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Copy of South Asia: Physical Geography

Chapter 2 Section1
by

Stephen Janecek

on 26 February 2014

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Transcript of Copy of South Asia: Physical Geography

South Asia: Physical Geography
I. Major Landforms
II. Climates
III. Land Use
Subcontinent
definition:
A large landmass that is a major part of a continent



A. Natural Barrier
B. Rivers of Life
C. Plains and Plateaus
Form natural barrier between
South Asia & rest of Asia
The
Himalayas
are a system of parallel mountain ranges.
Himalayas
stretch 1,550
miles east to west
The Himalayas
form a barrier between South Asia and China
Himalayas
contain some of the largest mountains in the world
Himalayas
stretch 1,550
miles east to west
Himalayas
were formed by the gradual collision of tectonic plates forced the land upward into enormous mountain ranges
Mt. Everest
29,035 feet (5.5 miles)
Mt. Everest
29,035 feet (5.5 miles)
Mt. Everest
29,035 feet (5.5 miles)
Mt. Everest
29,035 feet (5.5 miles)
Mt. Everest
29,035 feet (5.5 miles)
Mt. Everest
29,035 feet (5.5 miles)
Mt. Everest
29,035 feet (5.5 miles)
2 major rivers are:
Ganges & Indus
Ganges River
:
Flows across
Northern India
& into
Bay of Bengal
Indus River
:
Flows from
Himalayas
into
Pakistan
Both rivers carry water &
minerals to support farming
Plains around rivers are
fertile & heavily populated
Huge plains cover northern
part of Indian subcontinent
Alluvial
definition:
plains made of soil deposited by rivers
Review
plateau
:
Large flat area that rises above the surrounding land;
at least 1 side has a steep slope
Deccan Plateau
:
south of India's plains
Monsoon
defintion:
wind that changes direction w/ changes of a season
Monsoons
: single most important
factor in South Asia's climate
A. Summer Monsoons
Wind blows across South Asia
from southwest
B. Winter Monsoon
During winter, winds change direction:
blow from northeast
Winds move dry, cold air to South Asia
Himalayas block the cold air
South Asia enjoys dry winter weather;
temperatures average 70
70% live in rural areas;
most crowded into fertile river valleys
A. Cash Crops
B. Mineral Resources
C. Human Environment Interaction
Cash crop
defintion:
crops raised or gathered to be sold
for money on the local or world market
Raise crops like:
tea, cotton, coffee, & sugar cane
Tea field
Cotton field
Coffee Field
Sugar Field
Iron ore & coal are
plentiful in India
Overuse of the Ganges
- After centuries of intense human use the Ganges has become
polluted
Monsoon predictions-
Floods
harm the economy and cause great loss of life

India Population Problem
a. half the size of the United States but has more than a billion people living there. (One fifth of the World’s Population)
b. on pace to overtake China as most populous country
Full transcript