renown'd for faith? Be fickle, fortune; for then, I hope, thou wilt not keep him long, But send him back."
"Is it even so? then I defy you, stars!"
"Romeo! Romeo! Wherefore art thou Romeo? Deny thy father and refuse they name. Or if thou wilt not, be but sworn my love, and I'll swear I'll no longer be a Capulet."
"Then let it be known my dear heart's set on the fair daughter of rich Capulet."
"And when he shall die, take him and cut him in little stars and he will make the face of heaven so fine that all the world will fall in love with night..."
"Do not swear at all. Or, if thou wilt, swear by thy gracious self, which is the god of my idolatry, and I'll believe thee."
"Shall I speak ill of him that is my husband?"
"I'll look to like, if looking liking move..."
Juliet is best described as naive, young and beautiful. At the age of 13, her parents were already considering an arranged marriage for her with Count Paris. However her heart was already taken by Romeo. After only meeting once at her father's party, Juliet agrees to marry Romeo the next day, further encompassing the idea of haste. Her love for Romeo can be seen as her rebelling against her parents and also getting the choice of someone to be with, as Lord and Lady Capulet often decide things for her. When Romeo was exiled from Verona for killing Tybalt, Juliet begins to question her sudden relationship with him. After a talk with the Nurse, Juliet reconciles with Romeo and spends one more night with him. Even when her parents forced Paris on her, Juliet refused to marry him as she didn't want to commit bigamy, which shows how faithful she was. In the end, Juliet and Romeo couldn't stand to be in a world without the other and so she takes her life so that finally they can be together again.
"If I profane my unworthiest hand this holy shrine, the gentle sin is this. My lips, two blushing pilgrims ready stand to smooth that rough touch with a tender kiss."
"Eyes, look your last! Arms, take your last embrace! "
"Not mad, but bound more than a mad man is. Shut up in prison, kept without my food, whipped and tormented. "
"But, soft! what light through yonder window breaks? It is the east, and Juliet is the sun. "
"Death, that hath sucked the honey of thy breath, hath had no power yet upon thy beauty. "
"Goodnight, goodnight! Parting is such sweet sorrow that I shall say goodnight till it be morrow. "
"Good pilgrim, you do wrong your hand too much, which mannerly devotion shows in this. For saints have hands that pilgrims' hands do touch, and palm to palm is holy palmers' kiss. "
"Wilt thou be gone? It is no yet near day. It was the nightingale, and not the lark."
"O happy dagger, this is thy sheath; there rust and let me die"
"There is thy gold - worse poison to men's souls, doing more murder in this loathesome world, than these poor compounds thay mayst sell."
"With Rosaline, my ghostly father? No. I have forgot that name and that name's woe."
"Young men's love then lies not truly in their hearts, but in their eyes."
"Women may fall when there's no strength in men."
"For not so vile that on the earth doth live but to the earth some special good doth give..."
"You say you do not know the lady's mind. Uneven is the course. I like it not."
"O, in this love, you love your child so ill that you run her mad, seeing that she is well..."
"Hang thee young baggage! Disobedient wretch!"
"Death is my son-in-law, death is my heir."
"Verona's summer hath not such a flower."
"The valiant Paris seeks you for his love."
"There shall no figure at such rate be set as that of true and faithful Juliet."
"By my heel, I care not."
"I mean, sir, in delay we waste our lights in vain, like lamps by day."
"O, then I see Queen Mab hath been with you. She is the fairies' midwife, and she comes in shape no bigger than an agate stone..."
"Soft! I will go along. And if you leave me so, you do me wrong."
"It fits when such a villain is a guest.I'll not endure him"
"Peace, peace i hate the word"
"This day's black fate on moe days doth depend, this but begins the woe others must end."
"It is too rash, too unadvis'd, too sudden, too like lightning..."
"I fear, too early: for my mind misgives some consequence yet hanging in the stars shall bitterly begin his fearful date.With this night's revels and expire the term of a despised life closed in my breast by some vile forfeit of untimely death."
"O God, I have an ill-divining soul! Methinks I see thee, now thou art below as one dead in the bottom of a tomb: Either my eyesight fails, or thou look'st pale."
"No, sir, I do not bite my thumb at you sir; but I bite my thumb, sir."
" My only love sprung from my only hate! Too early seen unknown, and known too late! Prodigious birth of love it is to me that I must love a loathed enemy. "
"And for that offense, immediately we do exile him hence! Let Romeo hence in haste... Else, when he is found... that hour is his last. "